Judeo-Iraqi Arabic
Iraqi Judeo-Arabic
Native toIraq, Israel
Native speakers
(97,000 cited 1992–2018)[1]
Arabic alphabet
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3yhd
ELPJudeo-Iraqi Arabic

Judeo-Iraqi Arabic (Arabic: عربية يهودية عراقية, romanizedʻArabīyah Yahūdīyah ʻIrāqīyah), also known as Iraqi Judeo-Arabic and Yahudic, is a variety of Arabic spoken by Iraqi Jews.


In 1992, there were 120 Judeo-Iraqi Arabic speakers remaining in Iraq.[1] In 2018, there were 94,000 speakers of the language in Israel.[1] The best known variety is Baghdad Jewish Arabic, although other dialects were spoken in Mosul and elsewhere.

The vast majority of Iraqi Jews have relocated to Israel and switched to Modern Hebrew as their first language.

The 2014 film Farewell Baghdad is mostly in Baghdad Jewish Arabic. It was the first movie filmed in Judeo-Iraqi Arabic.


  1. ^ a b c Judeo-Iraqi Arabic at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon