Hanumappa Sudarshan
Dr. Sudarshan, a well-known social worker and tribal activist recognised for his work with the Soligas in BR Hills
Born (1950-12-30) 30 December 1950 (age 73)[1]
Yemalur, Karnataka, India
Other namesDr. Sudarshan
Organization(s)Sudarshan Army, Karuna Trust (India)
Known forPublic Health, Tribal rights, Activism, Gandhism
AwardsRight Livelihood Award

Dr. Hanumappa Sudarshan (born 30 December 1950) is an Indian social worker and tribal rights activist. He is known for his contributions to the upliftment of the forest dwelling tribes (mainly Soligas) in the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka. He is also a recipient of the Right Livelihood Award and the Padma Shri.[2][3]

Early life and education

Sudarshan was born in Yemalur on the outskirts of Bangalore. He graduated from Bangalore Medical College and became a medical doctor in the year 1973. He is also an adjunct professor at IGNOU.[1]


After graduation, he joined the health institutions of Ramakrishna Mission which took him to the Himalayas of Uttar Pradesh, Belur Math in West Bengal and Ponnampet in Karnataka as part of the job.[4] Instead of pursuing a medical practice in the cities, he decided to work with tribal communities and in 1980, he started the Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra for the integrated development of the tribals in the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka.[2] He is also the founder and Honorary Secretary of the Karuna Trust, which is dedicated to rural development in the states of Karnataka and Arunachal Pradesh. He claims inspiration from the man-making and nation-building ideals of Swami Vivekananda. He advocates Gandhian ideals for rural development.[5]

Sudarshan Army

Indian poet Shaunak Chakraborty got impressed by his ideology and work towards society so he decided to establish a non profit organization named Sudarshan Army on 30 July 2019 which got its name from him.[6]

Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra (VGKK)

VGKK is an organisation with a mission of Sustainable development of tribal people through rights-based approaches to health, education, livelihood security and biodiversity conservation.[7] Founded in October 1981 by Dr. Sudarshan, VGKK has worked with tribals in the Chamarijanagar district and Mysore district of Karnataka and also with tribals in the states of Tamil Nadu, Arunachal Pradesh and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and has interacted with about 20,000 people. The organisation has always had a tribal youth as its President. Jadeya Gowda, one of the first few children who was taught by Dr. Sudarshan, is the President. He did a graduation and post-graduation in agriculture and has completed his PhD from the [University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore], Presently working as Associate Professor at College of Forestry, Ponnampet.

VGKK runs a 450 pupil school for the tribes of B R Hills where the students are provided education equivalent to that provided in the urban areas. Subjects related to the tribal welfare such as environmental issues, tribal values and culture are also a part of the curriculum. VGKK also has a vocational training institute where 16 crafts are taught. As a result of the efforts of VGKK, about 60% of the Soliga tribe now get a minimum of 300 days of employment per year from the Forest Department of Karnataka and other agencies.[3]

Karuna Trust

Started in the year 1986 by Dr. Sudarshan, Karuna Trust (India) is an organisation involved with integrated rural development and is affiliated to VGKK.[8] The prevalence of leprosy in Yelandur Taluk of Chamarajanagar district was the motivation to start this trust. Another focus area for this trust is education and livelihood improvement. Karuna Trust runs 72 Primary Health Care (PHC) Centres in all the districts of the state of Karnataka and Arunachal Pradesh.

Positions held

Dr. Sudarshan has held many positions in his career such as the chairmanship of the Task Force on Health and Family Welfare organised by Government of Karnataka, the Task Force on Public Private Partnership organised by National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) of Government of India and Institute of Health management & Research (IHMR), Bangalore.[4] He was also associated as a member of Working Group 6 on Macro-economics & Health organised by the World Health Organization and was also a Steering Group member of the Planning Commission on the Empowerment of Scheduled Tribes in India's 11th Five Year Plan. He has also been the Vigilance Director for the Karnataka Lokayukta, an ombudsman organisation. During his tenure, he adopted a method of regular visits and raids to several Government departments and earned critical acclaim for this.[9]


See also


  1. ^ a b Bio-data of Dr. Sudarshan from the website of Karuna Trust DOC
  2. ^ a b c Roll of Honour for Dr. Sudarshan on his receiving the Right Livelihood Award is presented by "Roll of Honour". Online Webpage of the Right Livelihood Awards Organisation. Right Livelihood Awards Organisation. Archived from the original on 28 December 2004. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
  3. ^ a b A biography of Dr. Sudarshan is provided by "Dr. H Sudarshan". Online Webpage of Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra(VGKK). 2006, Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra. Archived from the original on 8 February 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
  4. ^ a b c A biodata of Dr. Sudarshan is presented by "Bio-data" (PDF). Online Webpage of the Institute of Health Systems. Institute of Health Systems. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
  5. ^ Urs, R. "On an untrodden path" The Hindu, Bangalore, 26 August 2005.
  6. ^ "About us". Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  7. ^ Overview of Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra is provided by "Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra". Online Webpage of the Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra. 2006, Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
  8. ^ Overview of Karuna trust is provided by "Karuna Trust". Online Webpage of the Karuna Trust. 2006, Karuna Trust. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
  9. ^ Lokayukta's surprise visits "Article on Lokayukta raids". From website of Our Karnataka. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2007.
  10. ^ Profile of Dr. Sudarshan on the Ashoka Fellows Website LINK Archived 24 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Harmony Foundation to host Mother Teresa awards on Nov 9". dna. Diligent Media Corporation Ltd. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  12. ^ "Mother Teresa Awards given to promoters of social justice". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 14 December 2014.