Princeton
City of Princeton
Matson Library
Matson Library
Location of Princeton in Bureau County, Illinois.
Location of Princeton in Bureau County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°22′43″N 89°28′1″W / 41.37861°N 89.46694°W / 41.37861; -89.46694Coordinates: 41°22′43″N 89°28′1″W / 41.37861°N 89.46694°W / 41.37861; -89.46694
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyBureau
TownshipsPrinceton, Dover
Settled1830s
Incorporated, City1884
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorJoel Quiram
Area
 • Total8.24 sq mi (21.34 km2)
 • Land8.24 sq mi (21.34 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
780 ft (240 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,832
 • Density950.49/sq mi (367.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Zip codes
61356
Area code(s)815
FIPS code17-61899
Websitewww.princeton-il.com

Princeton is a city in and the county seat of Bureau County, Illinois, United States.[2] The population was 7,832 at the 2020 census.

Princeton is part of the Ottawa Micropolitan Statistical Area. Due to its location where Interstate 80 meets the Amtrak system, as well as its well-preserved main street and historic housing stock, Princeton has become a popular satellite town for Chicago and the Quad Cities.[citation needed]

History

Bureau County was a New England settlement. The original founders of Princeton consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankees," descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal.[3][4] When they arrived in what is now Bureau County there was nothing but a virgin forest and wild prairie; the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, fueling the establishment of many schools, as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian.

Culturally Bureau County, like much of northern Illinois, would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture for most of its history.[4][5][6] During the time of slavery, it was a stop on the Underground Railroad at the home of Owen Lovejoy.[7][8]

The house of Samuel P. Clark at 109 West Park Ave., Princeton, IL was shown on a postcard c. 1915 and today is the county historical museum.
The house of Samuel P. Clark at 109 West Park Ave., Princeton, IL was shown on a postcard c. 1915 and today is the county historical museum.

The name of Princeton was supposedly determined by drawing from a hat:

"The naming of the township of Princeton was the privilege of the three trustees, Roland Moseley, John Musgrove and John P. Blake...each one had a favorite name to present.. but could come to no agreement; finally it was decided that it should be settled by lottery. Each man was to write the name of his choice upon a piece of paper and place it in a hat, and a stranger, being blind-folded, should make the drawing. Mr. Musgrove, coming from New Jersey, and being loyal to his classic institution, wrote upon his slip Princeton, and as it had been agreed that the first name drawn should settle the question..(on) the slip of paper drawn by the blind-folded man, Princeton was plainly written, and so we today have the classic name of Princeton for the legal center of Bureau county. Princeton, for many years has enjoyed the distinction of being one of the literary centers of the state. She has the proud record of organizing and putting in successful operation the first township high school in Illinois. It is surely a city of quiet and pleasant homes."

— George B. Harrington, Past and Present of Bureau County, 1906

Princeton's former nickname was "The City of Elms" because of the large number of elm trees the city had during the middle of the 20th century.[9] However, an epidemic struck the elm trees of Princeton in the mid-1960's and killed off almost every elm. Soon after, Princeton's slogan was changed to "Where Tradition Meets Progress".

Geography

Princeton is located at 41°22′43″N 89°28′1″W / 41.37861°N 89.46694°W / 41.37861; -89.46694 (41.378481, −89.466924).[10]

According to the 2021 census gazetteer files, Princeton has a total area of 8.24 square miles (21.34 km2), all land.[11]

