Guldursun-Kala
Guldursun-Kala
Guldursun-Kala
Guldursun-Kala
Shown within West and Central Asia
Guldursun-Kala
Guldursun-Kala (Uzbekistan)
Alternative nameGuldursun-Kala
LocationKarakalpakstan, Uzbekistan
Coordinates41°41′35.1″N 60°58′53.4″E / 41.693083°N 60.981500°E / 41.693083; 60.981500Coordinates: 41°41′35.1″N 60°58′53.4″E / 41.693083°N 60.981500°E / 41.693083; 60.981500
TypeSettlement
History
PeriodsParthian, Sasanian
Site notes
ConditionRuined

Guldursun-Kala, also Guldursun Qala, in modern Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan, was an ancient fortress in Chorasmia built in the 12th century CE.[1] It is one of the largest fortresses of Khwarezm, with perimeter walls of about 1 kilometer in total length, and an internal area of about 6.4 hectares (64,000 square meters, or 15.8 acres).

It is part of the "Fifty fortresses oasis" in modern-day Uzbekistan.[2] It was last occupied by Muhammad II of Khwarazm (1169, 1200-20), before it fell to the Mongol conquest of the Khwarazmian Empire.

References

  1. ^ Ducke, Isa; Thoma, Natascha. Usbekistan (in German). Dumont Reiseverlag. p. 385. ISBN 978-3-7701-7739-4.
  2. ^ Adrianov, Boris V.; Mantellini, Simone. Ancient Irrigation Systems of the Aral Sea Area: Ancient Irrigation Systems of the Aral Sea Area. Oxbow Books, Limited. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-78297-167-2.