President of the
Republic of El Salvador
Presidente de la República de El Salvador
Seal of the President of El Salvador.svg
Presidential Seal
Presidente Bukele (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Nayib Bukele

since 1 June 2019
StatusHead of State
Head of Government
ResidenceCasa Presidencial
SeatSan Salvador
Term lengthFive years, renewable once[1]
Constituting instrumentConstitution of El Salvador
Inaugural holderJuan José Guzmán
Formation22 February 1841
DeputyVice President of El Salvador
SalaryUS$5,181 per month[2]
WebsitePresident of El Salvador

The president of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de El Salvador), officially known as the President of the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de la República de El Salvador), is the head of state and head of government of El Salvador. He is also, by Constitutional Law, the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. The office was created in the Constitution of 1841. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado).

The President of the Republic of El Salvador begins his duties on 1 June of the year of his election and is accompanied by a vice president.

According to the Electoral Code, for a person to be declared President-Elect of the Republic, he must obtain 50% plus one of the votes obtained in the election in the presidential elections. If none of the candidates gets to obtain that result, a second voting round will be held where the two candidates who have obtained the most electoral votes in the first round will participate.

The duration of the presidential term is five years and the president is eligible for reelection once consecutively as of 2021.

Each 1 June, the president is accountable to the Legislative Assembly for the contributions and Government Development that the president, the vice president and the Council of Ministers developed from the beginning of the presidential term.

History

In 1824, the Mayor's Office of Sonsonate and the Intendancy of San Salvador joined to form the State of El Salvador, united first to the United Provinces of Central America and then to the Federal Republic of Central America. According to the federal law, the governor received the title of Supreme Chief until 1841, when El Salvador declared itself independent, with its governor being called President. From then on, four stages with particular characteristics are recognized: the post-federal period, the Coffee Republic, the military governments, and civil governments.

In 1841, El Salvador was constituted as an independent and sovereign nation after the rupture of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1838. At that time, the legislative body created a constitution to legitimize the nation of El Salvador and also named Juan Lindo Provisional President of the Republic of El Salvador on 2 February 1841. It was not until 26 September 1842 Juan José Guzmán was elected by the people as President of El Salvador. From that moment, the republic suffered a constant series of provisional governments that brought many leaders to power.

In 1858, Captain General Gerardo Barrios became President of the Republic in which his government gave entrance to the "French Bread". He resigned from power in 1863 and Francisco Dueñas became President.

It was not until the Constitution of the Republic of El Salvador of 1886 was ratified when the presidential term is increased from two to four years, beginning and ending the presidential terms on 1 March. In 1913, before the death of Manuel Enrique Araujo, a family 'dynasty' would begin. The Meléndez-Quiñonez Dynasty lasted 18 years until Arturo Araujo became President.

In 1931, a coup d'état led by Vice President General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez overthrew President Araujo. This dictatorial government would establish the foundations of a rigid and totally militarized nation. It was not until 1939 when General Martínez called for a Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution which established that the presidential term would be increased from 4 to 6 years and would begin and end on 1 January. During his presidency, Martínez initiated the 1932 Salvadoran Peasant Massacre which killed 25,000 indigenous peoples. Martínez would be overthrown 12 years later in 1944 and General Andrés Ignacio Menéndez became Provisional President.

From that moment, the presidency of the Republic once again showed dictatorial instability and military governments began to be established to the point of creating a republic with 'Military Authoritarianism' which would end in 1982. In 1950, Lieutenant Colonel Óscar Osorio constitutionally became the president of the Republic and a new constitution was drafted where the presidential term would be 6 years and begin and end on 14 September. Osorio was known as the president of the social programs since he implemented and founded programs such as the Urban Housing Institute (IVU), the Autonomous Port Executive Commission (CEPA) among others that benefited the nation.

In 1960, a coup d'état overthrew President José María Lemus which led to the formation of a Junta of Government which would later be overthrown by the Civic-Military Directory in 1961. This was the case until the constitutional order was reestablished and another constitution was created in 1962 which would bring with it significant presidential reforms. From that moment, the presidential term would last 5 years and begin and end on 1 July.