Climate

Climate data for Princeton, Illinois (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1987–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
70
(21)
84
(29)
93
(34)
97
(36)
102
(39)
103
(39)
102
(39)
98
(37)
89
(32)
79
(26)
70
(21)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 30.3
(−0.9)
35.0
(1.7)
47.9
(8.8)
61.5
(16.4)
72.6
(22.6)
81.7
(27.6)
84.5
(29.2)
82.3
(27.9)
76.1
(24.5)
63.0
(17.2)
47.9
(8.8)
35.4
(1.9)
59.8
(15.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 22.1
(−5.5)
26.3
(−3.2)
37.8
(3.2)
49.8
(9.9)
61.2
(16.2)
70.6
(21.4)
73.9
(23.3)
71.7
(22.1)
64.5
(18.1)
52.2
(11.2)
38.8
(3.8)
27.5
(−2.5)
49.7
(9.8)
Average low °F (°C) 13.8
(−10.1)
17.6
(−8.0)
27.6
(−2.4)
38.1
(3.4)
49.8
(9.9)
59.5
(15.3)
63.2
(17.3)
61.1
(16.2)
53.0
(11.7)
41.5
(5.3)
29.7
(−1.3)
19.6
(−6.9)
39.5
(4.2)
Record low °F (°C) −26
(−32)
−26
(−32)
−9
(−23)
16
(−9)
28
(−2)
40
(4)
48
(9)
46
(8)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
3
(−16)
−18
(−28)
−26
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.96
(50)
2.00
(51)
2.52
(64)
4.03
(102)
5.07
(129)
4.64
(118)
3.66
(93)
4.02
(102)
3.90
(99)
3.14
(80)
2.61
(66)
2.24
(57)
39.79
(1,011)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.6
(22)
6.9
(18)
3.7
(9.4)
0.9
(2.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
1.3
(3.3)
6.8
(17)
28.5
(72)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.9 7.5 8.2 10.4 11.3 9.7 7.7 8.1 7.5 8.8 8.2 8.0 103.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.1 4.2 1.9 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.0 4.0 16.9
Source: NOAA[12][13]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,473
18703,26432.0%
18803,4395.4%
18903,396−1.3%
19004,02318.5%
19104,1312.7%
19204,126−0.1%
19304,76215.4%
19405,2249.7%
19505,76510.4%
19606,2508.4%
19706,95911.3%
19807,3425.5%
19907,197−2.0%
20007,5014.2%
20107,6602.1%
20207,8322.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the 2020 census[15] there were 7,832 people, 3,453 households, and 2,047 families residing in the city. The population density was 950.49 inhabitants per square mile (366.99/km2). There were 3,832 housing units at an average density of 465.05 per square mile (179.56/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.60% White, 1.12% African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, and 4.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.75% of the population.

There were 3,453 households, out of which 41.15% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.96% were married couples living together, 12.08% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.72% were non-families. 36.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.59% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 2.13.

The city's age distribution consisted of 19.9% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 27.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,844, and the median income for a family was $66,473. Males had a median income of $41,096 versus $23,266 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,187. About 8.5% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

South historic Main Street district in Princeton, Illinois.
South historic Main Street district in Princeton, Illinois.

Economy

View of north historic Main Street district in Princeton, Illinois
View of north historic Main Street district in Princeton, Illinois

Princeton's major employers include L.W. Schneider, Inc. Firearms Components Manufacturer, Ace Hardware Retail Support Center, LCN Closers, (a division of Allegion), MTM Recognition, formerly Josten's, makers of several world championship rings including the 2005 Chicago White Sox, all of the Chicago Bulls Championships, and the 1985 Chicago Bears. Champion Pneumatic manufactures air compressors, Pioneer Hi-Bred International (DuPont Co) and Perry Memorial Hospital.[16]

The Apollo Theatre
The Apollo Theatre

Princeton's Main Street is lined with independent shops and restaurants. The south end, or downtown, is the historic retail center of town and still contains the city's only movie theater (The Apollo), the courthouse, the Bureau County Historical Society, historic Matson library building, main bank offices, as well as more service-oriented businesses. The north end, also referred to as The Art District, is located about a mile uptown, north, and contains its own business district, park, and the city's historic Amtrak depot. In the past several years this area has undergone a transformation with the addition of upscale clothing stores and the restoration of a historic hotel building.

