Theatrical release poster
Directed by
Written byChris Butler
Produced by
CinematographyTristan Oliver
Edited byChristopher Murrie
Music byJon Brion[1]
Distributed byFocus Features (North America)
Universal Pictures (International)
Release dates
  • August 3, 2012 (2012-08-03) (Mexico)
  • August 17, 2012 (2012-08-17) (United States)
Running time
92 minutes[2]
CountryUnited States
Budget$60 million[3]
Box office$107.1 million[3]

ParaNorman is a 2012 American stop-motion animated comedy horror film directed by Sam Fell and Chris Butler (the latter's feature directorial debut), and written by Butler.[4] Produced by Laika, the film stars the voices of Kodi Smit-McPhee, Jodelle Ferland, Bernard Hill, Tucker Albrizzi, Anna Kendrick, Casey Affleck, Christopher Mintz-Plasse, Leslie Mann, Jeff Garlin, Elaine Stritch, Tempestt Bledsoe, Alex Borstein, and John Goodman. It is the first stop-motion film to use a 3-D color printer to create character faces, and only the second to be shot in 3-D.[5] In the film, Norman Babcock, a young boy who can communicate with ghosts, is given the task of ending a 300-year-old witch's curse on his Massachusetts town.

The idea of ParaNorman came from Butler, who thought making such a movie for kids could help express the challenges kids face growing up, after realizing that zombie films often contained a degree of social commentary. Production of the stop-motion animation feature took place at Laika's studio in Hillsboro, Oregon for three years, with the animating stage of production lasting about two years and beginning in late 2009. Instead of using traditional 3-D format cameras, the studio had sixty Canon EOS 5D Mark II DSLR cameras film the movie. Jon Brion composed the film's musical score.

ParaNorman was officially released on August 17, 2012, by Focus Features.[6] It received generally positive reviews from critics, who praised its animation, script, entertainment value and humor,[7] and was a modest box office success, earning $107 million worldwide against its budget of $60 million.[3][8][9] The film was nominated for that year's Academy Award for Best Animated Feature and BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film.


In the small town of Blithe Hollow, Massachusetts, Norman Babcock is an 11-year-old boy who speaks with the dead, including his late grandmother and various ghosts in town. Almost no one believes him and he is isolated emotionally from his family while being looked down upon by his own peers around the school. Neil Downe, an overweight boy who is also bullied, finds in Norman a kindred spirit. After rehearsing a school play commemorating the town's execution of a witch three centuries ago, the boys are confronted by Norman's estranged and seemingly deranged great-uncle, Mr. Prenderghast, who tells Norman that he soon must take up his regular ritual to protect the town. Soon after this encounter, Mr. Prenderghast dies of a heart attack.

During the official performance of the school play, Norman has a nightmarish vision of the town's past in which he is pursued through the woods by townsfolk on a witch hunt, embarrassing himself and leading to a heated argument with his paranoid father Perry, who later grounds him. His mother Sandra tells him that his father's manner is stern because he is afraid for him. The next day, Norman sees Prenderghast's spirit who tells him that the ritual must be performed with a certain book before sundown that day; then making him "swear" to complete the task, Prenderghast's spirit is set free and crosses over. Norman is at first reluctant to go because he is scared but his grandmother tells him it is all right to be scared as long as he does not let it change who he is. Norman sets off to retrieve the book from Prenderghast's house (having to take it from his corpse).

He then goes to the graves of the five men and two women who were cursed by the witch, but finds that the book is merely a series of fairy tales. Alvin, a school bully who always picks on Norman, arrives and prevents Norman from reading the story before sundown. Norman attempts to continue reading from the book, to no effect. A ghostly storm resembling the witch appears in the air, summoning the cursed dead to arise as zombies, who chase the boys along with Neil, Norman's 17-year-old sister Courtney, and Neil's older brother Mitch, down the hill and into town. Having realized that the witch was not buried in the graveyard, Norman contacts classmate Salma (who tells them to access the Town Hall's archives for the location of the witch's unmarked grave) for help. As the kids make their way to the Town Hall, the zombies are attacked by the citizenry. During the riot, Norman and his companions break into the archives but cannot find the information they need. As the mob moves to attack Town Hall, the witch storm appears over the crowd. Norman climbs the Hall's tower to read the book, in a last-ditch effort to finish the ritual, but the witch strikes the book with lightning, hurling Norman from the tower and deep into the archives.