On 15 October 1979, the last coup d'état in Salvadoran history took place where a group of young soldiers and officers overthrew General Carlos Humberto Romero. The coup marked the beginning of the Salvadoran Civil War which would rage on from 1979 to 1992. The Revolutionary Government Junta was established and ruled over El Salvador while fighting against the communist guerrilla group Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). The Junta was abolished in 1982 and Álvaro Magaña became President of the Republic. The 1983 Constituent Assembly decided to create the current Constitution of El Salvador which set presidential terms to 5 years and would begin and end on June 1. The civil war greatly affected the political stability of the country.

President José Napoleón Duarte would lead the government against the FMLN from 1984 to 1989. In 1989, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) won the 1989 presidential election. Alfredo Cristiani became the first president of ARENA. ARENA won the presidential elections in 1989, 1994, 1999, and 2004. Its presidents were Alfredo Cristiani, Armando Calderón Sol, Francisco Flores, and Elías Antonio Saca.

The Civil War ended in 1992 and the FMLN became a legal political party in accordance to the Chapultepec Peace Accords.

In 20 years of government, El Salvador was characterized by the privatization of national services such as coffee, telecommunications, the pension system, the National Bank, the Electric Power Service, among others. In 2001, the Economic Dollarization System was carried out in the country, a measure adopted by then President Francisco Flores which would have great long-term consequences for the Salvadoran economy and adopted the US dollar as legal currency.

Mauricio Funes won the 2009 presidential election ending 20 years of ARENA rule and marked the first FMLN presidency. Salvador Sánchez Cerén became the second FMLN president in 2015 after narrowly defeating Norman Quijano.

In 2019, Nayib Bukele, from the Grand Alliance for National Unity (GANA), won the 2019 presidential election ending 10 years of FMLN rule. He was the first president since Duarte to not be a member of either ARENA or FMLN. He was the second president from Palestinian descent, after Elías Antonio Saca. He was inaugurated on 1 June 2019.

Heads of state of El Salvador within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1841)

Intendants political leaders of the Province of San Salvador

Political parties

  Independent
  Military
  Liberal

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political affiliation Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
1
PEDRO BARRIERE.jpg
Doctor
Pedro Barriere
(?–1827)
21 September 1821 28 November 1821 68 days Independent [3]
2
José Matias Delgado.jpg
Presbyter and Doctor
José Matías Delgado y de León
(1767–1832)
28 November 1821 9 February 1823 1 year, 73 days Independent [4]
3
Vicente Filisola.jpg
Brigadier
Vicente Filísola
(1789–1850)
9 February 1823 7 May 1823 87 days Military [5]
4
General Don Felipe Codallos (cropped).jpg
General
Felipe Codallos
(1790–1849)
7 May 1823 25 May 1823 18 days Military [6]
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg
Consultive Junta 25 May 1823 17 June 1823 23 days Consultive Junta [7]
Mariprad.jpg
Mariano Prado Baca
(1776–1837)
Provisional Chief
17 June 1823 22 April 1824 310 days Liberal [8]

