Ileitis caused by capecitabine.

Ileitis is an inflammation of the ileum, a portion of the small intestine. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection may mimic Crohn's disease Ileitis.[1] Ileitis may be linked to a broad range of illnesses, such as sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, ischemia, neoplasms, spondyloarthropathies, vasculitides, drug-related conditions, and eosinophilic enteritis.[2]`

Signs and symptoms

When it comes to ileitis, the majority of cases are caused by an acute, self-limited form of lower right quadrant pain and/or diarrhea. However, other conditions, such as M. tuberculosis or vasculitis, can cause chronic, debilitating symptoms that are complicated by hemorrhage, obstructive symptoms, and/or extraintestinal manifestations. Unless symptoms indicate that additional testing is necessary, ileitis linked to spondyloarthropathy or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is usually subclinical and goes unnoticed.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Gurzu, Simona; Molnar, Calin; Contac, Anca Otilia; Fetyko, Annamaria; Jung, Ioan (2016-09-16). "Tuberculosis terminal ileitis: A forgotten entity mimicking Crohn's disease". World Journal of Clinical Cases. 4 (9): 273–280. doi:10.12998/wjcc.v4.i9.273. ISSN 2307-8960. PMC 5018625. PMID 27672643.
  2. ^ a b DiLauro, Steven; Crum-Cianflone, Nancy F. (June 8, 2010). "Ileitis: When It is Not Crohn's Disease". Current Gastroenterology Reports. 12 (4). Springer Science and Business Media LLC: 249–258. doi:10.1007/s11894-010-0112-5. ISSN 1522-8037. PMC 2914216. PMID 20532706.

Further reading