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Michael Curb
Curb in 1972
42nd Lieutenant Governor of California
In office
January 8, 1979 – January 3, 1983
GovernorJerry Brown
Preceded byMervyn M. Dymally
Succeeded byLeo T. McCarthy
Personal details
Born
Michael Curb

(1944-12-24) December 24, 1944 (age 79)
Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Alma materCalifornia State University, Northridge

Michael Curb (born December 24, 1944)[1] is an American musician, record company executive, motorsports car owner, philanthropist, and former politician. He is also the founder and chairman of Curb Records. Curb also serves as Chairman of Word Entertainment.[2] He was inducted into the West Coast Stock Car Hall of Fame in 2006.[3] A Republican, Curb served as the 42nd lieutenant governor of California from 1979 to 1983. As of 2024, he is the most recent Republican to be elected to Lieutenant Governor of California to date.

Early life and education

Curb was born in Savannah, Georgia to Charles McCloud Curb and Stella (Stout) Curb.[1] He grew up in Southern California's San Fernando Valley. He has one sister. After attending Grant High School, he attended San Fernando Valley State College (now California State University, Northridge).[4][5] His maternal grandmother was of Mexican heritage.[6]

Career

Music

In 1963 at the age of 18, Curb formed Sidewalk Records and helped launch the careers of multiple West Coast rock and roll artists.[7] Sidewalk later merged with MGM Records before eventually becoming Curb Records.[8]

Curb scored the music for the short film Skaterdater (1965),[9][10] as well as The Wild Angels (1966),[11] Thunder Alley[12] (1967), Devil's Angels[13] (1967), The Born Losers (1967) (the first of the Billy Jack films),[14] Maryjane[15] (1968), The Wild Racers[16] (1968), The Savage Seven[17] (1968), The Big Bounce[18] (1969), The Sidehackers[19] (1969) and Black Water Gold[20] (1970). In 1969, his company merged with MGM Records and he became president of both MGM Records and Verve Records.[21] Curb composed or supervised more than 50 film scores and wrote more than 400 songs.[22]

In 1969, he co-wrote a new theme for the TV series American Bandstand, which was used until 1974.[23][24][25]

Curb (center) with members of the Mike Curb Congregation and Davy Jones on a television special in 1972.

Curb had a Top 40 pop hit in early 1971 with the title cut from his album Burning Bridges[26] (written and composed by Lalo Schifrin and Mike Curb) which was used as the theme of Brian G. Hutton's film, starring Clint Eastwood, Kelly's Heroes.[27] The song reached No. 1 in South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.[28]

The Mike Curb Congregation had an adult contemporary chart hit in 1970 with the song "Sweet Gingerbread Man" from the film The Magic Garden of Stanley Sweetheart and had a Top Ten Billboard AC hit in 1973 with the Sherman Brothers composition "It's a Small World".[29] Also in 1970, they performed the title song for Frank Sinatra's Dirty Dingus Magee and the theme song "I Was Born In Love With You" from Wuthering Heights. The group was featured on Sammy Davis Jr.'s No. 1 Billboard Hot 100 hit of 1972, "The Candy Man" (the Aubrey Woods version was featured in the film Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory). They sang backup on Jud Strunk's 1973 hit "Daisy a Day".[30]

The group was featured regularly on Glen Campbell's CBS television show.[31] In 1969, Curb signed Christian rock pioneer Larry Norman, DeGarmo & Key, 2nd Chapter of Acts, and Debby Boone - artists considered to be the earliest contemporary Christian music artists.[32] Curb wrote and produced music for the Hanna-Barbera animated series Cattanooga Cats. The theme for the cartoon series Hot Wheels is credited to Mike Curb and the Curbstones.[33]

