Muktanand Swami

Muktanand Swami (1758–1830), born Mukunddas, was a swami and paramahansa of the Swaminarayan Sampradaya.[1]


He was born Mukunddas to Anandram and Radhabai in Amrapur village (Dist-Amreli), Gujarat in 1758.[2]

While children of his age group were indulging in sports and games, Mukunddas sat quietly in seclusion with closed eyes. Mukunddas learned Vedas, scriptures and music from two teachers, Jaduram and Hathiram, who were scholars in literature and fine arts.[2]

Muktanand Swami was also regarded as the incarnation of Naradji.

Muktanand Swami was considered the principal disciple of Ramanand Swami. He mastered the eight folded yogic state.[3]

Swaminarayan and Muktanand Swami

In Loj, Shukhanand Swami a fellow swami and devotee residing at the hermitage found a young swami with divine aura bathing by a well near the village. Impressed by the sight of the divine by the young brahmachari to hermitage and introduced him to Muktanand Swami. Muktanand Swami found himself drawn towards the divine presence of the youthful saint and coming forward offered pranams. On a mutual introduction, Muktanand Swami gathered that the visitor was the son of DharmaDev and BhaktiDevi, and had spent seven years in the seclusion of the mountains and forests. His present name was Varniraj (forestdweller) Nilkanth Varni (Swaminarayan). Muktanand Swami asked Nilkanth Varni to stay in Loj until Ramanand Swami returned the following year.[4]

Satsang gives great importance to Muktanand Swami, because the foundation of this great sect was laid by him by closing interactive window between hermitage and neighbour, and separated women from the gents in Satsang Sabha on instance from Nilkanth Varni.[5]

He, though in age was senior to Nilkanth Varni (renamed Sahajanand Swami by Ramanand Swami), but in succession to Ramanand Swami he proposed Sahajanand Swami as the successive preceptor and head of the sect. In 1801, Muktanand Swami accepted Ramanand Swami's appointment of Nilkanth Varni as leader of the spiritual tradition.[4]:18, 83 Thus Muktanand Swami lived under the auspices of Sahajanand Swami who always respected him like a Guru.[6]

In the Swaminarayan Sampradaya, he is known as "the mother of Satsang," a title given by Swaminarayan,[2] due to his affection and care for swamis.[7] He chose Muktanand Swami to represent the Swaminarayan Sampradaya at the Gathering of Vadodara, where the latter was victorious.

Currently, Muktanand Swami's lineage continues with the great saint, HDH Sadguru Shastri Shri Ghanshyamprakashdasji Swami - Shree Swaminarayan Mandir Loyadham. The lineage is as follows: 1) Swaminarayan 2) Sadguru Muktanand Swami 3) Sadguru Adharanand Swami 4) Sadguru Haripriyadasji Swami 5) Sadguru Vaikunthcharandasji Swami 6) Sadguru Narayanswarupdasji Swami 7) Sadguru Nandkishordasji Swami and today this illustrious spiritual tradition of one of Swaminarayan's elite saints is being edified by HDH Sadguru Shastri Shri Ghanshyamprakashdasji Swami.



Muktanand Swami is known for his lyrical compositions which conveyed messages about spiritual teachings and morality.[9] Muktanand Swami was also an instrumentalist and vocalist. He was equally at ease in dancing.

Mukund Bavani is a collection of his devotional poetry. The Aarti that is sung in all Shri Swaminarayan Temples, Jay Sadguru Swami was written by Muktanand Swami in praise of Shri Hari or Swaminarayan.[10]


Muktanand Swami, along with Gopalanand Swami, Nityanand Swami, and Shukanand Swami, was a compiler of the Vachanamrut, a scripture comprising Swaminarayan's discourses.[4]:202

Muktanand Kavya

Many of Muktanand Swami's works have been published in Muktanand Kavya (Muktānand Kāvya), a collection of 21 texts:[11][12][13]


Muktanand Swami's devotional composition, Dhira Dhurandhara, which was routinely sung by Mahatma Gandhi, was published alongside the works of Nishkulanand Swami and other poets in Gandhi's Ashram Bhajanavali, a compilation of prayers.[14][15] Some of Muktanand Swami's works have been translated by Harindra Dave, a Gujarati writer.[16]

The Bhagavadgomandal, a 20th-century Gujarati-language reference text, states that the vivah (wedding) compositions found in Muktanand Swami's Rukmini Vivah (Rukmiṇī Vivāh) are sung at most wedding celebrations.[17]


  1. ^ Williams 2001, pp. 189
  2. ^ a b c Muktanand Swami, the mother of comunion, archived from the original on 2007-10-07, retrieved 2008-01-19
  3. ^ Williams 2001, pp. 75–77
  4. ^ a b c Williams, Raymond Brady (2018-11-08). Introduction to Swaminarayan Hinduism. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-42114-0.
  5. ^ Williams 2001, pp. 15
  6. ^ Williams 2001, pp. 17
  7. ^ "Harismruti". Retrieved 2021-07-08.
  8. ^ "His Divine Holiness Sadguru Shastri Shri Ghanshyamprakashdasji Swami".
  9. ^ Kalani, K.L. (1976). "Saint Literature in Gujarati". Indian Literature. 19 (5): 36–48. ISSN 0019-5804. JSTOR 24157339.
  10. ^ Williams 2001, pp. 76, 189
  11. ^ Swami, Muktanand. Swami, Santvallabhdas (ed.). Muktanand Kavyam (Vol. 1). Karajan, Gujarat: Shri Swaminarayan Gurukul Bhaktinagar-Kandari.
  12. ^ Swami, Muktanand. Swami, Santvallabhdas (ed.). Muktanand Kavyam (Vol. 2). Karajan, Gujarat: Shri Swaminarayan Gurukul Bhaktinagar-Kandari.
  13. ^ "Famous Holybooks". Retrieved 2021-07-08.
  15. ^ Clooney, Francis X. (2005). Hindu Wisdom for All God's Children. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-72521-321-0. OCLC 1235963033.
  16. ^ The Cup of Love: Fifty-four Poems of Swaminarayan Saint-poets. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. 1981.
  17. ^ "Muktānand". Retrieved 2021-07-08.