Pakistan Mobile Communications Limited (PMCL)
Jazz
Native name
جاز
FormerlyMobilink
Company typeSubsidiary
IndustryTelephony and Internet
FoundedJune 1994; 29 years ago (1994-06) as a joint venture between Saif Group and Motorola Inc.
Headquarters,
Area served
Pakistan
Key people
Aamir Hafeez Ibrahim (CEO)
ProductsMobile telephony
Mobile banking
RevenueIncrease Rs. 261.2 billion (US$904.65 million) (2022)[1]
Number of employees
5,128[2] (2022)
ParentVEON[3]
SubsidiariesJazzCash
Websitewww.jazz.com.pk

Pakistan Mobile Communications Limited (PMCL),[4][5] doing business as Jazz, (Urdu: جاز) is Pakistan's largest mobile network and internet services provider formed by the merger of Mobilink and Warid Pakistan.[6][7]

It provides a range of services for prepaid and postpaid customers to individual and corporate clients. It is headquartered in Islamabad, and the current CEO is Aamir Hafeez Ibrahim.

History

Formerly known as Mobilink, the company was founded in 1994 as a joint venture between Saif Group and Motorola Inc. In February 2001, Egypt based Orascom Investment Holding bought Motorola’s shares in Jazz to become the majority shareholder with 69% control. Then, in June 2007, Orascom further purchased the remaining shares under Saif Group’s control to become Jazz’s 100% owner.

In 2010, Dutch operator VEON agreed to acquire most of the telecom assets of Orascom, including Jazz, in a $6.5 billion deal, creating the world’s fifth-largest mobile network operator by subscriber base.[8][9] In November 2015, VEON announced the 100% acquisition of Pakistan’s Warid Telecom, a subsidiary of Abu Dhabi Group. Completed in July 2016 after due approvals, the first-ever local telecom company acquisition created a combined subscriber base of 50 million.

Following the merger of Mobilink and Warid Pakistan, Mobilink was officially rebranded to Jazz in 2017. As of February 2024, Jazz has 71 million subscribers in Pakistan, among which 46 million are 4G subscribers. It has the highest market share of all mobile network operators at 37%.[10]

VEON will buy the remaining 15% shares in Jazz from Abu Dhabi Group for 100pc ownership.[11] In March 2021, VEON completed the acquisition of 15 percent shares held by Abu Dhabi Group for US$273 million.[12]

Network

Jazz has over 14,000 active cell sites in the country,[13] with over 25,000 kilometers of fiber-optic cables laid. Huawei, Nokia-Siemens, and ZTE are the primary vendors for networking equipment at Jazz, including Radio Base Stations, microwave equipment and network switches.[14]

In 2014, Jazz participated in the 2014 NGMS auction held by PTA, which allowed them to bid for a 3G license, and a 10 MHz block in the 2100 MHz band was allocated to Jazz.[15]

In March 2017, Jazz inaugurated their Network Operations Center (NOC) which makes use of IBM and Dell EMC products to manage day-to-day network operations and provides the company with 24x7 network surveillance.[16][17][18]

Radio Frequency Summary

Frequency Protocol Band Class Channel Width
900 MHz GSM/GPRS/EDGE 2G 2.4 MHz / 7.4 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS/HSPA+/DC-HSPA+ 1 3G 5 MHz / 10 MHz
1800 MHz LTE/LTE-A 3 4G/4G+ 20 MHz
900 MHz LTE/LTE-A 8 4G/4G+ 5 MHz / 10 MHz
2100 MHz LTE/LTE-A 1 4G/4G+ 5 MHz

Jazz's participation in the 2014 NGMS Auction held by PTA allowed them to bid for the 3G license, which included a 10 MHz block in the 2100 MHz band. In July 2014, they announced that they have over 10,000 3G and 9,000 4G ready cell sites. Jazz did not bid for any 4G spectrum in the 2014 NGMS auction.

Post-merger with Warid, Jazz was able to use Warid's license allowing them to become a 4G network using a 5 MHz block in the 1800 MHz band. In May 2017, Jazz won the 2017 NGMS auction held by PTA.[19] This includes a 10 MHz block in the 1800 MHz (FDD-LTE Band 3) frequency to be used for Jazz 4G. Jazz was also awarded additional 4G spectrum on 30 June 2017 by PTA.[20][21]

4G+ / LTE-A launch

Jazz has refarmed a 10 MHz block from its 900 MHz spectrum for carrier aggregation with their existing 1800 MHz 4G spectrum. The LTE-A network would be rolled out to cater for growing demand.[22] This makes them the third carrier after Telenor Pakistan and Zong 4G to officially launch LTE-A in the country.[23]

In July 2021, Jazz upgraded its existing LTE network to LTE-A Pro, with the introduction of 256-QAM and Massive MIMO. It is currently the only network in Pakistan that is offering 3CA (Tri-band) carrier aggregation and 256-QAM on its LTE network.[24]

Voice over LTE (VoLTE)

Jazz tested VoLTE in May 2017 with its partners Huawei and Nokia, announced in a press statement.

