Omani Arabic
اللهجة العمانية
Native toOman
RegionHajar mountains and a few coastal towns
Native speakers
(720,000 in Oman cited 1996)[1]
320,000 in UAE (no date),[1] 15,000 in Kenya (1995)[1]
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3acx
Glottologoman1239

Omani Arabic (also known as Omani Hadari Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken in the Al Hajar Mountains of Oman and in a few neighboring coastal regions. It is the easternmost Arabic dialect. It was formerly spoken by colonists in Kenya and Tanzania, but these days, it mainly remains spoken on the island of Zanzibar.

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Interdental Dental/Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
plain emph. plain emph.
Nasal m n
Stop voiceless t t͡ʃ k q ʔ
voiced b d d͡ʒ ɡ
Fricative voiceless f θ s ʃ x ~ χ ħ h
voiced ð ðˤ z ɣ ~ ʁ ʕ
Trill r
Approximant l (ɫ) j w

Vowels

Front Back
Close i u
Mid
Open a

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Omani Arabic at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Glover, Bonnie C. (1988). The morphophonology of Muscat Arabic. University of California at Los Angeles.
  3. ^ Grünbichler, Elisabeth (2015). Grammatik und Lexik des arabischen Dialekts von Buraimi (Oman). Universität Wien.