Judeo-Yemeni Arabic
Yemenite Judeo-Arabic
Native toIsrael, Yemen
EthnicityYemenite Jews
Native speakers
38,000 (2010–2018)[1]
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3jye
ELPJudeo-Yemeni Arabic

Judeo-Yemeni Arabic (also known as Judeo-Yemeni and Yemenite Judeo-Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken by Jews living or formerly living in Yemen. The language is quite different from mainstream Yemeni Arabic, and is written in the Hebrew alphabet. The cities of Sana'a, Aden, al-Bayda, and Habban District and the villages in their districts each have (or had) their own dialect.[2]

The vast majority of Yemenite Jews have relocated to Israel and have shifted to Modern Hebrew as their first language. In 1995, Israel was home to 50,000 speakers of Judeo-Yemeni in 1995, while 1,000 remained in Yemen.[2] According to Yemeni rabbi al-Marhabi, most of these have since left for the United States. In 2010, fewer than 300 Jews were believed to remain in Yemen.[3] As of 2022, only one Jew is believed to remain in Yemen.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Judeo-Yemeni Arabic at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  2. ^ a b Judeo-Yemeni Arabic at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  3. ^ Berer, Josh (2010-01-06). "Caught in Strife, Yemen's Jews Cling Fiercely to Their Ancient Heritage". Forward. Retrieved 2016-12-10.
  4. ^ "History of the Jews of Yemen". May 10, 2022.

Further reading