Unconscious, Norman has a dream where he learns that the witch was Agatha "Aggie" Prenderghast, a little girl of his age and a distant relative, who was also a medium. Norman realizes that Aggie was wrongfully convicted by the town council when they mistook her powers for witchcraft. After awakening, Norman encounters the zombies and recognizes them as the town council who convicted Aggie. The zombies and their leader Judge Hopkins admit that they only wanted to speak with him to ensure that he would take up the ritual, to minimize the damage of the mistake they made so long ago. Norman attempts to help the zombies slip away so they can guide him to Aggie's grave, but is cornered by the mob. Courtney, Mitch, Neil, and Alvin rally to Norman's side and confront the crowd, arguing that their rage, fear, and misunderstanding make them no different from the cursed townsfolk from long ago. Although the mob realizes the error of their ways, the witch unleashes her powers to create greater havoc throughout the town.

Judge Hopkins guides Norman's family to the grave in a forest. Before the grave is reached, Aggie's magical powers separate Norman from the others. Norman finds the grave and interacts with Aggie's vengeful ghost, determined to stop the cataclysmic tantrum she has been having over the years. Though she attempts to push him away, Norman holds his ground, telling her that he understands how she feels as an outcast, that her vengeance has only made her like the ones who wronged her, causing her to remember happier days. Having finally encountered someone who understands her plight and by remembering her caring mother, Aggie is able to find a measure of peace and cross over to the afterlife. The storm dissipates, and she, the zombies and even the Judge all fade away. The town cleans up and regards Norman as a hero.

In the end, Norman watches a horror film with his family and the ghost of his grandmother, who have grown to accept Norman for who he is.

Voice cast

Blithe Hollow townspeople are voiced by Kirk Baily, Cam Clarke, Lara Cody, Eddie Frierson, Rif Hutton, Edie Mirman and David Zyler.


ParaNorman was the first film that used full-color 3-D printers for animation.

The idea of the film came from Chris Butler, who, realizing that zombie films often contained a degree of social commentary, thought making such a movie for kids could help express the challenges kids face growing up.[15]

Production of the stop-motion animation feature took place at Laika's studio in Hillsboro, Oregon.[16][17] The film was in production for three years, with the animating stage of production lasting about two years and beginning in late 2009. Rather than using traditional 3-D format cameras, the studio had sixty Canon EOS 5D Mark II DSLR cameras film the movie.[18] Advertising agency Wieden+Kennedy created the campaign for the film.[16] ParaNorman is the first ever stop motion film to use full-color 3-D printers for replacement animation. Laika's previous film Coraline had pioneered and popularized the use of black and white 3-D printers, which sped up puppet production considerably and allowed the team to make the large number of puppet faces required for the film.[19] "Quite often it's the stop-motion movies that are more out there," co-director Fell told The New York Times. "They're a little quirkier, they're a little harder to pin down."[20]


Jon Brion composed the film's score, and an accompanying soundtrack album was released on August 14, 2012.[21] Bits of other music appear in the film, including the theme music from Halloween, the Donovan song "Season of the Witch" (sung by the school play cast) and "Fix Up, Look Sharp" by British rapper Dizzee Rascal. "Little Ghost", a White Stripes song from their 2005 album Get Behind Me Satan, plays at the end, over character cards identifying the main cast. However, one track in the film, an updated version of "Aggie Fights", was not included in the soundtrack.


Home media

ParaNorman was released on DVD and Blu-ray on November 27, 2012, by Universal Pictures Home Entertainment.[22] A new edition from Shout! Factory under license from Universal was released on Blu-ray on September 14, 2021, and later on Ultra HD Blu-ray on December 13, 2022.[citation needed]

Other media

A game called ParaNorman: 2-Bit Bub was made for iPhone.[citation needed]


Critical response

Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gives ParaNorman an approval rating of 89% based on 190 reviews, and an average score of 7.3/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Beautifully animated and solidly scripted, ParaNorman will entertain (and frighten) older children while providing surprisingly thoughtful fare for their parents."[7] Metacritic gives the film a weighted average score of 72 out of 100 based on 33 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews".[23] Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale.[24]

Justin Chang of Variety wrote in his review, "Few movies so taken with death have felt so rudely alive as ParaNorman, the latest handcrafted marvel from the stop-motion artists at Laika."[25] Michael Rechtshaffen of The Hollywood Reporter said, "It has its entertaining moments, but this paranormal stop-motion animated comedy-chiller cries out for more activity."[12]

