Networking hardware, also known as network equipment or computer networking devices, are electronic devices which are required for communication and interaction between devices on a computer network. Specifically, they mediate data transmission in a computer network.[1] Units which are the last receiver or generate data are called hosts, end systems or data terminal equipment.

Range

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Networking devices includes a broad range of equipment which can be classified as core network components which interconnect other network components, hybrid components which can be found in the core or border of a network and hardware or software components which typically sit on the connection point of different networks.

The most common kind of networking hardware today is a copper-based Ethernet adapter which is a standard inclusion on most modern computer systems. Wireless networking has become increasingly popular, especially for portable and handheld devices.

Other networking hardware used in computers includes data center equipment (such as file servers, database servers and storage areas), network services (such as DNS, DHCP, email, etc.) as well as devices which assure content delivery.

Taking a wider view, mobile phones, tablet computers and devices associated with the internet of things may also be considered networking hardware. As technology advances and IP-based networks are integrated into building infrastructure and household utilities, network hardware will become an ambiguous term owing to the vastly increasing number of network capable endpoints.

Specific devices

Network hardware can be classified by its location and role in the network.

Core

Core network components interconnect other network components.

Hybrid

Hybrid components can be found in the core or border of a network.

Border

Hardware or software components which typically sit on the connection point of different networks (for example, between an internal network and an external network) include:

End stations

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Other hardware devices used for establishing networks or dial-up connections include:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b IEEE 802.3-2012 Clause 9.1
  2. ^ "ATIS Telecom Glossary". www.atis.org. Retrieved 2021-06-20.
  3. ^ "The TCP/IP Guide - Overview Of Key Routing Protocol Concepts: Architectures, Protocol Types, Algorithms and Metrics". www.tcpipguide.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  4. ^ "ATIS Telecom Glossary". www.atis.org.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Hubs Versus Switches – Understand the tradeoffs" (PDF). ccontrols.com. 2002. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
  6. ^ E., Decker; A., Rijsinghani; K., McCloghrie; P., Langille. "Definitions of Managed Objects for Bridges". tools.ietf.org. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  7. ^ "ATIS Telecom Glossary". www.atis.org. Retrieved 2021-06-20.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Dean, Tamara (2010). Network+ Guide to Networks. Delmar. pp. 256–257.
  9. ^ "ATIS Telecom Glossary". www.atis.org. Retrieved 2021-06-20.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "bridge router Definition from PC Magazine Encyclopedia". www.pcmag.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  11. ^ "ATIS Telecom Glossary". www.atis.org. Retrieved 2021-06-20.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "ATIS Telecom Glossary". www.atis.org. Retrieved 2021-06-20.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ Oppliger, Rolf (May 1997). "Internet Security: FIREWALLS and BEYOND". Communications of the ACM. 40 (5): 94. doi:10.1145/253769.253802.
  14. ^ "ATIS Telecom Glossary". www.atis.org. Retrieved 2021-06-20.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)