Hatta
حتا
Hatta with Al Hajar Mountains in the background
Hatta with Al Hajar Mountains in the background
Hatta is located in United Arab Emirates
Hatta
Hatta
Location of Hatta within the UAE
Coordinates: 24°47′48″N 56°07′03″E / 24.79667°N 56.11750°E / 24.79667; 56.11750Coordinates: 24°47′48″N 56°07′03″E / 24.79667°N 56.11750°E / 24.79667; 56.11750
Country United Arab Emirates
Emirate Dubai
Area
 • Total140 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation
330 m (1,082 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total12,200

Hatta (Arabic: حتا) is an inland exclave of the emirate of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates.[1] Formerly an Omani territory, its ownership was transferred to Dubai in or around 1850.[1]

Geography

It lies to the south-east of Dubai's main territory and is about 134 km (83 mi) east of Dubai. It is located relatively high in the Hajar Mountains.[2] It borders Oman to the east and the south,[1][3] the Ajman exclave of Masfout to the west, and Ras al-Khaimah to the north.[3]

History

Previously known as Hajarain, Hatta became a dependency of Dubai during the reign of Hasher Bin Maktoum after the Omani Sultan Turki bin Said transferred the territory, finding himself unable to defend it against the Na'im of Buraimi, who had settled neighbouring Masfout (today a part of the emirate of Ajman).[4][5] The village was still called Hajarain as recently as 1906.[6]

The old village of Hatta includes two prominent military towers from the 1880s,[7][8] a fort from 1896[7][8] and the Juma mosque, which was built in 1780 and is the oldest building in Hatta. The traditional water supply was through the falaj system, which also has been restored.[7][9] Since it is located in the mountains, traditionally it was the summer habitation of Dubai-based families escaping the heat and humidity of the coast and trying new outdoor activities.[10]

Since the early 1980s, Hatta has been a popular vacation destination for western expatriates and local families alike for 'wadi bashing' through the tracks between Hatta, Mahdah and Al Ain.[11]

Economy

Hatta's main economic factor is tourism and water. Historically the area was able to grow date palms; the fruits were used as a food source, while the tree was used for building material.[7] It has a popular heritage village, including a collection of reconstructed traditional mountain dwellings and is popular for weekend getaways with both people camping in the winter months or staying at the Hatta Fort Hotel,[7][12][13] which is located only 2.7 km (1.7 mi) from away from Hatta Dam.

Hatta Dam was built in 1990s to supply the area with electricity and water.[7][14] Hatta Kayak is a popular tourist destination and a favourite spot for kayaking in UAE.[15][16] Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) plans a 250 MW pumped-storage hydroelectricity (with an energy storage capacity of 1,500MWh or 6 hours) at Hatta using 880 million gallons of water 300 metres (980 ft) above a lower dam.[17][18][19][20][21][22]

Sports

It is home to football side Hatta Club. Since 2009, the Dubai Sports Council has been focusing on reviving Hatta with sports and outdoor activities, such as hiking, Yoga and Rowing, paddling, and kayaking, to associate the area with such activities.[23]

Climate

Due to Hatta's higher altitude, its climate is much cooler than central Dubai. Hatta has an arid landscape and temperature, reaching 55 degrees Celsius in the summer, however, it is less humid than Dubai and far colder in the winter.[1][3]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c d "A complete guide to Hatta: what to do, where to stay and how to get there". The National. 2021-10-24. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  2. ^ "About Hatta in Dubai, UAE". usatoday.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "The wild wonders of Hatta, the hidden heart of Dubai". CNN. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  4. ^ Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. British Government, Bombay. p. 752.
  5. ^ Heard-Bey, Frauke (2005). From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates : a society in transition. London: Motivate. p. 433. ISBN 1860631673. OCLC 64689681.
  6. ^ Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Vol II. British Government, Bombay. p. 454.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Visit Hatta Heritage Village". visitdubai.com. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Hatta: The ultimate weekend adventure spot for hiking, zip-lining, mountain biking and more". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  9. ^ "Falaj Irrigation System in UAE: Method, Types, Components & more - MyBayut". A blog about homes, trends, tips & life in the UAE | MyBayut. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  10. ^ "UAE nature: 50 best mountains, deserts and beaches to explore". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  11. ^ "Things to do in Hatta - UAE". visitdubai.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Hatta Heritage Village". dubaiculture.gov.ae. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  13. ^ "Dubai Mountain Resort - JA Hatta Fort Hotel". jaresortshotels.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Hatta Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Project - NS Energy". Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  15. ^ "Hatta Dam". visitdubai.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  16. ^ "Hatta Kayaking Review: Location, Prices, Contact & More - MyBayut". A blog about homes, trends, tips & life in the UAE | MyBayut. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  17. ^ "DEWA concludes engineering studies for power station in Hatta". Power Technology. 2018-07-16. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  18. ^ "Dubai to build Persian Gulf's first hydroelectric plant, 880 million gallon 'battery'". Electrek. 2016-12-23. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  19. ^ Author, Web. "DEWA awards $15.8 million Hatta consultancy contract to EDF". www.almahroos.com. Retrieved 2022-01-03. ((cite web)): |last= has generic name (help)
  20. ^ Nagraj, Aarti (2017-06-12). "DEWA awards Dhs58m deal for hydroelectric power station at Hatta Dam". Gulf Business. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  21. ^ https://middle-east.edf.com/en/edf-in-middle-east/news/dewa-signs-mou-with-masdar-and-edf-for-phase-3-of-mohammed-bin-rashid-al-maktoum-solar-park-and-with-edf-for-hatta-hydroelectric-plant-1
  22. ^ "Dubai to build Persian Gulf's first hydroelectric plant, 880 million gallon 'battery'". Electrek. 23 December 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  23. ^ "DSC announces community sports events in Hatta". www.gulftoday.ae. Retrieved 2022-01-03.

Media related to Hatta at Wikimedia Commons