Heads of state of El Salvador

Political parties

  Independent
  Liberal
  Conservative

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political affiliation Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Juan Manuel Rodríguez, political chief, independence leader and founding father of Central America.jpg
Juan Manuel Rodríguez
(1771–1847)
22 April 1824 1 October 1824 162 days Independent [9]
2
Mariprad.jpg
Mariano Prado Baca
(1776–1837)
1 October 1824 13 December 1824 73 days Liberal [8]
3
1828 En Guatemala, fallece Juan Vicente Villacorta Díaz (1764), quien gobernó El Salvador entre dic.1824 y oct.1826.jpg
Juan Vicente Villacorta Díaz
(1764–1828)
13 December 1824 1 November 1826 1 year, 323 days Liberal [10]
4
Mariprad.jpg
Mariano Prado Baca
(1776–1837)
Acting Head of State
1 November 1826 30 January 1829 2 years, 90 days Liberal [8]
5
Josecor.jpg
José María Cornejo Merino
(1788–1864)
1829 30 January 1829 16 February 1830 1 year, 17 days Conservative [11]
6
Juan damina villacorta.jpg
Licentiate
José Damián Villacorta
(1796–1860)
16 February 1830 4 December 1830 291 days Independent [12]
7
Josecor.jpg
José María Cornejo Merino
(1788–1864)
4 December 1830 3 April 1832 1 year, 121 days Conservative [11]
General Francisco Morazán.JPG
General
José Francisco Morazán Quesada
(1792–1842)
Provisional Head of State
3 April 1832 13 May 1832 40 days Liberal [13]
8
Joaquín de San Martín.jpg
Colonel
Joaquín de San Martín y Ulloa
(1770–1854)
13 May 1832 25 July 1832 73 days Conservative [14]
9
Mariprad.jpg
Mariano Prado Baca
(1776–1837)
25 July 1832 1 July 1833 341 days Liberal [8]
10
Joaquín de San Martín.jpg
Colonel
Joaquín de San Martín y Ulloa
(1770–1854)
1833 1 July 1833 23 June 1834 357 days Conservative [14]
Carlos Salazar Castro (San Salvador, 1800 - San José, 23 de julio de 1867) fue un militar liberal salvadoreño.jpg
General
Carlos Salazar Castro
(1800–1867)
Provisional Head of State
23 June 1834 13 July 1834 20 days Independent [15]
Vicepresidente encargado del Ejecutivo.José Gregorio Salazar y Castro.jpg
José Gregorio Salazar
(1773–1838)
Provisional Head of State
13 July 1834 30 September 1834 79 days Independent [16]
Jescol.jpg
Joaquín Escolán y Balibrera
(?–?)
Provisional Head of State
30 September 1834 13 October 1834 13 days Independent [17]
11
Jsilva.jpg
Licentiate
José María Silva
(1804–1876)
13 October 1834 2 March 1835 140 days Independent [18]
12
Jescol.jpg
Joaquín Escolán y Balibrera
(?–?)
2 March 1835 10 April 1835 39 days Independent [17]
13
Nicolás Espinoza.jpg
Licentiate and General
Nicolás Espinoza
(1795–1845)
10 April 1835 15 November 1835 219 days Liberal [19]
14
Francisco Gómez.jpg
Colonel and Licentiate
Francisco Gómez de Altamirano y de Elizondo
(1796–1838)
15 November 1835 1 February 1836 78 days Independent [20]
15
DVigil.jpg
Diego Vigil Cocaña
(1799–1845)
1 February 1836 23 May 1837 1 year, 111 days Liberal [21]
16
Tmenen.jpg
Timoteo Menéndez
(?–?)
23 May 1837 7 June 1837 15 days Independent [22]
17
DVigil.jpg
Diego Vigil Cocaña
(1799–1845)
7 June 1837 6 January 1838 213 days Liberal [21]
18
Tmenen.jpg
Timoteo Menéndez
(?–?)
6 January 1838 23 May 1838 137 days Independent [22]
Antonio-José-Cañas.jpg
Colonel
Antonio José Cañas Quintanilla
(1785–1844)
Acting Head of State
23 May 1838 11 July 1839 1 year, 49 days Independent
19
General Francisco Morazán.JPG
General
José Francisco Morazán Quesada
(1792–1842)
11 July 1839 16 February 1840 220 days Liberal [13]
Jsilva.jpg
Licentiate
José María Silva
(1804–1876)
Acting Head of State
16 February 1840 5 April 1840 49 days Independent [18]
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg
Municipal Council of San Salvador 5 April 1840 15 April 1840 10 days Municipal Council of San Salvador
Antonio-José-Cañas.jpg
Colonel
Antonio José Cañas Quintanilla
(1785–1844)
Provisional Head of State
15 April 1840 20 September 1840 158 days Independent
Ecp2zSAWkAErt6b.jpg
Licentiate
Norberto Ramírez Áreas
(1802–1856)
Provisional Head of State
20 September 1840 7 January 1841 109 days Independent [23]
Juan Lindo.jpg
Licentiate
Juan Nepomuceno Fernández Lindo y Zelaya
(1790–1857)
Provisional Head of State
7 January 1841 22 February 1841 46 days Conservative [24]

Presidents of independent El Salvador (1841–present)

Early republic (1841–1885)

