Other namesColoenteritis
SpecialtyGastroenterology Edit this on Wikidata

Enterocolitis is an inflammation of the digestive tract, involving enteritis of the small intestine and colitis of the colon.[1] It may be caused by various infections, with bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or other causes. Common clinical manifestations of enterocolitis are frequent diarrheal defecations, with or without nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, chills, and alteration of general condition. General manifestations are given by the dissemination of the infectious agent or its toxins throughout the body, or – most frequently – by significant losses of water and minerals, the consequence of diarrhea and vomiting.

Signs and symptoms

Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, loss of appetite.


Among the causal agents of acute enterocolitis are:[citation needed]



Specific types of enterocolitis include:[2][3]


Treatment depends on aetiology e.g. Antibiotics such as metronidazole for bacterial infection, antiviral drug therapy for viral infection and anti-helminths for parasitic infections[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ McFarland, Joseph (1904). A Text-book of Pathology: For Practitioners and Students. W.B. Saunders. p. 466. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Necrotizing Enterocolitis". The Lecturio Medical Concept Library. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  3. ^ Taxonomy. Lawson et al (2016). NCBI. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Info&id=1496&lvl=3&lin=f&keep=1&srchmode=1&unlock