In the 1970s, Curb wrote and produced for Roy Orbison, Marie Osmond and the Osmond Family, Lou Rawls, Sammy Davis Jr. and Solomon Burke; he also signed artists such as the Sylvers, Eric Burdon, War, Richie Havens, the Five Man Electrical Band, Gloria Gaynor, Johnny Bristol, Exile, The Four Seasons and the Dutch singer Heintje Simons and The Mob (Chicago band). Curb ran a short-lived country music subsidiary label for Motown called Hitsville Records.[34] He co-wrote the lyrics for "It Was a Good Time". He received BMI awards for composing "Burning Bridges" for Clint Eastwood's Kelly's Heroes, and for composing "All for the Love of Sunshine".[citation needed]

Curb served as chairman of the Inaugural Youth Concert for President Richard Nixon's second term on January 20, 1973.[35] He enlisted many artists from MGM records as well as others to perform for the historic event. Solomon Burke, The Mob, Jimmy Osmond, Tommy Roe, Ray Stevens, The Sylvers, The Don Costa Orchestra, and Laurie Lea Schaefer were on the stage for the young audience. He served as emcee for the program.[36]

In 2021, Fisk Jubilee Singers won Grammy awards for Celebrating Fisk! (The 150th Anniversary Album) under Best Roots Gospel Album category. The album was produced under the label of Curb Records, under the auspices of Curb and Paul Kwami, of which Mike Curb and Paul Kwami won a GRAMMY Award.[37][38][39]

Curb Records marked its 60th anniversary in 2023, with Mike Curb still at the helm. Over the years, Curb Records has been home to Wynonna Judd, Tim McGraw, LeAnn Rimes, Hank Williams Jr., the Judds, Lyle Lovett, Natalie Grant, Ray Stevens, Rodney Atkins, Jo Dee Messina, Sawyer Brown, Lee Brice, Dylan Scott, Harper Grace and for KING & COUNTRY.[40]

MGM anti-drug controversy

In 1969 Mike Curb merged his company with MGM and became President of MGM Records at the age of 24.[41] Curb has always disputed that any acts were dropped from MGM only for drug-related reasons, nevertheless, in 1970, Billboard reported that Curb fired 18 acts for what Curb believed was their promotion of hard drugs in their songs.[42] Curb said, "Drug groups are the cancer of the industry. Their effect on young people who are their fans or followers is devastating. When they appear smashed out of their minds and describe musically a great experience they had on LSD, they are glorifying hard drugs. I credit hard drug record acts with hundreds and hundreds of new young drug users."[43] President Richard Nixon, who was staunchly anti-drug, publicly praised Curb: "Your forthright stand against drug abuse is a responsible contribution to the welfare of your country and specifically to the millions of young Americans who buy records."

Billboard reported that Curb was alarmed by the drug-related deaths of Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, and Alan Wilson of Canned Heat.[42] Among the musicians incorrectly thought to be included in the purge were The Velvet Underground and Frank Zappa's group The Mothers of Invention; however, Zappa spoke out against drug use throughout his career and, by early 1969, had fulfilled his MGM/Verve contract and moved to his own Bizarre Records label, distributed by Warner Bros. The Velvet Underground had already left the label by then to sign with Atlantic Records, who released their fourth studio album Loaded.[44] Also, when Eric Burdon, who was an advocate of psychedelics, dared Curb to release him from his contract although he was his biggest selling artist, Curb acquiesced.[45][46] Burdon also launched a campaign—by distributing bumper stickers—called Curb the Clap.[47]

Curb claimed industry support, and the record company official he cited was Bill Gallagher, the president of Paramount Records.[48] Columbia Records president Clive Davis said Curb was "grandstanding", and that his anti-drug stance had made him "a minor hero of the Nixon administration."[49] In 1997, Curb stated the affair had happened at a time when "you were considered a freak if you spoke out against drugs."[46]

Political career

Signatures from a resolution signed by Curb in his ceremonial role of President of the California State Senate

