King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Coat of arms of Jordan.svg
Incumbent
King Abdullah II (cropped).jpg
Abdullah II
since 7 February 1999
Details
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentHussein, Crown Prince of Jordan
First monarchAbdullah I
Formation25 May 1946
ResidenceAl-Maquar, Amman

The king of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is Jordan's head of state and monarch. He serves as the head of the Jordanian monarchy—the Hashemite dynasty. The king is addressed as His Majesty (صاحب الجلالة).

Jordan is a constitutional monarchy. However, the king is vested with somewhat more executive and legislative power than is typically the case for constitutional monarchs. He is commander-in-chief of the Jordanian Armed Forces and appoints the Prime Minister of Jordan and the directors of security agencies. He also appoints the members of the upper house, the Senate, as well as the members of the Constitutional Court.[1]

The current king, Abdullah II, took the throne on 7 February 1999 following the death of his father, Hussein.

History

Further information: History of Jordan

The sons of Hussein bin Ali, the Grand Emir and Sharif of Mecca were set up as the kings of Iraq and Jordan in the aftermath of the Arab Revolt and World War I.

The Jordanian monarchy was set up in 1921, with Abdullah I becoming Emir of the Emirate of Transjordan, a post he held from 11 April 1921 until Transjordan gained independence on 25 May 1946 as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan. Once independence was gained, Abdullah was crowned the country's first monarch. The country's name was shortened to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on 26 April 1949, after the kingdom won control of both sides of the Jordan River as a result of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

Succession

Further information: Succession to the Jordanian throne

Monarchs of Jordan (1921–present)

Emirate of Transjordan (1921–1946)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Abdullah I
  • عبد الله الأول بن الحسين
(1882-02-02)2 February 1882 – 20 July 1951(1951-07-20) (aged 69)11 April 192125 May 1946Previously King-designate of Iraq for a short period in 1920.
Son of Hussein bin Ali
Hashemite
Abdullah I of Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (1946–present)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Abdullah I
  • عبد الله الأول بن الحسين
(1882-02-02)2 February 1882 – 20 July 1951(1951-07-20) (aged 69)25 May 194620 July 1951
(assassinated)
Proclaimed King of Palestine by the Jericho Conference in 1948Hashemite
Abdullah I of Jordan
Talal
  • طلال بن عبد الله
(1909-02-26)26 February 1909 – 7 July 1972(1972-07-07) (aged 63)20 July 195111 August 1952
(abdicated)
Son of Abdullah IHashemite
Talal of Jordan
Hussein
  • الحسين بن طلال
(1935-11-14)14 November 1935 – 7 February 1999(1999-02-07) (aged 63)11 August 19527 February 1999Son of TalalHashemite
Hussein of Jordan
Abdullah II
  • عبد الله الثاني بن الحسين
(1962-01-30) 30 January 1962 (age 60)7 February 1999IncumbentSon of HusseinHashemite
Abdullah II of Jordan

Timeline

Abdullah II of JordanHussein of JordanTalal of JordanAbdullah I of Jordan

Royal Standard

See also: Flag of Jordan

Royal Standard of the King
Royal Standard of the King

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jordan". Freedom in the World. Freedom House. 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2020.