Iyyanki Venkata Ramanayya
Konkuduru, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh

Iyyanki Venkata Ramanayya or Ayyanki Venkata Ramanaiah (24 July 1890 – 1979) is an Indian public library activist.[1]


Ramanayya never worked as a librarian in the technical sense but he founded thousands of public libraries throughout India, and South India in particular.[2] P. Ramachandra Rao describes the Andhra Pradesh library movement;[3]

In the general context of the national library movement, the Andhra library movement was conspicuous and significant, unique and described as “swayambhuv” (self-born) by Iyyanki Venkataramanayya. It was a social movement with popular participation, organised with democratic ideals, more for imbibing political consciousness and spreading literacy rather than for mere organisation of reading rooms and systematic libraries.

Ramanayya founded literary journals such as Andhra Bharati (1910), the first Telugu-language illustrated monthly, which informed people of Telugu related information. He also founded Grandhalaya Sarvaswam in Telugu in 1916, being the first professional journal on Library Science from Vijayawada,[4] as well as the Indian Library Journal in 1924, which was the first professional journal on Library Science published in English from Vijayawada.[citation needed]

Other works

Ramanayya organised hundreds of meetings and conferences at the national and state levels. People such as Rabindranath Tagore, P C Roy, and Chittaranjan Das were reception committee chairmen or presidents of different All India Public Library Conferences organised by him in various parts of India. He was the first secretary of the Andhra Pradesh Library Association along with N. Krishna Rad in 1914,[5] as well as the All India Public Library Association which started in 1919.

Legacy and awards

Ramanayya received the award of Granthalaya Pitamaha by the Maharajah of Baroda. The Indian government honoured him with the Padmashri award.[6]

He was secretary Andhra Pradesh Library Association and organised an All India Library Meeting on 12 November 1912 in Madras. This meeting lead to the forming of Indian Library Association.[7]


  1. ^ Kaula, P.N. "A Study of Public Library Development and Services for Rural Uplift". Granthana: Indian Journal of Library Sciences, Vol 8. Issues 1–2. 2001. pg 46.
  2. ^ Satyanarayana, R. "Shri Iyynki Venkata Ramanayya and the Library Movement in India: A Personal Tribute”. Annals of Library Science and Documentation,Volume 19. 1972. pg 157.
  3. ^ Rao, Ramachandra P. “The Significance of the Library Movement in Andhra, 1900–1948”. Library Herald, Vol 20. Delhi Library Association. 1981. pg 152.
  4. ^ Singh, Sewa & Sukhbir Singh. "Library and Information Science Periodicals in India: a Study Towards Standardization". Herald of Library Science, Vol. 29 (July–October 1990): pg 202.
  5. ^ Satyanarayana, R. "Shri Iyynki Venkata Ramanayya and the Library Movement in India: A Personal Tribute”. Annals of Library Science and Documentation, Volume 19. 1972. pgs 157.
  6. ^ Prof Kaula Endowment for Library and Information Science, Silver Jubilee Report (1975–2000)
  7. ^ Library day