King Cheng of Zhou
Posthumous depiction from the Qing dynasty
King of the Zhou dynasty[1]
Reign1042–1021 BCE
PredecessorKing Wu of Zhou[2][3]
SuccessorKing Kang of Zhou
RegentDan, Duke of Zhou
Born1055 BC
Died1021 BC
SpouseWang Si
IssueKing Kang of Zhou
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Sòng (誦)
HouseZhou dynasty[4]
FatherKing Wu of Zhou
MotherYi Jiang
King Cheng of Zhou
Posthumous name
Literal meaningThe Accomplished King of Zhou
The Successful King of Zhou

King Cheng of Zhou (Chinese: 周成王; pinyin: Zhōu Chéng Wáng; Wade–Giles: Chou1 Ch‘êng2 Wang2; 1055–1021 BC), was the second king of the Zhou dynasty. The dates of his reign are 1042–1021 BCE or 1042/35–1006 BCE.[5] His parents were King Wu of Zhou (周武王) and Queen Yi Jiang (邑姜).[6]


King Cheng was young when he ascended the throne. His uncle the Duke of Zhou, fearing that Shang forces might rise again under the possible weak rule of a young ruler, became the regent and supervised government affairs for several years. Duke of Zhou established the eastern capital at Luoyang and later defeated a rebellion by Cheng's uncles[7] the Three Guards Cai Shu, Guan Shu and Huo Shu.[8][9]

King Cheng later stabilized the Zhou dynasty's border by defeating several barbarian tribes along with the Duke of Zhou.





King Tai of Zhou
King Ji of Zhou
Tai Jiang of Pang
King Wen of Zhou (1125–1051 BC)
Tai Ren of Zhi
King Wu of Zhou (d. 1043 BC)
Tai Si of Youshen
King Cheng of Zhou (1060–1020 BC)
Jiang Ziya
Yi Jiang of Qi

See also


  1. ^ Cutter, Robert Joe (1989), "Brocade and Blood: The Cockfight in Chinese and English Poetry", Journal of the American Oriental Society, 109 (1): 1–16, doi:10.2307/604332, JSTOR 604332
  2. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  3. ^ Keay, John (2009). China A History. Harper Press. ISBN 978-0-00-722178-3.
  4. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scrubner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  5. ^ Cambridge History of Ancient China.
  6. ^ Book of Rites, Tan Gong I, 1. Accessed 4 Nov 2012.
  7. ^ Edward L. Shaughnessy in Cambridge History of Ancient China, page 311.
  8. ^ Confucius & Confucianism: The Essentials by Lee Dian Rainey
  9. ^ Hucker, Charles O. (1978). China to 1850: a short history. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-0958-0
King Cheng of Zhou Zhou dynasty Died: 1021 BC Regnal titles Preceded byKing Wu of Zhou King of China 1042–1021 BC Succeeded byKing Kang of Zhou