Austria first became a center of Jewish learning during the 13th century. However, increasing antisemitism led to the expulsion of the Jews in 1669. Following formal readmission in 1848, a sizable Jewish community developed once again, contributing strongly to Austrian culture. By the 1930s, some 300,000 Jews lived in Austria, most of them in Vienna. Following the Anschluss with Nazi Germany, most of the community emigrated or were killed in the Holocaust. The current Austrian Jewish population is 9,000.[1] The following is a list of some prominent Austrian Jews. Here German-speaking Jews from the whole Habsburg monarchy are listed.

Athletes

Historical figures

Politicians

Revolutionaries

Academic figures

Lawyers

Scientists

Psychologists, psychotherapists and psychiatrists

Social and political scientists

Cultural figures

Film and stage

Musicians

Composers

Writers

Miscellaneous

Others

See also

Footnotes

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  2. ^ Horvitz, Peter S. (April 2007). The Big Book of Jewish Sports Heroes: An Illustrated Compendium of Sports History and the 150 Greatest Jewish Sports Stars. ISBN 9781561719075. Archived from the original on March 10, 2021. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  3. ^ "Diving into troubled waters" Archived 2014-07-07 at the Wayback Machine, Paul Kalina, The Age, November 24, 2005, Retrieved January 1, 2011
  4. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20041222113245/http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=452&letter=K. Archived from the original on 2004-12-22. Retrieved 8 Feb 2007. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. Retrieved 2007-03-21.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ hojos, Eingestellt von. "Jakob Erdheim". www.1133.at. Archived from the original on 2017-11-14. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  7. ^ "Dr Koller, discoverer of cocaine as a local anaesthetic in ophthalmology". Archived from the original on 2007-04-27. Retrieved 2007-04-11.
  8. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Linz, Austria, of Jewish parents"
  9. ^ "Lieben". Archived from the original on 2009-10-27.
  10. ^ [1] Archived 2005-04-26 at the Wayback Machine "Growing up in Vienna in a well-to-do Jewish family..." [2] Archived 2006-02-23 at the Wayback Machine "One of the most brilliant Jewish scientists to be driven from Germany by Nazi persecution..."
  11. ^ [Gresser, Moshe. Dual Allegiance: Freud As a Modern Jew. SUNY Press, 1994, p. 225]
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2007-03-21.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Vienna of Jewish parentage"
  14. ^ Gay, Miriam (2007). "Reich, Wilhelm". In Berenbaum, Michael; Skolnik, Fred (eds.). Encyclopaedia Judaica. Vol. 17 (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference. p. 198-199. ISBN 978-0-02-866097-4.
  15. ^ Jewish Agency for Israel Archived 2006-10-01 at the Wayback Machine; The Hugo Bergmann family Papers Archived 2016-11-07 at the Wayback Machine; both accessed 11 March 2007
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2007-02-01.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  18. ^ Biography of Ernest Koliqi, Shkoder.net Authors from Shkodra Archived 2007-03-07 at the Wayback Machine: "Norbert Jokl (1877-1942), the renowned Austrian Albanologist of Jewish origin" Accessed 8 Dec 2006.
  19. ^ Jewish Year Book 1975, p.214
  20. ^ JInfo list of economists Archived 2016-01-08 at the Wayback Machine accessed 17 May 2007
  21. ^ Jewish Chronicle, April 27, 2001 p.34: "he believed that, as a Jew, he was capable of only derivative thought."
  22. ^ Evening Standard (London), 24/5/2004, p15: "Born less than a week apart, Adolf Hitler and the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein attended the institution together. There is a haunting school photograph of the young, complex, Jewish philosopher just one row away from the most evil tyrant of the 20th century."
  23. ^ Bing - [4] Archived 2008-07-06 at the Wayback Machine Rudolf Bing... had been born a Jew in Vienna"
  24. ^ "Albert Misak". IMDb. Archived from the original on 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
  25. ^ Evelyne Adler-daughter
  26. ^ Jewish: "Contemporary Review, June, 1999 by Anthony Paterson" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2006-10-30.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "the Nazi ban on his compositions - he was Jewish" Accessed 6 Nov 2006.
    born Moravia: "Composers of Classical Music" [5] Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine "Brull, Ignaz 1846-1907 Moravia, Prossnitz - Austria, Vienna" Accessed 6 November 2006.