Jazz rolled out VoLTE across its network in February 2022, with supported devices including Samsung, Huawei, Oppo, Vivo, Itel, Xiaomi, Realme, Infinix and Jazz Digit branded feature phones.[25]

WiFi Calling (VoWiFi)

Jazz rolled out Voice over WiFi (VoWiFi) capabilities branded 'JazzFi' in July 2023. It is the only carrier in Pakistan currently offering VoWiFi.[26]

5G Trials

In January 2020, Jazz had reported that they had successfully carried out 5G trials with reaching speeds of 1.5 Gbps. These trials were carried out on the 2.6 GHz spectrum.[27]

Subsidiaries

JazzCash

Main article: JazzCash

Jazz had partnered with Mobilink Microfinance Banking to make an entry into the banking market, initially launched under the MobiCash brand name, it was later changed to JazzCash. It is a direct competitor to Telenor Pakistan's Easypaisa.

References

  1. ^ "VEON Integrated Annual Report 2022" (PDF). veon.com. 4 October 2023. p. 46. Retrieved 4 October 2023.
  2. ^ "VEON Integrated Annual Report 2022" (PDF). veon.com. 4 October 2023. p. 29. Retrieved 4 October 2023.
  3. ^ "Brands". Archived from the original on 2018-09-13. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  4. ^ "Pakistan Mobile Communications Limited". opencorporates.com. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Pakistan Mobile Communications Limited.: Private Company Information". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  6. ^ Junaidi, Ikram (2017). "Mobilink, Warid Pakistan become Jazz after merger". Dawn.com.
  7. ^ Ali, Samana (January 9, 2017). "Don't call me Mobilink, I am Jazz now". Archived from the original on May 27, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  8. ^ "VEON reportedly close to USD7 billion Sawiris merger". www.commsupdate.com.
  9. ^ "VEON and Orascom merge to create new mobile superpower". Mobile World Live. 26 October 2010.
  10. ^ "Telecom Indicators - PTA". Pakistan Telecommunications Authority. September 2021. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  11. ^ News Desk (2020-09-29). "VEON to buy remaining shares in Jazz for 100pc ownership". Profit by Pakistan Today. Retrieved 2020-09-30.
  12. ^ Ali, Kalbe (March 23, 2021). "VEON acquires Dhabi group stake in Jazz for $273m". DAWN.COM.
  13. ^ "VEON Integrated Annual Report 2022" (PDF). VEON. Retrieved 4 October 2023.
  14. ^ "Our Business Network Advantage - Jazz". Jazz. Archived from the original on 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
  15. ^ uzidon (2014-04-23). "3G/4G Licenses Auction Concludes, Raising $1.112 Billion the Process". TechJuice. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  16. ^ "Jazz inaugurates its state-of-the-art Network Operations Center". 2017-03-10. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  17. ^ Webmaster (2017-03-11). "Jazz inaugurates network operations centre". Pakistan Observer. Archived from the original on 2019-01-28. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  18. ^ "Jazz's state-of-the-art NOC becomes operational". Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  19. ^ "PTA Notifies Jazz as the Winner of 4G Spectrum Auction". 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2017-05-20.
  20. ^ "Jazz wins 4G spectrum licence for $295m - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2017-07-01. Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  21. ^ "Jazz Officially Awarded 4G Spectrum After it Paid 100% License Fee". 2017-06-30. Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  22. ^ Release, Press (14 March 2019). "Jazz Achieves 140 Mbps in 4G Testing". Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  23. ^ "Jazz Careers". jobs.jazz.com.pk. Retrieved 2021-05-06.
  24. ^ "Jazz". halberdbastion.com. Retrieved 2022-09-01.
  25. ^ "VoLTE - Jazz". jazz.com.pk. Retrieved 2022-02-08.
  26. ^ "Jazzfi - Jazz". jazz.com.pk. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  27. ^ Oliver, Dan (6 January 2020). "Pakistani operator Jazz trials 5G in Islamabad". 5Gradar. Retrieved 13 April 2020.