Irvine, Kentucky
Downtown Irvine
Downtown Irvine
Location of Irvine in Estill County, Kentucky.
Location of Irvine in Estill County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°41′49″N 83°58′1″W / 37.69694°N 83.96694°W / 37.69694; -83.96694Coordinates: 37°41′49″N 83°58′1″W / 37.69694°N 83.96694°W / 37.69694; -83.96694
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyEstill
Named forWilliam Irvine, an area pioneer
Area
 • Total1.53 sq mi (3.97 km2)
 • Land1.46 sq mi (3.78 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)
Elevation
679 ft (207 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,360
 • Density1,618.66/sq mi (624.94/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
40336, 40472
Area code(s)606
FIPS code21-39646
GNIS feature ID0512925

Irvine (locally /ˈɜːrvən, ˈɜːrvn/) is a home rule-class city[2] in Estill County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[3] Its population was 2,715 at the time of the 2010 census.[4]

Geography

Panorama from atop Rockhouse Mountain
Panorama from atop Rockhouse Mountain

Irvine is located in the center of Estill County at 37°41′49″N 83°58′1″W / 37.69694°N 83.96694°W / 37.69694; -83.96694 (37.696835, -83.966895).[5] The city limits are on the northeast side of the Kentucky River, and the city is bordered by Ravenna to the southeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, Irvine has a total area of 1.49 square miles (3.85 km2), of which 1.41 square miles (3.65 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.20 km2), or 5.13%, is water.[4]

History

Another panorama from atop Rockhouse Mountain
Another panorama from atop Rockhouse Mountain

Gen. Green Clay established the town of Irvine on 20.5 acres (8.3 ha) of his land on January 28, 1812,[6] four years after Estill County was separated from Madison County. It was named for Col. William Irvine,[7] a pioneer settler of Madison County. The post office was established in 1813,[8] and the city was incorporated by the state legislature in 1849.[6]

Demographics

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Irvine, Kentucky" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Historical population
Census Pop.
183091
1860234
1870224−4.3%
1900260
19102724.6%
19202,705894.5%
19303,64034.6%
19403,631−0.2%
19503,259−10.2%
19602,955−9.3%
19702,918−1.3%
19802,889−1.0%
19902,836−1.8%
20002,8430.2%
20102,715−4.5%
20202,360−13.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 2,843 people, 1,259 households, and 793 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,871.7/sq mi (722.7/km2). There were 1,409 housing units at an average density of 927.6/sq mi (358.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.26% White, 0.04% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.04% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% of the population.

There were 1,259 households, out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.82.

22.9% of the population was under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,286, and the median income for a family was $25,046. Males had a median income of $28,988 versus $17,194 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,075. About 20.9% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Major employers include Carhartt.[11] Mercy Health Partners operates Marcum and Wallace Memorial Hospital in Irvine.[12]

Education

Irvine has a lending library, the Estill County Public Library.[13]

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  2. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Irvine city, Kentucky". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Irvine, Kentucky". Accessed 29 July 2013.
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 166.
  8. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky . p. 150. ISBN 0813126312. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ Irvine-Estill County Community Profile
  12. ^ About Marcum & Wallace Archived 2013-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.