Mykola Plaviuk
Микола Плав'юк
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4th President of the Ukrainian People's Republic in exile
In office
8 December 1989 – 22 August 1992
Preceded byMykola Livytskyi
Succeeded byLeonid Kravchuk (domiciled)1
President of the UWC
In office
1978–1981
Preceded byVasyl Kushnir
Succeeded byIvan Bazarko
Leader of the OUN
In office
1981–2012
Preceded byD. Kvitkovskyi
Personal details
Born(1925-06-05)5 June 1925
Rusów, Poland (now Rusiv, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ukraine)
Died10 March 2012(2012-03-10) (aged 86)
Hamilton, Ontario
NationalityUkrainian
Political partyOUN
Alma materUniversity of Munich
Concordia University
1Plaviuk terminated his authority as President of the Ukrainian People's Republic on 22 August 1992 when he formally ceded his authority to the first President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk.

Mykola Vasyliovych Plaviuk (Ukrainian: Микола Васильович Плав'юк; 5 June 1925 – 10 March 2012) was a Ukrainian social and political activist in emigration, who served as the last President of the Ukrainian People's Republic in exile. He terminated his authority on 22 August 1992, when he formally ceded his authority to the first President of independent Ukraine, Leonid Kravchuk.

Biography

Mykola Plaviuk was born on 5 June 1925 in the village of Rusów in Poland (now Rusiv, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, in independent Ukraine).[1] During World War II, Mykola became active in the Plast scouting movement in western Ukraine, which provided training after which many youth subsequently joined the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists.[2][3] After the war, he fled to Germany[4] where he received a diploma from the University of Munich in economics.[1] He emigrated to Montreal in Canada in 1949 where he became an active member of the Ukrainian diaspora in Canada.[1] In 1954 he graduated from Concordia University.[1]

Prior to the proclamation of an independent Ukrainian state in 1991, parallel to his professional career, Mykola Plaviuk held prominent positions in Ukrainian diaspora community/political institutions: President of the Ukrainian National Federation of Canada (1956–66); Vice-President of the Ukrainian Canadian Congress (1966–71); senior Plast Ukrainian scout leader; initiator and chief organizer responsible for the establishment in 1967 of the World Congress of Free Ukrainians (WCFU) in New York; Secretary General of the WCFU (1973–76); 1st Vice-President of the WCFU (1976–78); President of the WCFU (1978–80); elected Leader of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists in 1979; in June 1988 elected Vice-President of the Ukrainian National Republic (UNR) in Exile.

After death of incumbent President Mykola Livytskyi, Plaviuk became his successor,[4] serving from 8 December 1989[citation needed] to 1992. During a ceremonious session of the Verkhovna Rada on 22 August 1992 in Kyiv, Mykola Plaviuk formally ceded his authority and the activity of the UNR to the first President of independent Ukraine, Leonid Kravchuk, who was elected in 1991.[5][6] In his declaration, Plaviuk proclaimed that the current Ukrainian state is the lawful successor to the Ukrainian People's Republic and a continuation of its authority and state traditions.[5][7]

For his achievements in Ukrainian community and political affairs in the diaspora, Mykola Plaviuk was awarded the St. Volodymyr the Great Medal by the Ukrainian World Congress, and the Taras Shevchenko Medal by the Ukrainian Canadian Congress. In 1993, via extraordinary decree by President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk, Mykola Plaviuk was made a citizen of Ukraine. In 1996, by presidential decree Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma conferred upon Mykola Plaviuk the State Order of Merit, 3rd Class "…for his personal contribution to the development of Ukrainian statehood, and his active community and humanitarian involvement…."

In 2007, through presidential decree President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko conferred upon Mykola Plaviuk The Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 1st Class for his contributions as a “…public and political leader, President of the UNR in exile 1988-1992, for his selfless service to the Ukrainian people, and distinguished personal achievements in the revival of Ukraine’s independence."

Mykola Plaviuk was the leader of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists from 1981 until his death.[1] He was married, and had two sons and two daughters.[5] Plaviuk lived in both Kyiv and Canada. He died on 10 March 2012 in Hamilton, Ontario.[1][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f (in Ukrainian) Помер останній Президент УНР у екзилі Микола Плав'юк, Den (10 March 2012)
  2. ^ Verbych, Viktor. "Last President" (in Ukrainian). Gazeta "Simya i dim". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
  3. ^ Dukh, Yarema (2008-04-09). Микола Плав'юк: "Май амбіцію не бути пересічним...". Plast (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
  4. ^ a b c (in Ukrainian) Помер останній президент УНР (фото), UNIAN (12 March 2012)
  5. ^ a b c "Plaw'iuk Mykola Vasyl'ovych". VIP-gallery (in Ukrainian). presscenter.ukrinform.ua. Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
  6. ^ "10 years since the Government center of the UNR in exile gave to the free and sovereign Ukraine the symbols of government authority. This establishes that Ukraine is the legal successor to the Ukrainian National Republic. This action was proclaimed by the former President of the UNR in exile Mykola Plaviuk". Visnyka UVKR (in Ukrainian). Ukrainian World Coordination Council. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
  7. ^ Rol, Mykhailo. "Tenth President" (in Ukrainian). Ukrayina Moloda. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
Political offices Preceded byMykola Livytskyi President of Ukraine-in-exile 1989–1992 Succeeded byOffice abolished Party political offices Preceded byVasyl Kushnir President of the Ukrainian World Congress 1978–1981 Succeeded byIvan Bazarko Preceded byD. Kvitkovskyi Leader of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists 1981–2012 Incumbent