Box office

ParaNorman earned $56 million in North America, and $51.1 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $107.1 million.[3] The film premiered in Mexico on August 3, 2012, opening in second place with box office receipts of $2.2 million, behind The Dark Knight Rises.[26] For its opening weekend in North America, the film placed third, with receipts of $14 million, behind The Expendables 2 and The Bourne Legacy.[27] Travis Knight, head of the studio that produced the film, believed the box office total was fine, but did not live up to his expectations.[9]

Gay character

The film has drawn attention for the revelation in its final scenes that supporting character Mitch is gay, making him the first openly gay character in a mainstream animated film.[28] Nancy French of National Review Online suggested that the film could lead parents "to answer unwanted questions about sex and homosexuality on the way home from the movie theater."[29] Conversely, Mike Ryan of The Huffington Post cited Mitch's inclusion as one of the reasons why ParaNorman is "remarkable".[30] Co-director Chris Butler said that the character was explicitly connected with the film's message: "If we're saying to anyone that watches this movie don't judge other people, then we've got to have the strength of our convictions."[31] In 2013, ParaNorman was the first-ever PG-rated movie nominated by GLAAD in its annual GLAAD Media Awards, but lost to The Perks of Being a Wallflower.[32]


This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "ParaNorman" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
List of awards and nominations
Award Category Recipients Result
Academy Awards Best Animated Feature Sam Fell, Chris Butler Nominated
Alliance of Women Film Journalists Best Animated Film Won
Annie Awards[33][34] Best Animated Feature Nominated
Directing in an Animated Feature Production Sam Fell, Chris Butler Nominated
Animated Effects in an Animated Production Andrew Nawrot, Joe Gorski, Grant Lake Nominated
Character Animation in a Feature Production Travis Knight Won
Character Design in an Animated Feature Production Heidi Smith Won
Production Design in an Animated Feature Production Nelson Lowry, Ross Stewart, Pete Oswald, Ean McNamara, Trevor Dalmer Nominated
Storyboarding in an Animated Feature Production Emmanuela Cozzi Nominated
Writing in an Animated Feature Production Chris Butler Nominated
Foley Mixing in an Animated Feature Production Richard Duarte Won
BAFTA Awards[35] Best Animated Film Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association Best Animated Feature Won
Critics Choice Awards[36] Best Animated Feature Won
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Best Animated Film Won
Denver Film Critics Society Best Animated Feature Won
GLAAD Media Awards[37] Outstanding Film - Wide Release Nominated
Houston Film Critics Society Best Animated Film Nominated
Indiana Film Critics Association Best Animated Feature Nominated
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Best Animated Film Won
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Animated Feature Nominated
Online Film Critics Society[38] Best Animated Feature Won
Phoenix Film Critics Society Best Animated Film Nominated
Producers Guild of America Animated Theatrical Motion Pictures Travis Knight, Arianne Sutner Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society Best Animated Film Won
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Best Animated Feature Won
Satellite Awards[39] Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed Media Nominated
Saturn Awards[40] Best Animated Film Sam Fell and Chris Butler Nominated
Southeastern Film Critics Association Best Animated Film Won
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Best Animated Film Nominated
Toronto Film Critics Association Awards Best Animated Feature Won
Utah Film Critics Association Best Animated Feature Won
Visual Effects Society[41][42] Outstanding Animation in an Animated Feature Motion Picture Chris Butler, Sam Fell, Travis Knight, Brad Schiff Nominated
Outstanding Created Environment in an Animated Feature Motion Picture Graveyard: Phil Brotherton, Robert Desue, Oliver Jones, Nick Mariana Nominated
Main Street: Alice Bird, Matt Delue, Caitlin Pashalek Nominated
Outstanding FX and Simulation Animation in an Animated Feature Motion Picture Practical Volumetrics: Aidan Fraser, Joe Gorski, Eric Kuehne, Andrew Nawrot Nominated
Angry Aggie Ink-Blot Electricity: Michael Cordova, Grant Laker, Susanna Luck, Peter Vickery Nominated
Washington D. C. Area Film Critics Association Best Animated Feature Won

