South Mesopotamian Arabic
South Iraqi Arabic
Marsh Arabic
Native toIraq
  • Basrawi
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3

South Mesopotamian Arabic is a variety of Mesopotamian Arabic spoken in southern Iraq (Basra, Maysan, Dhi Qar, and Wasit). It is also known as El-Lahja Al-Janubia, which means the dialect of Southern Iraqis.[1][2] This dialect differs distinctly from other dialects of Iraq. It has a strong Aramaic influence.[3] The most noticeable feature of South Mesopotamian Arabic is the pronunciation of the sounds /g/, /tʃ/, /ʒ/ and /p/.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "In Iraq's marshlands, researchers are racing to document a disappearing dialect - Equal Times". 2022-01-19. Archived from the original on 19 January 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  2. ^ UCL (2021-09-28). "Dictionary of Marsh Arab dialects". The Nahrein Network. Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  3. ^ Müller-Kessler, Christa (2003). "Aramaic ?k?, lyk? and Iraqi Arabic ?aku, maku: The Mesopotamian Particles of Existence". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 123 (3): 641–646. doi:10.2307/3217756. ISSN 0003-0279. JSTOR 3217756.
  4. ^ "الجيم العراقية: حقائق وأوهام". 2022-02-08. Archived from the original on 8 February 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-09.

 This article incorporates text by Saja Albuarabi available under the CC BY 4.0 license.