Journal of Historical Review
DisciplineHistory
No
LanguageEnglish
Publication details
History1980–2002
Publisher
FrequencyBimonthly
Standard abbreviations
ISO 4J. Hist. Rev.
Indexing
ISSN0195-6752 (print)
0195-6752 (web)
OCLC no.5584935
Links

The Journal of Historical Review is a non-peer reviewed, pseudoacademic periodical focused on advancing Holocaust denial. It is published by the Institute for Historical Review (IHR), based in Torrance, California. The Journal ran from 1980 until publication ceased in 2002.[1] Afterwards, the IHR published its Bulletin only in an online format.[2]

History

The journal was founded in 1980 by the far-right political activist Willis Carto.[3] Its subject is primarily Holocaust denial.[4][5][6] In 1985, Mark Weber joined the IHR's editorial advisory committee and between 1992 and 2000 he was editor of the JHR.

The JHR became a tribunal for neo-Nazis around the world, with the editorial board composed of Holocaust deniers, including Germany (Udo Walendy, Wilhelm Stäglich, and Georg Franz Willing), France (Robert Faurisson and Henri Roques), Argentina (W. Beweraggi-Allende), Australia (John Bennet), Spain (Enrique Aynat), Italy (Carlo Mattogno).[7]

The JHR commenced publication in the spring of 1980 as a quarterly periodical. No issues were published between April 1996 and May 1997, and thereafter continued until 2002.[1]

Criticism

Its critics include the Anti-Defamation League, the Danish Center for Holocaust and Genocide studies, and scholars including Robert Hanyok, a National Security Agency historian,[8] who have accused the journal of being pseudo-scientific.[9] When Noam Chomsky defended an author who wrote articles for the journal (Robert Faurisson), it led to great controversy, though Chomsky insisted he was defending Faurisson's right to free speech rather than any specific claims made in his articles.

The History Teacher wrote that the "[journal] is shockingly racist and antisemitic: articles on 'America's Failed Racial Policy' and anti-Israel pieces accompany those about gas chambers... They clearly have no business claiming to be a continuation of the revisionist tradition, and should be referred to as 'Holocaust Deniers'."[10]

Russian historians Igor Ryzhov and Maria Borodina commented that the fact that the Institute for Historical Review published its own historical journal "helped not only to unite the deniers into a single movement, but also to give their activities a form of pseudo-scientificness."[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Institute for Historical Review by the Southern Poverty Law Center
  2. ^ "The Institute for Historical Review / Holocaust denial / History / Auschwitz-Birkenau". auschwitz.org. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  3. ^ "Holocaust Deniers Crack-Up". The Nizkor Project. 1994-06-16. Archived from the original on 1999-10-08. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  4. ^ Blee, Kathleen M. (2003). Inside Organized Racism: Women in the Hate Movement. University of California Press. p. 92. ISBN 0-520-24055-3. In recent years, Holocaust denial has become a propaganda mainstay of organized racism. It is promulgated by racist groups and by organizations like the Institute for Historical Review (IHR), which publishes the scientific-looking Journal of Historical Review.
  5. ^ Morris, Lydia (2006). Rights: Sociological Perspectives. Routledge. p. 238, note 1. ISBN 0-415-35522-2. The pseudo-scholarly guise of Holocaust deniers is epitomised by the Institute for Historical Review—established in the United States in the late 1970s—and its journal, the Journal of Historical Review, which have provided the core of the more contemporary Holocaust denial movement (Stern 1995).
  6. ^ a b Бородина М. Ю.;Рыжов И. В. (2015). "Проблема отрицания Холокоста: история, особенности и современные тенденции" [The Holocaust denial problem: history, features and contemporary trends] (PDF). Вестник Нижегородского университета имени Н. И. Лобачевского (in Russian). Н. Новгород: ННГУ имени Н. И. Лобачевского (3): 98. ISSN 1993-1778. Retrieved 2017-04-11. издание Институтом пересмотра истории собственного исторического журнала, "Журнала пересмотра истории", помогло не только объединить отрицателей в единое движение, но и придать их деятельности форму псевдонаучностиCS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ "The Institute for Historical Review / Holocaust denial / History / Auschwitz-Birkenau". auschwitz.org. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  8. ^ Hanyok, Robert J. (2005). Eavesdropping on Hell: Historical Guide to Western Communications Intelligence and the Holocaust, 1939-1945 (PDF) (Second ed.). Retrieved 2017-09-04.
  9. ^ Berlet, Chip; Lyons, Matthew Nemiroff (2000). Right-wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort. Guilford Press. p. 189. ISBN 1-57230-562-2.
  10. ^ Petropoulos, Jonathan (1995). "Confronting the "Holocaust as Hoax" Phenomenon as Teachers". The History Teacher. 28 (4): 523–539. doi:10.2307/494640. JSTOR 494640.