The Meitei calendar (Meitei: ꯃꯩꯇꯩ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Manipuri calendar (Meitei: ꯃꯅꯤꯄꯨꯔꯤ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Kangleipak calendar (Meitei: ꯀꯪꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Maliyapham Palcha Kumshing (Meitei: ꯃꯂꯤꯌꯥꯐꯝ ꯄꯥꯜꯆꯥ ꯀꯨꯝꯁꯤꯡ) is a lunar calendar used by the Meitei people of Manipur for their religious as well as agricultural activities. The concept of era in Meitei was first developed by Emperor Maliyafam Palcha, in the year 1397 BC (Palcha Era)[1] in the kingdom of Kangleipak in present-day Manipur. It is believed that the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th and 7th months of the Meitei calendar were named after Poireiten's agricultural activities. Similar to Georgian calendar, the Meitei calendar also consists of twelve months and seven days but the starting date with the English calendar is different.[2][3] The new year day known as, Sajibu Cheiraoba is celebrated on the 1st day of the month Sajibu.

Days

Sl. No. Ancient Meitei Latin-Roman transliteration Modern Meitei Latin-Roman transliteration Roman equivalents Ruling heavenly bodies
1 ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯥꯢꯆꯤꯡ Nongmaiching ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯥꯢꯖꯤꯡ Nongmaijing Sunday Sun
2 ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯀꯥꯄ Ningthoukaapa ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯀꯥꯕ Ningthoukaaba Monday Moon
3 ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛꯄꯣꯛꯄ Leipaakpokpa ꯂꯩꯕꯥꯛꯄꯣꯛꯄ Leibaakpokpa Tuesday Mars
4 ꯌꯨꯝꯁꯥꯀꯩꯁꯥ Yumsakeisa ꯌꯨꯝꯁꯀꯩꯁ Yumsakeisa Wednesday Mercury
5 ꯁꯥꯀꯣꯜꯁꯦꯟ Sakolsen ꯁꯒꯣꯜꯁꯦꯟ Sagolsen Thursday Jupiter
6 ꯏꯂꯥꯢ Eelai ꯏꯔꯥꯢ Eerai Friday Venus
7 ꯊꯥꯡꯆ Thaangcha ꯊꯥꯡꯖ Thaangja Saturday Saturn

Months

Ancient Meitei Latin-Roman transliteration Modern Meitei Latin-Roman transliteration Gregorian-Roman equivalents
ꯁꯆꯤꯐꯣꯢ (ꯆꯤꯟꯄꯤ) Sachiphoy (Chinpi) ꯁꯖꯤꯕꯨ Sajibu Apr-May
ꯀꯥꯟꯄꯤ Kaanpee ꯀꯥꯂꯦꯟ Kaalen May-Jun
ꯑꯁꯥꯎ Asaau ꯏꯉꯥ Ee-ngaa Jun-Jul
ꯍꯥꯂꯦꯡ Haaleng ꯏꯉꯦꯟ Ee-ngen Jul-Aug
ꯋꯥꯟꯇꯠ Waantat ꯊꯧꯋꯥꯟ Thouwaan Aug-Sept
ꯑꯆꯤꯠ (ꯂꯥꯡꯄꯟ) Achit (Laangpan) ꯂꯥꯡꯕꯟ Laangban Sept-Oct
ꯑꯥꯂꯦ (ꯃꯦꯂꯥ) Aale (Melaa) ꯃꯦꯔꯥ Meraa Oct-Nov
ꯆꯤꯛꯊꯝ (ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯀꯩ) Chiktham (Hiyaangkei) ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯒꯩ Heeyaangei Nov-Dec
ꯎꯟꯊꯝ Untham ꯄꯣꯢꯅꯨ Poinu Dec-Jan
ꯏꯟꯊꯝ Eentham ꯋꯥꯛꯆꯤꯡ Waakching Jan-Feb
ꯑꯁꯤꯠ (ꯐꯥꯢꯂꯦꯜ) Ashit (Phailel) ꯐꯥꯢꯔꯦꯜ Fairel Feb-Mar
ꯊꯥꯄꯤ Thaapee ꯂꯝꯇꯥ Lamtaa Mar-Apr

Important days

Preservation

Many social associations and organizations are preserving and promoting the traditional calendar of the Meitei ethnicity of Manipur.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ "The Puya and Cheitharol Kumbaba". e-pao.net.
  2. ^ "Names of 12 months of Kangleipak concepts and significances". e-pao.net.
  3. ^ "Nanao Meetei Calendar 2015 2016 In Meitei Mayek 201504". e-pao.net.
  4. ^ "SEACO celebrates its 9th foundation day : 06th aug19 ~ E-Pao! Headlines". e-pao.net.
  5. ^ "Kangleipak Calendar Board anniv held : 21st may14 ~ E-Pao! Headlines". e-pao.net.