In mathematics, specifically in order theory and functional analysis, a locally convex vector lattice (LCVL) is a topological vector lattice that is also a locally convex space. LCVLs are important in the theory of topological vector lattices.

## Lattice semi-norms

The Minkowski functional of a convex, absorbing, and solid set is a called a lattice semi-norm. Equivalently, it is a semi-norm $p$ such that $|y|\leq |x|$ implies $p(y)\leq p(x).$ The topology of a locally convex vector lattice is generated by the family of all continuous lattice semi-norms.

## Properties

Every locally convex vector lattice possesses a neighborhood base at the origin consisting of convex balanced solid absorbing sets.

The strong dual of a locally convex vector lattice $X$ is an order complete locally convex vector lattice (under its canonical order) and it is a solid subspace of the order dual of $X$ ; moreover, if $X$ is a barreled space then the continuous dual space of $X$ is a band in the order dual of $X$ and the strong dual of $X$ is a complete locally convex TVS.

If a locally convex vector lattice is barreled then its strong dual space is complete (this is not necessarily true if the space is merely a locally convex barreled space but not a locally convex vector lattice).

If a locally convex vector lattice $X$ is semi-reflexive then it is order complete and $X_{b}$ (that is, $\left(X,b\left(X,X^{\prime }\right)\right)$ ) is a complete TVS; moreover, if in addition every positive linear functional on $X$ is continuous then $X$ is of $X$ is of minimal type, the order topology $\tau _{\operatorname {O} )$ on $X$ is equal to the Mackey topology $\tau \left(X,X^{\prime }\right),$ and $\left(X,\tau _{\operatorname {O} }\right)$ is reflexive. Every reflexive locally convex vector lattice is order complete and a complete locally convex TVS whose strong dual is a barreled reflexive locally convex TVS that can be identified under the canonical evaluation map with the strong bidual (that is, the strong dual of the strong dual).

If a locally convex vector lattice $X$ is an infrabarreled TVS then it can be identified under the evaluation map with a topological vector sublattice of its strong bidual, which is an order complete locally convex vector lattice under its canonical order.

If $X$ is a separable metrizable locally convex ordered topological vector space whose positive cone $C$ is a complete and total subset of $X,$ then the set of quasi-interior points of $C$ is dense in $C.$ Theorem — Suppose that $X$ is an order complete locally convex vector lattice with topology $\tau$ and endow the bidual $X^{\prime \prime )$ of $X$ with its natural topology (that is, the topology of uniform convergence on equicontinuous subsets of $X^{\prime )$ ) and canonical order (under which it becomes an order complete locally convex vector lattice). The following are equivalent:

1. The evaluation map $X\to X^{\prime \prime )$ induces an isomorphism of $X$ with an order complete sublattice of $X^{\prime \prime }.$ 2. For every majorized and directed subset $S$ of $X,$ the section filter of $S$ converges in $(X,\tau )$ (in which case it necessarily converges to $\sup S$ ).
3. Every order convergent filter in $X$ converges in $(X,\tau )$ (in which case it necessarily converges to its order limit).

Corollary — Let $X$ be an order complete vector lattice with a regular order. The following are equivalent:

1. $X$ is of minimal type.
2. For every majorized and direct subset $S$ of $X,$ the section filter of $S$ converges in $X$ when $X$ is endowed with the order topology.
3. Every order convergent filter in $X$ converges in $X$ when $X$ is endowed with the order topology.

Moreover, if $X$ is of minimal type then the order topology on $X$ is the finest locally convex topology on $X$ for which every order convergent filter converges.

If $(X,\tau )$ is a locally convex vector lattice that is bornological and sequentially complete, then there exists a family of compact spaces $\left(X_{\alpha }\right)_{\alpha \in A)$ and a family of $A$ -indexed vector lattice embeddings $f_{\alpha }:C_{\mathbb {R} }\left(K_{\alpha }\right)\to X$ such that $\tau$ is the finest locally convex topology on $X$ making each $f_{\alpha )$ continuous.

## Examples

Every Banach lattice, normed lattice, and Fréchet lattice is a locally convex vector lattice.