|Headquarters||Nagoya, Aichi, Japan|
|Makoto Maki (CEO)|
Number of employees
|50 MELCO group related: 824|
Melco Holdings Inc. is a family business founded by Makoto Maki in 1975 and is located in Japan. The company's most recognizable brand is Buffalo Inc.
Buffalo Inc. is currently one of the 14 subsidiaries of Melco Holdings Inc., initially founded as an audio equipment manufacturer, the company entered the computer peripheral market in 1981 with an EEPROM writer. The name BUFFALO is derived from one of company's first products, a printer buffer and the name for the American Bison (Buffalo).
Melco's name stands for Maki Engineering Laboratory COmpany.
Melco Holdings Inc. was incorporated in 1986; currently its subsidiaries are involved in the manufacture of random-access memory products, Flash memory products, USB products, CD-ROM/DVD-RW drives, hard disk drives, local area network products, printer buffers, liquid-crystal displays, Microsoft Windows accelerators, personal computer components and CPU accelerators. A subsidiary of Melco provides corporate services in Japan like Internet set-up, computer terminal installation/set-up, computer education and computer maintenance. The company has also started selling solid-state drives in Japan.
Buffalo Technology (USA) is the North American subsidiary of the group and is based in Austin, Texas. The company has been first to market on a number of new technologies.
January 1999 – First Wireless Router
December 2002 – First Draft-11g Wi-Fi Products Shipped
November 2003 – First NAS Appliance
January 2005 – First RAID NAS Appliance
April 2006 – First Draft-11n Wi-Fi Products Shipped
November 2009 – First USB 3.0 Storage
January 2012 – First Draft-11ac Wi-Fi Solution Demonstrated at CES
May 2012 – First Draft-11ac Wi-Fi products shipped 
June 2012 – First Thunderbolt + USB 3.0 Hybrid Device
May 2013 – First DDR Memory Buffer DAS Drive 
In late 2006, the Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) won a lawsuit against Buffalo Inc. under which it would receive a royalty for every WLAN product worldwide. The lawsuits basis was that CSIRO was granted US patent 5487069 in 1996, which grants elements of 802.11a/g wireless technology that had become an industry standard. In June 2007, the federal court in Texas granted an injunction to prevent any more wireless products from shipping until a license agreement had been reached. On September 19, 2008, the Federal Circuit ruled in Buffalo's favor and has remanded this case to the district court ruling that the district court's Summary Judgment was insufficient on the merits of obviousness of CSIRO's patent. Therefore, this case will be tried again before the district court. In this connection Buffalo is hopeful that it will shortly be permitted to, once again, sell IEEE 802.11a and 802.11g compliant products in the United States.