Judeo-Iraqi Arabic
Iraqi Judeo-Arabic
Native toIraq, Israel
Native speakers
(97,000 cited 1992–2018)[1]
Arabic alphabet
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3yhd
ELPJudeo-Iraqi Arabic

Judeo-Iraqi Arabic (Arabic: عربية يهودية عراقية, romanizedʻArabīyah Yahūdīyah ʻIrāqīyah), also known as Iraqi Judeo-Arabic and Yahudic, is a variety of Arabic spoken by Iraqi Jews currently or formerly living in Iraq. It is estimated that there are 94,000 speakers in Israel (as of 2018)[1] and that just 120 older speakers remain in Iraq (as of 1992).[1] The best known variety is Baghdad Jewish Arabic, although there were different dialects in Mosul and elsewhere.

The vast majority of Iraqi Jews have relocated to Israel and have switched to using Hebrew as their home language.

The 2014 film Farewell Baghdad is performed mostly in Baghdad Jewish Arabic, the first time a movie has been filmed in Judeo-Iraqi Arabic.



  1. ^ a b c Judeo-Iraqi Arabic at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) closed access