Encouraged to enter politics in part by Ronald Reagan, Curb was elected Lieutenant Governor of California in 1978, defeating the incumbent Democrat, Mervyn M. Dymally. Democratic candidate Jerry Brown was re-elected governor in the same year. During much of Brown's 1979–1980 bid to become the Democratic presidential candidate, Curb was acting governor, vetoing legislation, issuing executive orders and making appointments; actions the California Supreme Court upheld as Curb's constitutional prerogative.[50] According to the December 28, 1979, edition of the San Francisco Chronicle, "...the California Supreme Court ruled yesterday that when the governor is out of state, the lieutenant governor is free to exercise all powers of the chief executive...".[51]

Curb worked with Harvey Milk on the campaign against the Briggs Initiative, a ballot initiative that would have banned gays and lesbians from working in public schools. Once he persuaded President Reagan to oppose it, it was defeated. Curb has been a leading conservative supporter of gay rights ever since.[52][dead link] In 2023, Curb achieved a major victory in his challenge to Tennessee Governor Bill Lee, where the court declared it unconstitutional to force private businesses to post discriminatory LGBT signs.[53]

In 1982, Curb ran for governor, but lost the party nomination to California Attorney General George Deukmejian. In 1986, Curb ran again for lieutenant governor as the Republican nominee against the incumbent Democrat, Leo T. McCarthy, in a bitterly contested race, largely run on the issue of punishment for drug trafficking and violent crimes. A vocal opponent of drug use, Curb advocated extension of the death penalty to include drug pushers whose narcotics trafficking resulted in a death.[54] As of 2024, he is the last Republican elected lieutenant governor; Abel Maldonado was appointed to the position by then Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in 2010 to fill the lieutenant gubernatorial office and position vacancy when John Garamendi resigned to take a seat in Congress but lost the subsequent election to then San Francisco mayor and later future Governor Gavin Newsom. In 1980, Curb was co-chairman of Ronald Reagan's successful presidential campaign. Curb was also chairman of the convention program in Detroit and was later appointed by Reagan to be chairman of the national finance committee.[55]

Involvement in car racing

A motorsport enthusiast, Curb is a co-owner of the Curb Agajanian Performance Group, a team that has won 10 national championships. His sponsorship and ownership have included three of NASCAR's most celebrated drivers: he previously owned Richard Petty's famed No. 43 car in 1984 and 1985, during which Petty achieved his 199th and 200th career wins. Curb was also a sponsor for Dale Earnhardt during his 1980 Winston Cup championship winning season, and sponsored Darrell Waltrip's No. 12 Toyota Tundra in the Craftsman Truck Series, driven by Joey Miller in 2006. Curb-Agajanian also ran cars for many years in the Indianapolis 500, including for Dan Wheldon and Alexander Rossi, with whom he won the 2011 and 2016 Indianapolis 500s respectively.[55]

Curb was the only car owner to win in all 10 NASCAR auto racing series in the United States – the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series (formerly Nextel/Sprint Cup and Winston Cup), the Xfinity Series (formerly the Nationwide series and Busch Series), the Gander Outdoors Truck Series (formerly the Camping World Truck Series and Craftsman Truck Series), the Grand-Am Rolex Daytona Prototype National Sports Car Series (now the United Sports Car Series merged with American Le Mans), the IMSA GT Series (formerly IMSA Camel GT), Continental Series (formerly IMSA GTS), the Late Model All American Series, the Modifieds and the K&N East and West Series.[56]

Rico Abreu's 2014 USAC Midget car

Curb was the co-owner with Richard Childress of the No. 98 Chevrolet driven by Austin Dillon.[56] Curb is also a long-time sponsor of ThorSport Racing in the Truck Series, being part-owner of the team's No. 98 Ford driven by Grant Enfinger. He also maintained a similar partnership with Phil Parsons Racing in the Cup Series, which also ran the No. 98. The Curb Racing team has cars in United States Automobile Club (USAC) competition. Their drivers Christopher Bell and Rico Abreu won the 2013 and 2014 USAC National Midget tours.[57][58]

Elvis House

In 2006, Curb purchased a house at 1034 Audubon Drive, Memphis, which was once owned by Elvis Presley.[59] Curb renovated the house and turned it over to the Mike Curb Institute at Rhodes College.[59]

Awards and honors

In Nashville, Curb has become a civic leader and benefactor of Belmont University, where his donation toward the construction of a new arena resulted in it being named the Curb Event Center. The university runs the Mike Curb College of Entertainment and Music Business. Curb endowed the Curb Center and the Curb Creative Campus program at Vanderbilt University and the Mike Curb Institute of Music at Rhodes College in Memphis.

