Marshall
Marshall Illinois Court House
Marshall Illinois Court House
Location of Marshall in Clark County, Illinois
Location of Marshall in Clark County, Illinois
Coordinates: 39°23′34″N 87°41′37″W / 39.39278°N 87.69361°W / 39.39278; -87.69361Coordinates: 39°23′34″N 87°41′37″W / 39.39278°N 87.69361°W / 39.39278; -87.69361
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyClark
Founded1835
Government
 • MayorAlex Ferguson
Area
 • Total3.68 sq mi (9.53 km2)
 • Land3.67 sq mi (9.49 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,947
 • Density1,076.65/sq mi (415.71/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62441
Area code217
FIPS code17-47163
Wikimedia CommonsMarshall, Illinois
WebsiteCity of Marshall, Illinois

Marshall is a city in and the county seat of Clark County, Illinois, United States,[2] located approximately 20 miles (32 km) west of Terre Haute, Indiana. The population was 3,947 at the 2020 census.

History

Marshall was officially organized by William B. Archer in 1835, eight years after the National Road entered the community.[3] The city was named after John Marshall, chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.[4] Marshall was incorporated on May 14, 1873.[5]

In 1863, Marshall was the scene of conflict in which local Copperheads, who opposed the Civil War, sought to protect soldiers who had deserted from the Union Army. In March, 1863, an army detail from Indiana arrested several deserters. A local judge, Charles H. Constable, freed the deserters and ordered the arrest of two Union sergeants on kidnapping charges. This resulted in the dispatch of 250 soldiers under the command of Col. Henry B. Carrington by special train from Indianapolis, who surrounded the courthouse, freed the sergeants and arrested judge Charles H. Constable. The judge was, however, absolved several months later after presenting a highly technical defense.[6]

Marshall was home to the Handy Writers' Colony, 1950–1964. The most famous writer associated with the Colony was the novelist James Jones, who built a home in Marshall and lived there ca. 1952–1957.

Geography

Marshall is located at 39°23′34″N 87°41′37″W / 39.39278°N 87.69361°W / 39.39278; -87.69361 (39.392848, -87.693627).[7]

According to the 2021 census gazetteer files, Marshall has a total area of 3.68 square miles (9.53 km2), of which 3.67 square miles (9.51 km2) (or 99.59%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 0.41%) is water.[8]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,885
18901,9000.8%
19002,0779.3%
19102,56923.7%
19202,222−13.5%
19302,3686.6%
19402,75816.5%
19502,9607.3%
19603,27010.5%
19703,4686.1%
19803,379−2.6%
19903,5555.2%
20003,7716.1%
20103,9334.3%
20203,9470.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
The Archer House Hotel is one of seven sites in Marshall listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Archer House Hotel is one of seven sites in Marshall listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Statue of young Abraham Lincoln at the Marshall Illinois Courthouse
Statue of young Abraham Lincoln at the Marshall Illinois Courthouse

As of the 2020 census[10] there were 3,947 people, 1,627 households, and 1,129 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,072.26 inhabitants per square mile (414.00/km2). There were 1,921 housing units at an average density of 521.87 per square mile (201.50/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.06% White, 0.63% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 1.49% from other races, and 3.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.34% of the population.

There were 1,627 households, out of which 41.49% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.82% were married couples living together, 20.34% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.61% were non-families. 23.36% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.95% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.17.

The city's age distribution consisted of 21.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 24.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,201, and the median income for a family was $65,387. Males had a median income of $40,613 versus $32,910 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,448. About 12.5% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The downtown district is centered on the county courthouse, and includes a number of antique shops. The town's major employer, TRW Automotive, operates an automotive electronics manufacturing facility, employing a thousand area residents.[citation needed] Marshall is the site of the oldest continually operated hotel in Illinois, the Archer House.

Arts and culture

Every autumn Marshall holds a Fall Festival.

The Marshall post office contains an oil on canvas mural, Harvest, painted in 1938 by Miriam McKinnie. Murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.[11]

Government

The City of Marshall City Council consists of nine members: eight aldermen and the mayor. Current officeholders are: John Hasten, Mayor (term expires 2025); Bob Nelson, Alderman Ward 1 (term expires 2025); Foster Propst, Alderman Ward 1 (term expires 2023); Vickie Wallace, Alderman Ward 2 (term expires 2021); Michael Smitley, Alderman Ward 2 (term expires 2025); Jarod Green, Alderman Ward 3 (term expires 2025); Warren LeFever, Alderman Ward 3 (term expires 2023); Joshua Sanders, Alderman Ward 4 (term expires 2023); Logan Sanders, Alderman Ward 4 (term expires 2021). [12]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Marshall Archived 2008-05-15 at the Wayback Machine from the National Road Association Of Illinois website
  4. ^ "Profile for Marshall, Illinois, IL". ePodunk. Archived from the original on August 26, 2016. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  5. ^ "Marshall, Illinois". City-Data.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  6. ^ Stephen E. Towne, "'Such conduct must be put down' -- The Military Arrest of Judge Charles H. Constable during the Civil War", Journal of Illinois History, vol 9, no. 1, Spring 2006, p. 43
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Gazetteer Files". Census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  11. ^ Arnesen, Eric (2007). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge. p. 1540. ISBN 9780415968263.
  12. ^ "Meet the Council". City of Marshall, IL. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
  13. ^ Towne, Stephen E. (2006). Journal of Illinois History (PDF). Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis.
  14. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1927-1928,' Biographical Sketch of Waalter E. Cork, pg. 278-279
  15. ^ "Ed Mayer". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  16. ^ 'Illinois Blue book 1971-1972, Biographical Sketch of John W. Lewis, pg. 45
  17. ^ 'Scholfield Dead,' The Argus (Illinois Wesleyan University), February 14, 1893
  18. ^ "Derek Eitel". MiLB.com. Retrieved December 18, 2017.