Political parties

  Conservative
  Independent
  Liberal

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political Affiliation Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Juan Lindo.jpg
Licentiate
Juan Nepomuceno Fernández Lindo y Zelaya
(1790–1857)
Provisional President
22 February 1841 20 June 1841 118 days Conservative [24]
Egg1wjsVgAAKe9M.jpg
Pedro José Arce y Fagoaga (es)
(1801–1871)
Provisional President
20 June 1841 28 June 1841 8 days Independent
Juan Lindo.jpg
Licentiate
Juan Nepomuceno Fernández Lindo y Zelaya
(1790–1857)
Provisional President
28 June 1841 1 February 1842 218 days Conservative [24]
Escolastico Marín.jpg
General
José Escolástico Marín
(?–1846)
Acting President
1 February 1842 12 April 1842 70 days Independent [25]
1
Presidente de la República de El Salvador Lic. Juan José Guzmán.jpg
General and Licentiate
Juan José Guzmán
(1800–1847)
12 April 1842 30 June 1842 149 days Conservative
Diovil1.jpg
Dionisio Villacorta (es)
(?–1846)
Acting President
30 June 1842 19 July 1842 19 days Independent [26]
Escolastico Marín.jpg
General
José Escolástico Marín
(?–1846)
Acting President
19 July 1842 26 September 1842 69 days Independent [25]
1
Presidente de la República de El Salvador Lic. Juan José Guzmán.jpg
General and Licentiate
Juan José Guzmán
(1800–1847)
26 September 1842 10 December 1843 1 year, 75 days Conservative
Cayetano Molina.jpg
Cayetano Antonio Molina y Lara (es)
(1803–1873)
Provisional President
10 December 1843 20 December 1843 10 days Independent
Egg1wjsVgAAKe9M.jpg
Pedro José Arce y Fagoaga (es)
(1801–1871)
Provisional President
20 December 1843 29 December 1843 9 days Independent
Cayetano Molina.jpg
Cayetano Antonio Molina y Lara (es)
(1803–1873)
Provisional President
29 December 1843 1 January 1844 3 days Independent
Egg1wjsVgAAKe9M.jpg
Pedro José Arce y Fagoaga (es)
(1801–1871)
Provisional President
1 January 1844 1 February 1844 31 days Independent
Fermín Palacios.jpg
General
Fermín Palacios
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 1844 7 February 1844 6 days Independent [27]
2
Caudillos Francisco Malespín.jpg
General
Francisco Malespín Herrera
(1806–1846)
1844 7 February 1844 16 February 1845 1 year, 8 days Conservative [28]
Fermín Palacios.jpg
General
Fermín Palacios
(?–?)
Acting President
16 February 1845 25 April 1845 68 days Independent [27]
3
Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán (cropped) 2.jpg
General
Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
(1801–1875)
25 April 1845 1 February 1846 282 days Conservative [29]
Fermín Palacios.jpg
General
Fermín Palacios
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 1846 21 February 1846 20 days Independent [27]
4
Eugenio Aguilar Gonzalez Batres.jpg
Doctor
Eugenio Aguilar González Batres
(1804–1879)
1846 21 February 1846 12 July 1846 141 days Liberal [30]
Fermín Palacios.jpg
General
Fermín Palacios
(?–?)
Acting President
12 July 1846 21 July 1846 9 days Independent [27]
4
Eugenio Aguilar Gonzalez Batres.jpg
Doctor
Eugenio Aguilar González Batres
(1804–1879)
12 July 1846 1 February 1848 1 year, 204 days Liberal [30]
Tomás Medina.jpg
Tomás Medina Menéndez
(1803–1884)
Acting President
1 February 1848 3 February 1848 2 days Independent [31]
FelixQuiroz.jpg
José Félix Quirós
(1811–1883)
Acting President
3 February 1848 7 February 1848 4 days Independent
5
Doroteo Vasconcelos.jpg
Doroteo Vasconcelos Vides y Ladrón de Guevara
(1803–1883)
1848 7 February 1848 26 January 1850 1 year, 353 days Liberal [32]
Ramrod1.jpg
Ramón Rodríguez
(?–?)
Acting President
26 January 1850 1 February 1850 6 days Independent [33]
5
Doroteo Vasconcelos.jpg
Doroteo Vasconcelos Vides y Ladrón de Guevara
(1803–1883)
1850 1 February 1850 12 January 1851 345 days Liberal [32]
Francisco Dueñas.jpg
Licentiate
Francisco Dueñas Díaz
(1810–1884)
Provisional President
12 January 1851 1 March 1851 48 days Conservative [34]
FelixQuiroz.jpg
José Félix Quirós
(1811–1883)