In 2001, Curb was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame. Curb was inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame in 2003 and the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame in 2009.[60]

In August 2006,[61] Curb pledged $10 million to California State University, Northridge (CSUN) (in Los Angeles) to endow his alma mater's arts college and provide a lead gift for the university's regional performing arts center. Of the $10 million gift, $5 million supported CSUN's College of Arts, Media, and Communication, one of the university's largest colleges that offers degree and certificate programs for more than 4,400 students. Of the gift, $4 million went into a general endowment for the college, and $1 million endowed a faculty chair specializing in music industry studies. As a result, the college was named in his honor. Studies with in the Mike Curb College of Arts, Media, and Communication include Media, Arts, Music, Business, Journalism, and Communication Studies.

On June 29, 2007, Curb was honored with the 2,341st star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[62]

CSU Channel Islands dedicated the Mike Curb Studio in Napa Hall at the Camarillo, California campus on October 21, 2010. The studio is a post-production and film and video production facility.[63][64]

In 2014, Curb was inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum in Nashville, Tennessee[65] and in 2016, he was inducted into the Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame.[66] He was awarded Ray Fox Memorial Award of Living Legends of Auto Racing in Daytona in 2017.[67] In 2018, Racers Reunion featured him in Men Who Changed Racing with Harry Miller and Sam Nunis.[68] Curb was inducted to North Carolina Music Hall of Fame in the same year for his "contributions and support of the Hall of Fame".[69][70] In 2019, Curb received Junior Achievement National Centennial Leadership Award from Junior Achievement.[71]

Discography

Albums

Year Album US
1970 Come Together 105
Sweet Gingerbread Man 185
1971 Burning Bridges and Other Motion Picture Themes 117
Put Your Hand in the Hand 205
1972 Softly Whispering I Love You 206
Song for a Young Love --
1973 It's a Small World Unreleased (test pressings exist, MGM SE-4900[72])

Collaboration albums

Year Album US Country
1971 All for the Love of Sunshine (with Hank Williams, Jr.) 10
1972 Great Balls of Fire

Singles

Year Single Peak chart positions
US AC US
[73][74]
CA AU
[75]
NZ
[76]
SA
[77]
1970 "Burning Bridges" 16 34 40 12 1 1
1971 "Sweet Gingerbread Man" 16 115 95
1972 "See You in September" 15 108
"Softly Whispering I Love You" 1
1973 "It's a Small Small World" 9 108

Guest singles

Year Single Peak chart positions Album
US Country US
[78]
US AC CAN Country CAN CAN AC
1970 "All for the Love of Sunshine" (with Hank Williams Jr.) 1 1 All for the Love of Sunshine
"Rainin' in My Heart" (with Hank Williams Jr.) 3 108 2
1971 "Ain't That a Shame" (with Hank Williams Jr.) 7 16 Hank Williams, Jr.'s Greatest Hits Vol. II
1972 "Living Together, Growing Together" (with Tony Bennett) 111 single only
"The Candy Man" (with Sammy Davis Jr.)[79] 1 1 single only
"The People Tree" (with Sammy Davis Jr.)[79] 92 16 single only
1973 "Long Haired Lover From Liverpool" (with Jimmy Osmond)[79] 38 single only (#1 in UK)
1976 "Sing My Love Song" (with Al Martino) 24 single only

See also

References

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Political offices Preceded byMervyn M. Dymally Lieutenant Governors of California 1979–1983 Succeeded byLeo T. McCarthy