Lecce
Lècce (Salentino dialect)
Luppìu (Griko) [1]
Comune di Lecce
Clockwise from top left: Church of Santa Croce; Roman Theatre; the cathedral's bell tower; Lecce Cathedral ("Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta"); and Porta Napoli, in Viale Università
Clockwise from top left: Church of Santa Croce; Roman Theatre; the cathedral's bell tower; Lecce Cathedral ("Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta"); and Porta Napoli, in Viale Università
Flag of Lecce
Coat of arms of Lecce
Location of Lecce
Map
Lecce is located in Italy
Lecce
Lecce
Location of Lecce in Italy
Lecce is located in Apulia
Lecce
Lecce
Lecce (Apulia)
Coordinates: 40°21′N 18°10′E / 40.350°N 18.167°E / 40.350; 18.167
CountryItaly
RegionApulia
ProvinceLecce (LE)
Founded200s BC[2]
Government
 • MayorCarlo Salvemini (PD)
Area
 • Total238 km2 (92 sq mi)
Elevation
49 m (161 ft)
Population
 (31-8-2022)[4]
 • Total94,971
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
DemonymLeccese
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
73100
Dialing code0832
Patron saintOrontius
Websitewww.comune.lecce.it
Piazza del Duomo
Church of Santi Niccolò e Cataldo
Church of San Giovanni Battista
The Roman amphitheatre

Lecce (/ˈlɛ/[5] Italian: [ˈlettʃe] )[pron 1] is a city in southern Italy and capital of the province of Lecce, with the second-highest population in the Apulia region. It is on the Salentine Peninsula, at the heel of the Italian Peninsula, and is over two thousand years old.

Because of its rich Baroque architecture, Lecce is nicknamed "The Florence of the South".[7] "Lecce stone"—a particular kind of limestone[8]—is one of the city's main exports, because it is very soft and workable, and thus suitable for sculptures. Lecce is also an important agricultural centre, chiefly for its olive oil and wine production, as well as an industrial centre specializing in ceramics.

Lecce is home to the University of Salento.[9]

History

According to legend, a city called Sybar existed at the time of the Trojan War, founded by the Messapii. It was conquered by the Romans in the 3rd century BC, receiving the new name of Lupiae.[10]

Under the emperor Hadrian (2nd century AD) the city was moved 3 kilometres (2 miles) to the northeast, taking the name of Licea or Litium. Lecce had a theater and an amphitheater and was connected to the Hadrian Port (the current San Cataldo). Orontius of Lecce, locally called Sant'Oronzo, is considered to have served as the city's first Christian bishop and is Lecce's patron saint.[11]

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Lecce was sacked by the Ostrogoth king Totila in the Gothic Wars. It was restored to Roman rule in 549, and remained part of the Eastern Empire for five centuries, with brief conquests by Saracens and Lombards.

After the Norman conquest in the 11th century, Lecce regained commercial and political importance (count Tancred of Lecce was the last Norman King of Sicily), flourishing in the subsequent Hohenstaufen and Angevine rule. The County of Lecce was one of the largest and most important fiefs in the Kingdom of Sicily from 1053 to 1463, when it was annexed directly to the crown. From the 15th century, Lecce was one of the most important cities of southern Italy, and, starting in 1630, it was enriched with precious Baroque monuments. To avert invasion by the Ottomans, a new line of walls and a castle were built by Charles V (who was also Holy Roman Emperor), in the first part of the 16th century.

In 1656, a plague broke out in the city, killing a thousand inhabitants.

In 1943, fighter aircraft based in Lecce helped support isolated Italian garrisons in the Aegean Sea during World War 2. Because they were delayed by the Allies, they couldn't prevent a defeat. In 1944 and 1945, B-24 long-range bombers of the 98th Heavy Bomber Group attached to the 15th U.S. Army Air Force were based in Lecce, from where the crews flew missions over Italy, the Balkans, Austria, Germany and France.[12]

Main sights

Churches and religious buildings

Other buildings


Gardens and parks

Archaeology

Geography

Climate

Lecce experiences a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa).

