Passerea
Temporal range: Early Paleocene–Holocene 62–0 Ma Possible an early origin based on molecular clock[1]
Beautiful firetail (Stagonopleura bella)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Neognathae
Clade: Neoaves
Clade: Passerea
Jarvis et al., 2014
Clades

Passerea is a clade of neoavian birds that was proposed by Jarvis et al. (2014).[2] Their genomic analysis recovered two major clades within Neoaves, Passerea and Columbea, and concluded that both clades appear to have many ecologically driven convergent traits.

According to Jarvis (2014), these convergences include the foot-propelled diving trait of grebes in Columbea with loons and cormorants in Passerea; the wading-feeding trait of flamingos in Columbea with ibises and egrets in Passerea; and pigeons and sandgrouse in Columbea with shorebirds (killdeer) in Passerea. For Jarvis (2014), these long-known trait and morphological alliances suggest that some of the traditional nongenomic trait classifications are based on polyphyletic assemblages.

Passerea was not recovered in other studies.[3][1]

Phylogeny

Cladogram of Passerea relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[2] with some clade names after Yuri, T. et al. (2013)[4] and Kimball et al. 2013.[5]

Passerea
Otidae

Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts)

Otidimorphae

Cuculiformes (cuckoos)

Otidiformes (bustards)

Musophagiformes (turacos)

Gruae

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)

Gruimorphae

Gruiformes (rails and cranes)

Charadriiformes (shorebirds)

Ardeae

Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)

Eurypygimorphae

Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)

Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)

Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Cathartiformes

Accipitriformes

Strigiformes (owls)

Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)

Cavitaves

Leptosomiformes (cuckoo roller)

Eucavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)

Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)

Picodynastornithes

Coraciformes

Piciformes

Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriamas and terror birds)

Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)

Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)

Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)

The following cladogram illustrates the proposed relationships between all bird clades of Passerea recovered by Braun & Kimball (2021)[6]

Passerea

Otidiformes (bustards)

Cuculiformes (cuckoos)

Musophagiformes (turacos)

Gruiformes (rails and cranes)

Charadriiformes (waders and relatives)

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)

Caprimulgiformes (swifts, hummingbirds, nightjars and allies)

Eurypygimorphae

Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)

Eurypygiformes (sunbittern and kagu)

Aequornithes

Gaviiformes (loons)

Austrodyptornithes

Procellariiformes (albatrosses and petrels)

Sphenisciformes (penguins)

Ciconiiformes (storks)

Suliformes (boobies, cormorants, etc.)

Pelecaniformes (pelicans, herons & ibises)

Telluraves
Accipitrimorphae

Cathartiformes (New World vultures)

Accipitriformes (hawks and relatives)

Strigimorphae

Strigiformes (owls)

Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mouse birds)

Cavitaves

Leptosomiformes (cuckoo roller)

Trogoniformes (trogons and quetzals)

Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills and relatives)

Coraciiformes (kingfishers and relatives)

Piciformes (woodpeckers and relatives)

Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriemas)

Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)

Psittaciformes (parrots)

Passeriformes (passerines)

References

  1. ^ a b Kuhl, H.; Frankl-Vilches, C.; Bakker, A.; Mayr, G.; Nikolaus, G.; Boerno, S. T.; Klages, S.; Timmermann, B.; Gahr, M. (2020). "An unbiased molecular approach using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life". Molecular Biology and Evolution: 143. doi:10.1093/molbev/msaa191.
  2. ^ a b Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. Bibcode:2014Sci...346.1320J. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. PMC 4405904. PMID 25504713.
  3. ^ Prum, R. O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
  4. ^ Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. PMC 4009869. PMID 24832669.
  5. ^ Kimball, R.T. et al. (2013) Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. Mol Phylogenet Evol. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029
  6. ^ Braun, E.L. & Kimball, R.T. (2021) Data types and the phylogeny of Neoaves. Birds, 2(1), 1-22; https://doi.org/10.3390/birds2010001