3 volumes of Hanyu Da Cidian

The Hanyu Da Cidian (traditional Chinese: 漢語詞典; simplified Chinese: 汉语大词典; pinyin: Hànyǔ Dà Cídiǎn; lit. 'Comprehensive Chinese Word Dictionary'), also known as the Grand Chinese Dictionary, is the most inclusive available Chinese dictionary. Lexicographically comparable to the Oxford English Dictionary, it has diachronic coverage of the Chinese language, and traces usage over three millennia from Chinese classic texts to modern slang. The chief editor Luo Zhufeng (1911–1996),[1] along with a team of over 300 scholars and lexicographers, started the enormous task of compilation in 1979. Publication of the thirteen volumes began with first volume in 1986 and ended with the appendix and index volume in 1994. In 1994, the dictionary also won the National Book Award of China.

The Hanyu Da Cidian includes over 23,000 head Chinese character entries, defines some 370,000 words, and gives 1,500,000 citations. The head entries, which are collated by a novel 200 radical system, are given in traditional Chinese characters while simplified Chinese characters are noted. Definitions and explanations are in simplified, excepting classical quotations.

Volume 13 has both pinyin and stroke count indexes, plus appendices. A separate index volume (1997) lists 728,000 entries for characters by their position within words and phrases, something like a reverse dictionary. For instance, the Hanyu da cidian enters Daode jing (道德經) under the head character dao; this reverse-index lists it under both de and jing. "Despite the fact that it weighs over 20 kilos and contains a total of 50 million characters spread over 20,000 large double-column pages," says Wilkinson,[2] "the Hanyu da cidian is an easy dictionary to use to the full because it is unusually well indexed."

Hanyu Da Cidian was consulted in the writing of The First Series of Standardized Forms of Words with Non-standardized Variant Forms.[3]


Hanyu Da Cidian

Hanyu Da Cidian by Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House

Hanyu Da Cidian by Joint Publishing (Hong Kong) Company Limited

Hanyu Da Cidian by Tung Hua Book Co.

Optical disc editions

The abridged CD-ROM version (2.0) contains 18,013 head characters, 336,385 words and phrases (without pinyin), and 861,956 citations. It includes male and female sound files for single-syllable pronunciation, and enables more than 20 search methods. It requires Microsoft Windows, with a Chinese locale setting due to its use of GB 18030.

The 3.0 CD-ROM version was released in 2007. This version includes SecuROM DRM copy protection software in its installation, possibly in response to the earlier version's ISO image being illegally distributed on VeryCD. Due to design errors, the 2007 version of 3.0 is incompatible with Windows 7 OS; rather than release a free software patch to fix the problem, the publisher began selling an otherwise unchanged, full-price Windows 7-compatible version of 3.0 in 2010.

Network editions

Network version is maintained by EWEN? (上海数字世纪网络有限公司).

See also



  1. ^ Luo, Zhufeng (羅竹風), ed. (1993). 漢語大詞典. Shanghai: Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. ISBN 7-5432-0013-9.; thirteen volumes. CD-ROM ed. ISBN 962-07-0255-7
  2. ^ Wilkinson, Endymion. 2000. Chinese History: a manual. Revised and enlarged ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center. p. 71. ISBN 0-674-00249-0.
  3. ^ 国家语言文字工作委员会 (20 April 2016). 第一批异形词整理表(试行) (in Simplified Chinese). p. 3. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  4. ^ 第二版《汉语大词典》编纂启动 将于2020年完成
  5. ^ 《大漢和辭典》、《中文大辭典》、《漢語大詞典》之比較. Kaohsiung Municipal Chung-Cheng Industrial High School.
  6. ^ 《漢語大詞典》光盤 -- 《漢語大詞典》繁體網絡1.0版(教育版). Hanyu Da Cidian.
  7. ^ 《漢語大詞典光碟3.0》. Commercial Press Hong Kong.

Further reading