Bedouin Arabic
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Bedouin Arabic[1] refers to a typological group of Arabic dialects historically linked to Bedouin tribes, that has spread among both nomadic and sedentary groups across the Arab World. The group of dialects originate from Arabian tribes in Najd and the Hejaz that have spread since the 10th century until modern day. Bedouin dialects vary by region and tribe, but they typically share a set of features which distinguish them from sedentary-type dialects in each region.

The term can be ambiguous, as it can refer to dialects of nomadic Bedouins, dialects of Bedouin-descended populations, or sedentary dialects that have been influenced by Bedouin dialects.


The similarities between Bedouin dialects are due to their historical contact with one another, due to rapid population movements that quickly erase linguistic diversity.[2]


Eastern Bedouin features


Eastern dialects:

Western dialects:

See also


  1. ^ Weninger, Stefan, ed. (21 December 2011). The Semitic Languages: An International Handbook. doi:10.1515/9783110251586. ISBN 978-3-11-018613-0.
  2. ^ a b Magidow, Alexander (December 2021). "The Old and the New: Considerations in Arabic Historical Dialectology". Languages. 6 (4): 163. doi:10.3390/languages6040163. ISSN 2226-471X.
  3. ^ Palva, Heikki (2011-05-30), "Dialects: Classification", Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Brill, doi:10.1163/1570-6699_eall_eall_com_0087, retrieved 2023-01-01
  4. ^ Younes, Igor; Herin, Bruno (2016-01-01). "Šāwi Arabic". Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online Edition.
  5. ^ Webster, Roger (1991). "Notes on the Dialect and Way of Life of the Āl Wahība Bedouin of Oman". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 54 (3): 473–485. ISSN 0041-977X.
  6. ^ Manfredi, Stefano; Roset, Caroline (September 2021). "Towards a Dialect History of the Baggara Belt". Languages. 6 (3): 146. doi:10.3390/languages6030146. hdl:11245.1/9d3da5f3-7f63-4424-a557-8ce609adb526. ISSN 2226-471X.