This is a list of languages and groups of languages that developed within Jewish diaspora communities through contact with surrounding languages.[1]

Afro-Asiatic languages

Cushitic languages

Semitic languages

Arabic languages

Aramaic languages

Other Afro-Asiatic languages

Austronesian languages

Dravidian languages

(both written in local alphabets)

Indo-European languages

Germanic languages

Indo-Aryan languages

Iranian languages

Italic languages

Other Indo-European languages

Kartvelian languages

Turkic languages

Creole languages

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Rubin, Aaron D.; Kahn, Lily (30 October 2015). Handbook of Jewish Languages. BRILL. ISBN 9789004297357.
  2. ^ Hudson, Grover (2013). "A Comparative Dictionary of the Agaw Languages by David Appleyard (review)". Northeast African Studies. New series. 13 (2). doi:10.1353/nas.2013.0021. S2CID 143577497.
  3. ^ Khan, Geoffrey (1997). "The Arabic Dialect of the Karaite Jews of Hit". Zeitschrift für Arabische Linguistik (34): 53–102. ISSN 0170-026X. JSTOR 43525685.
  4. ^ Khan, Geoffrey (8 June 1999). A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic: The Dialect of the Jews of Arbel. BRILL. ISBN 9789004305045.
  5. ^ a b c Weninger, Stefan (23 December 2011). The Semitic Languages: An International Handbook. Walter de Gruyter. p. 709. ISBN 9783110251586.
  6. ^ "Language Contact Manchester". Retrieved 2022-11-12.
  7. ^ "Asian and African studies blog: Judeo-Persian".
  8. ^ "A Unique Hebrew Glossary from India". Gorgias Press LLC.
  9. ^ a b "Liturgical miscellany; Or 14014 : 1800–1899 era". British Library. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d e Spolsky, Bernard (27 March 2014). The Languages of the Jews: A Sociolinguistic History. Cambridge University Press. p. 241. ISBN 9781139917148.
  11. ^ Borjian, Habib (2015). "Judeo-Iranian Languages". In Kahn, Lily; Rubin, Aaron D. (eds.). A Handbook of Jewish Languages. Leiden and Boston: BRILL. pp. 234–295.
  12. ^ Habib Borjian and Daniel Kaufman, “Juhuri: from the Caucasus to New York City”, Special Issue: Middle Eastern Languages in Diasporic USA communities, in International Journal of Sociology of Language, issue edited by Maryam Borjian and Charles Häberl, issue 237, 2016, pp. 51–74. [1].
  13. ^ "La parlata giudeo-reggiana | ESTER" [The Giudeo-Reggio speaking & # 124; FOREIGN] (in Italian).
  14. ^ Holtus, Günter; Metzeltin, Michael; Schmitt, Christian (24 February 2011). Kontakt, Migration und Kunstsprachen: Kontrastivität, Klassifikation und Typologie [Contact, migration and artificial languages: contrastivity, classification and typology] (in German). ISBN 9783110959925.
  15. ^ Nahon, Peter (2018). Gascon et français chez les Israélites d'Aquitaine [Gascon and French among the Israelites of Aquitaine] (in French). Paris: Classiques Garnier.
  16. ^ "Il giudeo-italiano: Le lingue degli Ebrei in Italia" [The Judeo-Italian: The languages of the Jews in Italy] (in Italian). 27 January 2018.
  17. ^ Fortis, Umberto (2006). La parlata degli ebrei di Venezia e le parlate giudeo-italiane [The speech of the Jews of Venice and the Judeo-Italian speeches] (in Italian). ISBN 9788880572435.
  18. ^ Colorni, Vittore (1970). "La parlata degli ebrei mantovani" [The speech of the Mantuan Jews]. La Rassegna Mensile di Israel (in Italian). 36 (7/9): 109–164. JSTOR 41283353.
  19. ^ Hary, Benjamin; Benor, Sarah Bunin (5 November 2018). Languages in Jewish Communities, Past and Present. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. ISBN 9781501504631 – via Google Books.
  20. ^ International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford University Press. 1 January 2003. p. 83. ISBN 9780195139778.
  21. ^ Katz, Dovid (October 2012). Bláha, Ondřej; Dittman, Robert; Uličná, Lenka (eds.). "Knaanic in the Medieval and Modern Scholarly Imagination" (PDF). Knaanic Language: Structure and Historical Background: 164, 173. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  22. ^ a b Lomtadze, Tamari; Enoch, Reuven (2019). "Judeo-Georgian Language as an Identity Marker of Georgian Jews (The Jews Living in Georgia)". Journal of Jewish Languages. 7: 1–26. doi:10.1163/22134638-07011146. S2CID 166295234.
  23. ^ THE GEORGIAN JEWS (from antiquity to 1921) (PDF) (in Russian, Georgian, English, and German). D. Baazov Museum of History of Jews of Georgia. p. 55.
  24. ^ "YIVO | Krymchaks". Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  25. ^ Handbook of Jewish Languages: Revised and Updated Edition. BRILL. 1 September 2017. ISBN 9789004359543.
  26. ^ Jacobs, Neil G. "Jewish Papiamentu". Jewish Language Project. Retrieved 2023-05-29.