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  28. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "he described himself as an 'unpious Jew'"
  29. ^ a b Kreisler - [6] "Jascha Heifetz, Fritz Kreisler, Mischa Elman... were all Jews, too"
  30. ^ "Archived copy". www.arkivmusic.com. Archived from the original on 28 October 2004. Retrieved 15 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ School of Oriental and African Studies, Newsletter of the Jewish Music Institute Archived 2006-08-22 at the Wayback Machine "Erwin Schulhoff, a Czech Jew executed by the Nazis..." Accessed 8 Dec 2006.
  32. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 2nd ed., art. "Schulhoff, Julius": "Born in Prague"
  33. ^ Jewish Chronicle, February 16, 2007, p.14: "he carried on as the sole Jewidh conductor of the Kulturbund"
  34. ^ Bach cantatas site Archived 2011-04-12 at the Wayback Machine "The distinguished Czech-born English conductor" Lake Placid Film Forum Archived 2006-05-23 at the Wayback Machine "Walter Susskind, a German Jew" Both accessed 4 Jan 2007
  35. ^ "The Penguin Dictionary of Musical Performers", Arthur Jacobs, ISBN 0-14-051160-1, "Under threat as a Jew from Nazi persecution, settled in Britain, 1938."
  36. ^ [7][dead link]
  37. ^ Korngold Society Archived 2006-12-09 at the Wayback Machine: "he got thrown out of Vienna because he was Jewish" Jessica Duchen, author of E. Korngold's biography; Korngold Society Archived 2007-02-18 at the Wayback Machine: "BRNO, where the composer was born"; accessed 6 Feb 2007.
  38. ^ ["Gustav Mahler Dies in Vienna". The New York Times. 18 May 1911. http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/arts/105027769.pdf Archived 2022-05-12 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 1 July 2011. PDF format]
  39. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, "born at Prague"; accessed 3 Dec 2006.
  40. ^ British Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  41. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd ed., art. "Blowitz, Henri
  42. ^ "Boris Brainin". Archived from the original on 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
  43. ^ "Fritz Brainin". Archived from the original on 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
  44. ^ Public Domain Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "FRIEDBERG, BERNARD". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
  45. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-02. Retrieved 2007-06-24.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "German-Jewish writers: Paul Kornfeld"
  46. ^ The Literary Encyclopedia Archived 2007-07-13 at the Wayback Machine: "Karl Kraus was born in Jicin (or Gitschin), Czechoslovakia (then a part of Austria-Hungary) into a Jewish family." Accessed 8 Feb 2007.
  47. ^ "Mikulov (Nikolsburg) in the 1930s (Lilly Landesman)". Archived from the original on 2007-02-19. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
  48. ^ [8] Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine "Hungarian writer Felix Salten" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2006-07-07.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Hungarian/Austrian Jewish writer Felix Salten"
  49. ^ [9][permanent dead link] "Everyone knows Walt Disney's Bambi. Far fewer know that the author of the original book was the Austrian writer, Felix Salten."
  50. ^ [10] "..Austrian novelist and journalist..."
  51. ^ "Odds & Ends, June 1998". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2022-03-20.
  52. ^ "Sonnenschein, Hugo auch H. Sonka". Archived from the original on 2022-01-21. Retrieved 2022-06-22.
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  54. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents at Vienna"
  55. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His grandfather Jacob had established the family as one of the first Jewish families to acquire great wealth and social acceptability in Bavaria... His mother came from an Orthodox Frankfurt family and ensured that the children were properly instructed in Jewish matters... He was a citizen of Austria-Hungary at his death."
  56. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia Archived 2007-03-11 at the Wayback Machine "born June 10, 1759, at Prostiebor, near Kladrau, in the district of Pilsen, Bohemia" accessed 8 Feb 2007
  57. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia
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  60. ^ [11] Archived 2006-04-09 at the Wayback Machine "two Austrian Jewish scholars - Samuel Krauss and Viktor Aptowitzer"
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  63. ^ [12] Archived 2006-12-12 at the Wayback Machine " two lay Jews Ludo Moritz Hartmann"
  64. ^ [13] "Paul Hatvani, a German Jewish refugee"