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Goldberg, Matt (June 14, 2011). "Jon Brion to Score Laika's 3D Stop-Motion Animated Feature PARANORMAN". Archived from the original on June 18, 2011. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  2. ^ "ParaNorman (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. July 11, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d "ParaNorman". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  4. ^ Buchanan, Jason. "ParaNorman (2012)". Allmovie. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  5. ^ Roper, Caitlin (August 2012). "The Boy with 8,000 Faces". Wired.
  6. ^ "ParaNorman To Open August 17, 2012" (Press release). LAIKA. May 4, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "ParaNorman (2012)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  8. ^ "2012 Recap (cont.): Losers". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Travis Knight (President & CEO of LAIKA) Talks PARANORMAN, Audience Reactions to the Film, Laika's Future Plans, and More at the VES Awards". Collider. February 13, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  10. ^ Karger, Dave (July 18, 2012). "Comic-Con 2012: 15 Hot Movies - ParaNorman". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2014. Norman Babcock is an 11-year-old who is dubbed as "a freak" in his school because he can speak to the dead.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "ParaNorman". Yahoo!. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  12. ^ a b Rechtshaffen, Michael (August 2, 2012). "ParaNorman: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  13. ^ a b c d e Truitt, Brian (July 24, 2011). "'ParaNorman' brings together an outcast kid, zombies and John Hughes". USA Today. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  14. ^ "Jodelle Ferland". Focus Features. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
  15. ^ Lambie, Ryan (September 10, 2012). "Chris Butler and Sam Fell interview: on writing and directing ParaNorman". Den of Geek. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  16. ^ a b Rogoway, Mike (August 11, 2012). "Laika thinks big with 'ParaNorman,' the second feature from Phil Knight's film studio". The Oregonian. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  17. ^ Giegerich, Andy (July 13, 2012). "Laika chases big dreams". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  18. ^ "Canon EOS 5D Mark II DSLR Cameras Help Capture the Summer Animated Feature "ParaNorman" in 3D". August 17, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
  19. ^ Brian Heater (August 17, 2012). "How 3D printing changed the face of 'ParaNorman'". Engadget. AOL.
  20. ^ Ryzik, Melena (January 30, 2013). "Animation Basks in Oscar Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
  21. ^ Taylor, Drew (July 24, 2012). "Soundtrack Details For Jon Brion's Score For Ghoulish Animated Film ParaNorman". The Playlist. Archived from the original on January 12, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
  22. ^ "Paranorman Blu-ray and DVD". September 3, 2012.
  23. ^ "ParaNorman Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  24. ^ "Cinemascore :: Movie Title Search". Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  25. ^ Chang, Justin (August 2, 2012). "ParaNorman". Variety. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  26. ^ "Mexico Box Office, August 3–5, 2012". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  27. ^ Subers, Ray (August 19, 2012). "Weekend Report: 'Expendables 2' Commandeers Top Spot, Misses Predecessor's Mark". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  28. ^ Anderson-Minshall, Diane (November 29, 2012). "Why ParaNorman Featured the First Gay Character in an Animated Film". Advocate. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  29. ^ French, nancy (August 22, 2012). "ParaNorman Has Gay Sub-Plot". National Review.
  30. ^ Ryan, Mike (August 13, 2012). "'ParaNorman': The Movie You May Not Be Planning To See, Though You Should". The Huffington Post.
  31. ^ "The Film Strip: ParaNorman Says You Can be Weird but Bullying is Not Ok". Archived from the original on August 11, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  32. ^ "'ParaNorman' Named First Ever PG-Rated Nominee for GLAAD Media Awards". January 16, 2013.
  33. ^ "Annie Award Nominations Unveiled". Deadline. December 3, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  34. ^ Beck, Jerry (February 2, 2013). "Annie Award Winners". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  35. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (January 9, 2013). "'Lincoln' leads BAFTA race with 10 nominations". Deadline. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  36. ^ Hammond, Pete (December 11, 2012). "'Lincoln', 'Les Miserables', 'Silver Linings' Top List Of Nominees For 18th Annual Critics Choice Movie Awards". Deadline. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
  37. ^ "And the Nominees are... #glaadawards". January 15, 2013.
  38. ^ "2012 Awards (16th Annual)". December 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  39. ^ Kilday, Gregg (December 3, 2012). "Satellite Awards Nominates 10 Films for Best Motion Picture". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  40. ^ Truitt, Brian (February 20, 2013). "'The Hobbit' leads Saturn Awards with nine nomination". USA Today.
  41. ^ "Nominations for the 11th Annual VES Awards". January 7, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  42. ^ "VES Awards: 'Life Of Pi' Wins 4 Including Feature, 'Brave', 'Game Of Thrones' Other Big Winners". Deadline. February 5, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2013.