Provisional President
1 March 1851 3 May 1851 63 days Independent
6
Francisco Dueñas.jpg
Licentiate
Francisco Dueñas Díaz
(1810–1884)
3 May 1851 30 January 1852 335 days Conservative [34]
Colonel José María de San Martín.png
Colonel
José María de San Martín
(1811–1857)
Provisional President
30 January 1852 1 February 1852 2 days Conservative [35]
6
Francisco Dueñas.jpg
Licentiate
Francisco Dueñas Díaz
(1810–1884)
1852 1 February 1852 1 February 1854 2 years, 0 days Conservative [34]
Vicgoz.jpg
Vicente Gómez
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 1854 15 February 1854 14 days Independent [36]
7
Colonel José María de San Martín.png
Colonel
José María de San Martín
(1811–1857)
1854 15 February 1854 1 February 1856 1 year, 351 days Conservative [14]
Francisco Dueñas.jpg
Licentiate
Francisco Dueñas Díaz
(1810–1884)
Acting President
1 February 1856 12 February 1856 11 days Conservative [34]
8
Rafael Campo.jpg
Rafael Juan Campo y Pomar
(1813–1890)
1856 12 February 1856 12 May 1856 90 days Conservative [37]
Francisco Dueñas.jpg
Licentiate
Francisco Dueñas Díaz
(1810–1884)
Acting President
12 May 1856 19 July 1856 158 days Conservative [34]
8
Rafael Campo.jpg
Rafael Juan Campo y Pomar
(1813–1890)
19 July 1856 1 February 1858 1 year, 197 days Conservative [37]
Lzepeda.jpg
Lorenzo Zepeda
(?–?)
Acting President
1 February 1858 7 February 1858 6 days Independent [38]
9
87 Miguel Santin del Castillo.jpg
General
Miguel Santín del Castillo
(1830–1880)
1858 7 February 1858 24 June 1858 137 days Conservative [39]
GBarrios.jpg
Captain General
José Gerardo Barrios Espinoza
(1813–1865)
Acting President
24 June 1858 18 September 1858 86 days Liberal [40]
9
87 Miguel Santin del Castillo.jpg
General
Miguel Santín del Castillo
(1830–1880)
1858 18 September 1858 19 January 1859 123 days Conservative [39]
Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán (cropped) 2.jpg
General
Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
(1801–1875)
Acting President
19 January 1859 15 February 1859 27 days Conservative [29]
Jmperalt.jpg
José María Peralta
(1807–1883)
Acting President
15 February 1859 12 March 1859 25 days Independent [41]
10
GBarrios.jpg
Captain General
José Gerardo Barrios Espinoza
(1813–1865)
12 March 1859 16 December 1860 1 year, 279 days Liberal [40]
Jmperalt.jpg
José María Peralta
(1807–1883)
Acting President
16 December 1860 7 February 1861 53 days Independent [41]
10
GBarrios.jpg
Captain General
José Gerardo Barrios Espinoza
(1813–1865)
7 February 1861 26 October 1863 2 years, 261 days Liberal [40]
Francisco Dueñas.jpg
Licentiate
Francisco Dueñas Díaz
(1810–1884)
Provisional President
26 October 1863 1 February 1865 1 year, 98 days Conservative [34]
11
Francisco Dueñas.jpg
Licentiate
Francisco Dueñas Díaz
(1810–1884)
1864
1869
1 February 1865 12 April 1871 6 years, 70 days Conservative [34]
Santiago gonzalez.jpg
Marshal
Santiago González Portillo
(1818–1887)
Provisional President
12 April 1871 1 February 1872 295 days Liberal [42]
12
Santiago gonzalez.jpg
Marshal
Santiago González Portillo
(1818–1887)
1872 1 February 1872 10 May 1872 4 years, 0 days Liberal [42]
Manuel Mendez.jpg
Licentiate
Manuel Méndez
(?–1872)
Acting President
10 May 1872 16 June 1872 37 days Independent [43]
12
Santiago gonzalez.jpg
Marshal
Santiago González Portillo
(1818–1887)
1874 16 June 1872 1 February 1876 3 years, 230 days Liberal [42]
13
Andresdelvalle.jpg
Andrés del Valle Rodríguez
(1833–1888)
1 February 1876 1 May 1876 90 days Liberal [44]
Zaldívar.jpg
Doctor
Rafael Zaldívar
(1834–1903)
Provisional President
1 May 1876 1 February 1880 3 years, 276 days Liberal [45]
14
Zaldívar.jpg
Doctor
Rafael Zaldívar
(1834–1903)
1 February 1880 6 April 1884 4 years, 65 days Liberal [45]
Angel Guirola.png
Ángel Guirola (es)
(1826–1910)
Provisional President
6 April 1884 21 August 1884 137 days Independent [46]
14
Zaldívar.jpg
Doctor
Rafael Zaldívar
(1834–1903)
21 August 1884 14 May 1885 266 days Liberal [45]