Major event

Each year the city of Princeton holds its annual Homestead Festival the second weekend in September. There are usually over one hundred entries in the parade. The homestead festival hosts a variety of events including the famous pork chop barbeque, a beer garden with local bands, children's events, craft show, and tasting booths.[17] The festival, which began in 1971 as a celebration of the restoration of the Owen Lovejoy Homestead, now comprises a weekend of food, celebration, and the famous Homestead Parade.

Transportation

Amtrak station
Amtrak station

Princeton is located on the south side of Interstate 80 some 100 miles (160 km) southwest of Chicago. U.S. Route 6, U.S. Route 34, and Illinois Route 26 all run through Princeton.

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Princeton, operating the California Zephyr, the Illinois Zephyr, the Carl Sandburg and the Southwest Chief each daily in both directions between Chicago and points west from Princeton.[18]

Education

Princeton is home Princeton High School, the oldest township high school in the state, founded in 1867.[19] Its mascot is the Tiger. The high school enrollment fluctuates between 550 and 650 students. The school recently finished adding on an addition to meet the students' needs. The new addition houses a larger library as well as several new classrooms.[19] The school is home to the Frank and Marion Rathje track which hosts high school football and track and field teams from around the region.

Library

Main article: Princeton Public Library, Illinois

Princeton's library history dates back to March 1886 when a location for the library was decided upon and secured. The first library was located at the building at what now is 529 South Main Street. In 1890 the Matson Public Library, located on South Main, was first opened for use by the public. It remained in use for 22 years. In 1912 the construction of larger Matson Public Library building was begun. It was located at 15 Park Avenue East. On March 21, 2006, a referendum was passed for the renovation of 698 East Peru Street, formerly known as Bogo's, to become Princeton Public Library. Princeton Public Library opened on August 1, 2007, replacing an older facility, the Matson Public Library, and has a book collection of 45,000 items, with about 27,000 square feet (2,500 m2) of usable space. The library is located on East Peru Street (U.S. Route 6). In March 2009, the Princeton Public Library was one of only three libraries in the state of Illinois to host Between Fences, an exhibit sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibits Service (SITES) and the Illinois Humanities Council. Additional exhibits include Bookstock: Celebrating 40 Years of Woodstock, and Cherry Mine Disaster Revisited, a showcase commemorating the lives lost during the Cherry Mine Disaster of 1909.

Notable people

Media

Radio stations

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ New England in the Life of the World: A Record of Adventure and Achievement By Howard Allen Bridgman pg. 93
  4. ^ a b Bradsby, Henry C. (1885-01-01). History of Bureau County, Illinois. Unigraphic.
  5. ^ Matson, Nehemiah (1872-01-01). Reminiscences of Bureau County [Illinois] in Two Parts. Republican book and job office.
  6. ^ Harrington, George B. (1906-01-01). Past and Present of Bureau County, Illinois: Together with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Prominent and Leading Citizens and Illustrious Dead. Pioneer Publishing Company. ISBN 9780608368887.
  7. ^ History of Princeton Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Past and Present of Bureau County, Illinois: Together with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Prominent and Leading Citizens and Illustrious Dead, Volume 1 by George B. Harrington page 103
  9. ^ A., Belden, David (2010). Princeton. Bureau County Historical Society. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia. p. 7. ISBN 9780738578187. OCLC 648936368.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Gazetteer Files". Census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  12. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  13. ^ "Station: Princeton, IL". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  16. ^ "City of Princeton – Major Industries". princeton-il.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-04-13.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2010-03-15.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Amtrak – Stations – Princeton, IL (PCT)". Amtrak.com. Retrieved 2007-04-03.
  19. ^ a b "Princeton High School Student Handbook". phs-il.org. Archived from the original on 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-04-13.
  20. ^ "Parr Builds a Mission With Words and Technology". Bureau County Republican. 2009-12-28.
  21. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 167-1968,' Biographical Sketch of Joseph R. Peterson, pg. 174–175
  22. ^ "Joseph Ruklick". databaseBasketball.com. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2012.