|Sultan of Oman|
|Haitham bin Tariq|
since 11 January 2020
|Heir apparent||Theyazin bin Haitham|
|First monarch||Al-Julanda bin Masud (imamate)|
Ahmad bin Said (as Sultan)
1744 (Al Busaid Dynasty)
|Residence||Al Alam Palace|
The sultan of the Sultanate of Oman is the monarchical head of state and head of government of Oman. It is the most powerful position in the country. The sultans of Oman are members of the Busaid dynasty, which has been the ruling family of Oman since the mid-18th century.
Haitham bin Tariq is the current sultan, reigning since 11 January 2020.
|Imams||Tribe||Residence||Began to reign||Reference|
|Transliteration of the Arab names||Names in Arab script|
|Al-Julanda bin Masud||الجلندى بن مسعود||Azd||Sohar||751|||
|Mohammed bin Abi Affan||محمد بن أبي عفان||Azd||Nizwa||?|||
|Al-Warith bin Ka'ab||الوارث بن كعب||Yahmad||Nizwa||801|||
|Ghassan bin Abdullah||غسان بن عبد الله||Yahmad||Nizwa||807|||
|Abdulmalik bin Humaid||عبد المالك بن حميد||Azd||?||824|||
|Al-Muhanna bin Jayfar||المهنا بن جيفر||Yahmad||Nizwa||840|||
|Al-Salt bin Malik||الصلت بن مالك||Azd||?||851|||
|Rashid bin Al-Nadhar||راشد بن النظر||?||?||886|||
|Azzan bin Tamim||عزان بن تميم||?||Nizwa||890|||
|Mohammed bin Al-Hassan||محمد بن الحسن||Azd||?||897|||
|Azzan bin Al-Hazbar||عزان بن الهزبر||Yahmad||?||898|||
|Abdullah bin Mohammed||عبد الله بن محمد||?||?||899|||
|Al-Salt bin Al-Qasim||الصلت بن القاسم||?||?||900|||
|Al-Husn bin Said||الحسن بن سعيد||?||?||900|||
|Al-Hawari bin Matraf||الحواري بن مطرف||?||?||904|||
|Omar bin Mohammed||عمر بن محمد||?||?||912|||
|Mohammed bin Yazid||محمد بن يزيد||Kinda||?||?|||
|Al-Hakm bin Al-Milaa Al-Bahri||الحكم بن الملا البحري||Bahri||Nizwa||?|||
|Said bin Abdullah||سعيد بن عبد الله||?||?||939|||
|Rashid bin Waleed||راشد بن الوليد||?||Nizwa||?|||
|Al-Khalil bin Shadhan||الخليل بن شاذان||Kharusi||?||1002|||
|Rashid bin Said||راشد بن سعيد||Yahmad||?||1032|||
|Hafs bin Rashid||حفص بن راشد||?||?||1068|||
|Rashid bin Ali||راشد بن علي||?||?||1054|||
|Musa bin Jabir||ابن جابر موسى||?||Nizwa||1154|||
|Malik bin Aly||مالك بن علي||?||?||1406|||
|Name||Portrait||Reign start||Reign end||Notes|
|Makhzum bin al Fallah||1406||1435|
|Abul Hassan of Oman||1435||1451|
|Omar bin al Khattab||1451||1490|
|Omar al Sharif||1490||1500|
|Muhammad bin Ismail||1500||1529||Portuguese protectorate imposed on 15 April 1515.|
|Barakat bin Muhammad||1529||1560|
|Abdulla bin Muhammad||1560||1624|
|Name||Portrait||Reign start||Reign end||Notes|
|Nasir bin Murshid||1624||1649|
|Sultan bin Saif||1649||1679||Portuguese protectorate ended with their expulsion on 28 January 1650.|
|Bil'arab bin Sultan||1679||1692|
|Saif bin Sultan||1692||1711|
|Sultan bin Saif II||1711||1718|
|Saif bin Sultan II||1718||1719|
|Muhanna bin Sultan||1719||1720|
|Saif bin Sultan II||1720||1722||Second reign|
|Ya'arab bin Bel'arab||1722||1722|
|Saif bin Sultan II||1722||1724||Third reign|
|Muhammad bin Nasir||1724||1728||Not a member of the dynasty|
|Saif bin Sultan II||1728||1742||Fourth reign; at first in the coastal area only|
|Bal'arab bin Himyar||1728||1737||First reign; in the interior|
|Sultan bin Murshid||1742||1743|
|Bal'arab bin Himyar||1743||1749||Second reign; in the interior|
|Name||Lifespan||Reign start||Reign end||Notes||Family||Image|
|Ahmad bin Said||1710 –|
15 December 1783 (aged 73)
|10 June 1749||15 December 1783||From 1744 in the coastal region||Busaid|
|Said bin Ahmad||1741 – 1811 (aged 70)||15 December 1783||1786||Son of Ahmad bin Said||Busaid|
|Hamad bin Said||? – 13 March 1792||1786||13 March 1792||Son of Said bin Ahmad||Busaid|
|Sultan bin Ahmad||1755 –|
17 November 1804 (aged 48–49)
|18 March 1792||17 November 1804||Son of Ahmad bin Said||Busaid|
|Salim bin Sultan||11 September 1790 –|
4 April 1821 (aged 30)
|18 November 1804||14 September 1806||Son of Sultan bin Ahmad||Busaid|
|Said bin Sultan||5 June 1791 –|
19 October 1856 (aged 65)
|20 November 1804||19 October 1856||Son of Sultan bin Ahmad||Busaid|
|Thuwaini bin Said||1821 –|
11 February 1866 (aged 45)
|19 October 1856||11 February 1866||Son of Said bin Sultan||Busaid|
|Salim bin Thuwaini||1839 –|
7 December 1876 (aged 37)
|11 February 1866||3 October 1868|
|Son of Thuwaini bin Said||Busaid|
|Azzan bin Qais||? – 30 January 1871||3 October 1868||30 January 1871||Great-great-grandson of Ahmad bin Said||Busaid|
|Turki bin Said||1832 –|
4 June 1888 (aged 56)
|30 January 1871||4 June 1888||Son of Said bin Sultan||Busaid|
|Faisal bin Turki||8 June 1864 –|
5 October 1913 (aged 49)
|4 June 1888||5 October 1913||Son of Turki bin Said||Busaid|
