The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to management:
Business management – management of a business. Business management rule #1 is delegation, assign the best qualified people to each position and trust your staff to do the work instead of trying to do everything yourself. It includes all aspects of overseeing and supervising business operations. Management is the act of allocating resources to accomplish desired goals and objectives efficiently and effectively; it comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal.
Types of organizations
Organization – Social entity established to meet needs or pursue goals
- Company – Association or collection of individuals
- Corporation – Legal entity incorporated through a legislative or registration process
- Co-operative – Autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise
- Government – System or group of people governing an organized community, often a state
- Nonprofit organization – Organization operated for a collective benefit
Areas of management application
Management application can be utilised by a person or a group of people and by a company or a group of companies depending upon the type of management skills being used. Management can be applied to every aspect of activity of a person or an organization:
Self-governance is the act of conducting oneself to get things done. Effective management of oneself is a natural prerequisite of effective management. Personal skills related to business activity include:
- Managerial effectiveness – getting the right things done. Peter Drucker reminds us that "effectiveness can and must be learned".
- Self-control – in the general sense, controlling one's own actions and states
- Self-employment – State of working for oneself rather than an employer
- Personal resource management
General organization management skills
- Agile management
- Asset management – Systematic method of maintaining assets
- Change management – Management discipline studying human transformational processes within organizations is a field of management focused on organizational changes. It aims to ensure that methods and procedures are used for efficient and prompt handling of all changes to controlled IT infrastructure, in order to minimize the number and impact of any related incidents upon service.
- Conflict management – Process of limiting the negative aspects of conflict while increasing its positive aspects
- Conflict resolution – Methods and processes involved in facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and retribution
- Constraint management
- Corporate governance – Mechanisms, processes and relations by which corporations are controlled and operated
- Cost accounting – Procedures to optimize practices in cost efficient ways
- Crisis management – Process by which an organization deals with a harmful emergency
- Critical management studies (CMS)
- Customer relationship management – Process of managing interactions with customers
- Data management – Disciplines related to managing data as a resource
- Design management – Field of inquiry in business
- Earned value management – Project management technique
- Human interaction management
- Integration management
- Interim management
- Knowledge management – Process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organization
- Logistics – Management of the flow of resources
- Operations management – Controlling the process of production in business operations in the production of goods
- Organization development – Study and implementation of practices, systems, and techniques that affect organizational change
- Perception management – Influence tactic
- Planning – Regarding the activities required to achieve a desired goal
- Business process management – Business management discipline – Ensemble of activities of planning and monitoring the performance of a process, especially in the sense of business process, often confused with reengineering
- Program management – Process of managing several related projects
- Project management – Practice of leading the work of a team to achieve goals and criteria at a specified time
- Quality management – Process to provide consistent fitness for use of product or service
- Requirements management
- Resource management – Efficient and effective deployment of an organization's resources when they are needed
- Risk management – Set of measures for the systematic identification, analysis, assessment, monitoring and control of risks management specialism aiming to reduce different risks related to a preselected domain to the level accepted by society. It may include numerous types of threats caused by environment, technology, humans, organizations, and politics.
- Skills management
- Spend analysis
- Strategic management – Planning for a company's responses to external issues
- Strategic planning – Organizational decision making process
- Systems management
- Management science (MS) – Study of problem-solving in human organizations, The discipline of using mathematical modeling and other analytical methods, to help make better business management decisions.
- Nonlinear management (NLM) – Superset of management techniques and strategies that allows order to emerge by giving organizations the space to self-organize, evolve and adapt, encompassing Agile, Evolutionary and Lean approaches, as well as many others
- Operations management – Controlling the process of production in business operations in the production of goods – Area of business that is concerned with the production of good quality goods and services, and involves the responsibility of ensuring that business operations are efficient and effective. It is the management of resources, the distribution of goods and services to customers, and the analysis of queue systems.
- Scientific management – Theory of management Theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflow processes, improving labor productivity.
Field- or organization-specific management
Strategic management –
Business analysis – set of tasks, knowledge, and techniques required to identify business needs and determine solutions to business problems. Solutions often include a systems development component, but may also consist of process improvement or organizational change.
Goal setting – involves establishing specific, measurable and time targeted objectives
- Goal – or objective consists of a projected state of affairs which a person or a system plans or intends to achieve or bring about – a personal or organizational desired end-point in some sort of assumed development. Many people endeavor to reach goals within a finite time by setting deadlines.
- Examples of business objectives
Planning – in organizations and public policy is both the organizational process of creating and maintaining a plan; and the psychological process of thinking about the activities required to create a desired goal on some scale.
Business management education
Business education – Teaching the skills and operations of the business industry – teaching students the fundamentals, theories, and processes of business.
- Business school – University-level institution granting degrees in business administration – university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration or management. Such a school can also be known as "school of management", "school of business administration", or, colloquially, "b-school" or "biz school".
- Entrepreneurship education
- Executive education – Academic programs at graduate-level business schools
- Managerial academic degrees
- Undergraduate-level degrees
- Graduate-level degrees
- Doctoral-level degrees