Climate data for Lecce
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
22.4
(72.3)
28.6
(83.5)
30.4
(86.7)
35.6
(96.1)
44.0
(111.2)
44.4
(111.9)
42.6
(108.7)
40.6
(105.1)
34.2
(93.6)
26.8
(80.2)
21.4
(70.5)
44.4
(111.9)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
13.5
(56.3)
15.7
(60.3)
18.9
(66.0)
24.4
(75.9)
29.0
(84.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
27.5
(81.5)
22.3
(72.1)
17.3
(63.1)
14.0
(57.2)
21.6
(70.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
8.9
(48.0)
10.6
(51.1)
13.5
(56.3)
18.2
(64.8)
22.5
(72.5)
25.0
(77.0)
25.2
(77.4)
21.8
(71.2)
17.5
(63.5)
12.8
(55.0)
9.6
(49.3)
16.2
(61.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
4.2
(39.6)
5.6
(42.1)
8.0
(46.4)
12.1
(53.8)
15.9
(60.6)
18.4
(65.1)
18.9
(66.0)
16.0
(60.8)
12.7
(54.9)
8.3
(46.9)
5.3
(41.5)
10.8
(51.4)
Record low °C (°F) −12.0
(10.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
−4.6
(23.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.2
(37.8)
7.4
(45.3)
10.4
(50.7)
10.8
(51.4)
6.0
(42.8)
1.1
(34.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−5.4
(22.3)
−12.0
(10.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60.3
(2.37)
61.3
(2.41)
62.4
(2.46)
45.5
(1.79)
27.6
(1.09)
20.4
(0.80)
16.2
(0.64)
36.0
(1.42)
54.3
(2.14)
91.0
(3.58)
95.1
(3.74)
68.9
(2.71)
639
(25.15)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.87 6.9 6.87 6.2 4.37 3 1.9 2.24 4.77 6.33 7.77 7.8 66.02
Average relative humidity (%) 78.29 75.61 73.85 72.68 69.21 66.29 65.24 66.72 72.37 77.08 80.02 79.51 73.07
Average dew point °C (°F) 5.77
(42.39)
5.73
(42.31)
7.14
(44.85)
9.65
(49.37)
12.49
(54.48)
15.54
(59.97)
17.44
(63.39)
18.84
(65.91)
17.13
(62.83)
14.64
(58.35)
11.17
(52.11)
7.23
(45.01)
11.90
(53.41)
Source 1: NCEI(Precipitation days-Humidity-Dew Point)[15], World Meteorological Organization[16]
Source 2: altervista[17](extremes)

Sport

US Lecce crowd at the Stadio Via del Mare

Lecce is home to Serie A football club U.S. Lecce. Since 1966, they have played at the 33,786-seater Stadio Via del Mare.

Transportation

Lecce is served by Lecce railway station. The local public transport includes trolleybus service, introduced in 2012.[18][19]

People

Statue of Lecce-born saint Filippo Smaldone in the city's cathedral

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy

Lecce is twinned with:[20]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Salentino: Lècce; Griko: Luppìu; Latin: Lupiae; Ancient Greek: Λουπίαι, romanizedLoupíai[6]

References

  1. ^ L'Italia dialettale (1976). L'Italia dialettale, Volume 39. Arti Grafiche Pacini Mariotti. p. 250. Dialetto romanzi, in centric he circondano, senza allontanarsene troppo, l'area ellenofona, cioè Melpignano (dove il dialetto griko non è ancor del tutto morto), Vernole, Lecce, S. Cesario di Lecce, Squinzano, San Pietro vernotico, Cellino S. Marco, Manduria, Francavilla Fontana, Maruggio: può essere perciò legittimo pensare ad un'origine grika del verbo in questione, con estensione successiva al dialetti romani. Il neogreco presenta una serie di voci che si prestano semanticamente e foneticamente
  2. ^ The date given is for the Roman Republic named city Lupiae; dates for previous inhabitants such as the Messapians and Iapyges are lost to history.
  3. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Lecce". Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  6. ^ Rohlfs, Gerhard (1964). "Toponomastica greca nel Salento" (PDF) (in Italian). p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017. Ancient Greek name of Lecce according to Strabo.
  7. ^ "Lecce: Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Investigation on porosity change of Lecce stone". Archived from the original on 23 May 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
  9. ^ "Università del Salento". Ministero dell'Istruzione dell'Università e della Ricerca (in Italian).
  10. ^ Stillwell, Richard; et al. "LUPIAE (Lecce) Apulia, Italy". The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites.
  11. ^ Rita Parisi (14 February 2022). "Sant'Oronzo, la storia del patrono di Lecce" (in Italian).
  12. ^ "Le incursioni aeree alleate in Puglia nell'estate 1943". Il Corriere Salentino (in Italian). 25 March 2018.
  13. ^ Luigi Bove (15 February 2019). "La chiesa di Sant'Irene dei Teatini a Lecce" (in Italian).
  14. ^ Pietro Napoli Signorelli, Vicende della coltura nelle due Sicilie, Naples 1784, Vol.1, p.246ff
  15. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for 1991-2020: Lecce-16332" (CSV). ncei.noaa.gov (Excel). National Oceanic and Atmosoheric Administration. Retrieved 27 February 2024.((cite web)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  16. ^ "World Weather Information Service". World Weather Information Service.
  17. ^ "Lecce Galatina".
  18. ^ Lehmann, Jürgen (16 January 2012). "Lecce (IT) - Finally opened!". TrolleyMotion. Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  19. ^ Trolleybus Magazine No. 302 (March–April 2012), p. 43. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN 0266-7452.
  20. ^ Lecce: "Gemellaggi" Archived 19 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine, 3 November 2011, retrieved 16 August 2014