|Taimur bin Faisal||1886 –|
28 January 1965 (aged 79)
|5 October 1913||10 February 1932|
|Son of Faisal bin Turki||Busaid|
|Said bin Taimur||13 August 1910 –|
19 October 1972 (aged 62)
|10 February 1932||23 July 1970|
|Son of Taimur bin Faisal||Al Said|
|Qaboos bin Said||18 November 1940 –|
10 January 2020 (aged 79)
|23 July 1970||10 January 2020||Son of Said bin Taimur||Al Said|
|Haitham bin Tariq||11 October 1955||11 January 2020||Incumbent||Grandson of Taimur bin Faisal||Al Said|
Unlike the heads of other Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Qaboos did not publicly name an heir. Article 6 of the constitution says the Royal Family Council has three days to choose a new sultan from the date the position falls vacant. If the Royal Family Council fails to agree, a letter containing a name penned by Sultan Qaboos should be opened in the presence of the Defence Council of military and security officials, supreme court chiefs, and heads of the upper and lower houses of the consultative assemblies. Analysts saw the rules as an elaborate means of Qaboos securing his choice for successor without causing controversy by making it public during his lifetime, since it was considered unlikely that the royal family would be able to agree on a successor on its own.
Qaboos had no children, and only one sister, Sayyida Umaima, but no male siblings; there are other male members of the Omani royal family including paternal uncles and their families. Using same-generation primogeniture, the successor to Qaboos would appear to be the children of his late uncle Sayyid Tariq bin Taimur, Oman's first prime minister and the Sultan's former father-in-law. Oman watchers believed the top contenders to succeed Qaboos were three of Tariq's sons: Asa'ad bin Tariq, Deputy Prime Minister for International Relations and Cooperation and the Sultan's special representative; Shihab bin Tariq, a retired commander of the Royal Navy of Oman; and Haitham bin Tariq, Minister of Heritage and National Culture.
On 11 January 2020, Oman state TV said the Royal Family Council, in a letter to the Defense Council, had decided to defer to the choice that Qaboos named in his will, and thus had opened the letter by Qaboos naming his successor, announcing shortly that Haitham bin Tariq is the country's ruling sultan. Haitham has two sons and two daughters.
On 12 January 2021, the current Sultan, Haitham bin Tariq officially changed the Basic Law of State, stipulating the creation of the post for the Crown Prince of Oman and appointed his first son, Theyazin bin Haitham as the apparent successor, making him the first Crown Prince of the Sultanate.
On 11 January 2021, the new Sultan, Haitham bin Tariq changed the Basic law of the state and charted out the procedures for succession in the future.
As per the new rules, the power shall be transferred from the Sultan to his eldest son and then to the eldest son of the Heir Apparent. In case the eldest son of the sultan is no more, then the power will be transferred to the eldest son of the Heir Apparent.
If the Heir Apparent has no sons, then the power should be transferred to the eldest of his brothers. In Case the heir apparent has no brothers, then the powers shall transfer to the son of the eldest of his brothers and so on as per the sequence of the ages of the brothers.
In case there exists no brothers or sons of brothers to the Heir Apparent, then the rule shall transfer to the uncles (only from the fathers' side) and their sons as per the order set by the paragraph (2) of the Basic Law of the State. It is also stated the Heir apparent must be a Muslim and legitimate son of Omani Muslim parents.
Article (3) of the Law states that if the transfer of power is made to a person aged under 21, then the power of the Sultan shall be undertaken by a trusteeship council appointed by a Royal Will and in case of non-appointment of such a council before his death, the Royal Family Council will appoint a trusteeship council comprising one of the brothers of the Sultan and two sons of his uncles.
The system of the trusteeship council shall be issued by a Royal Decree. Article (7) states that a Royal Order shall be issued on the appointment of the Heir Apparent to assume power and the prerogatives and duties to be assigned to him.
The Heir Apparent shall be sworn in before the Sultan before exercising his prerogatives and duties.
Article (8) says that in case it is not temporarily possible for the Sultan to exercise his powers, then the Heir Apparent shall assume such powers.