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Ikoma
生駒市
Ikoma City
Ikoma City
Flag of Ikoma
Official seal of Ikoma
Location of Ikoma in Nara Prefecture
Location of Ikoma in Nara Prefecture
Ikoma is located in Japan
Ikoma
Ikoma
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°42′N 135°42′E / 34.700°N 135.700°E / 34.700; 135.700
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureNara Prefecture
Government
 • MayorMasashi Komurasaki
Area
 • Total53.18 km2 (20.53 sq mi)
Population
 (April 1, 2017)
 • Total120,741
 • Density2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address8-38 Higashi-shinmachi, Ikoma-shi, Nara-ken
630-0288
Websitewww.city.ikoma.lg.jp/en/
Symbols
FlowerChrysanthemum
TreeQuercus gilva

Ikoma (生駒市, Ikoma-shi) is a city in the northwestern end of Nara Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. It was founded on November 1, 1971. As of September 1, 2023, the city has an estimated population of 117,259 , with 51,478 households.[1] It has a population density of 2,300 persons per km², and it has the third largest population in the prefecture. The total area is 53.18 km². The city is known as one of the most affluent affluent suburbs of the Greater Osaka Metropolitan Area (Keihanshin), with a high rate of college graduates,[2] professionals, and company directors amongst its residents. As a result, the city has developed as a satellite city of Osaka, with some 54% of its residents communiting across prefectural borders to Osaka. Kansai Science City is partially located in Ikoma, which is also home to the Nara Institute of Science and Technology. The city is also famous for chasen.[3]

Notable locations

Religious institutions

History

The city area is described in the Nihon shoki, the second-oldest Chronicles of Japan, and had been a small village outside Heijo-kyo, one of the former capitals of Japan.

From Muromachi period, chasen production began in Takayama region, the northern part of the city. Chasen is a tool used to make Japanese tea in the tea ceremony.

In Edo Period , Hozan-ji temple was built on the mountainside in the and the nearby area came to grow as gateway town for the temple. Imperial House and Tokugawa shoguns visited there for worship.

After the difficult construction of Ikoma-tunnel, which penetrates Mount Ikoma, railway to Osaka and Nara service begun operating. Ikoma Cable Line from Toriimae Station, near the Ikoma Station, to Hozanji Station and Ikoma-sanjyō Station opened for business. Also the train bound for foot of Mount Shigi and Oji station from Ikoma station. Thereafter around Hozan-ji and the midtown, which nearby the station have expanded.

After municipal incorporation of two towns to Ikoma-town, the town was elevated to city status on 1 November 1971.

Takayama region, located in northern area, began to develop as one part of Kansai Science City, then Nara Institute of Science and Technology and many private research and development facilities are built.

Higashi Osaka line connecting to Osaka Metro Chūō Line has been extended to Ikoma Station, thereby providing two routes into Osaka City.

The northern area has been developing into residential district, as a high-end residential area, and In 2006 Higashi Osaka Line was extended to this area and renamed the Keihanna Line.

This city is faced with a declining birthrate and aging population, like most municipalities in Japan and with tendency to return to the big city center like Osaka city, yet it is developing as an environmentally advanced city, as superior residential city.

Transportation

Rail

Roads

Gallery

Notable people from Ikoma

References

  1. ^ "Official website of Ikoma city" (in Japanese). Japan: Ikoma City. Archived from the original on 5 February 2007. Retrieved 24 September 2023.
  2. ^ にゃんこそば (2023-12-09). ビジュアルでわかる日本 [Looking at Japan Visually] (in Japanese) (1st ed.). Japan: SBクリエイティブ. pp. Chapter 2–4. ISBN 978-4815615208.
  3. ^ "Takayama Tea Whisks" (PDF). METI KANSAI. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 5, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2015.

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