First military dictatorship (1885–1911)

Political parties

  Liberal
  Independent
  Conservative

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political Affiliation Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Illus-059 (Salvador, 20th Century).jpg
General
Fernando Figueroa
(1849–1919)
Provisional President
14 May 1885 18 June 1885 35 days Military/Liberal [47]
Jose Rosales.png
José Rosales Herrador
(1827–1891)
Provisional President
18 June 1885 22 June 1885 137 days Independent [48]
Francisco Menéndez.jpg
General
Francisco Menéndez Valdivieso
(1830–1890)
Provisional President
22 June 1885 1 March 1887 1 year, 252 days Military/Liberal [49]
15
Francisco Menéndez.jpg
General
Francisco Menéndez Valdivieso
(1830–1890)
1887 1 March 1887 22 June 1890 3 years, 113 days Military/Liberal [49]
General Carlos Ezeta.png
General
Carlos Basilio Ezeta y León
(1852–1903)
Provisional President
22 June 1890 1 March 1891 252 days Military/Liberal [50]
16
General Carlos Ezeta.png
General
Carlos Basilio Ezeta y León
(1852–1903)
1891 1 March 1891 10 June 1894 3 years, 101 days Military/Liberal [50]
Rafael A. Gutierrez.jpg
General
Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez
(1845–1921)
Provisional President
10 June 1894 1 March 1895 264 days Military/Liberal [51]
17
Rafael A. Gutierrez.jpg
General
Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez
(1845–1921)
1895 1 March 1895 14 November 1898 3 years, 258 days Military/Liberal [51]
Tomas Regalado1.jpg
General
Tomás Herculano de Jesús Regalado Romero
(1861–1906)
Provisional President
14 November 1898 1 March 1899 107 days Military/Liberal [52]
18
Tomas Regalado1.jpg
General
Tomás Herculano de Jesús Regalado Romero
(1861–1906)
1899 1 March 1899 1 March 1903 4 years, 0 days Military/Liberal [52]
19
Escalon.jpg
General
Pedro José Escalón
(1847–1923)
1903 1 March 1903 1 March 1907 4 years, 0 days Military/Conservative [53]
20
Illus-059 (Salvador, 20th Century).jpg
General
Fernando Figueroa
(1849–1919)
1907 1 March 1907 1 March 1911 4 years, 0 days Military/Liberal [47]

Meléndez–Quiñónez dynasty (1911–1931)

Political parties

  Independent
  National Democratic Party
  Labor Party

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political Affiliation Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
21
Manuel Enrique Araujo 01.jpg
Doctor
Manuel Enrique Araujo
(1865–1913)
1911 1 March 1911 9 February 1913 1 year, 345 days Independent [54]
Carlos Meléndez.jpg
Carlos Meléndez Ramírez
(1861–1919)
Provisional President
9 February 1913 29 August 1914 1 year, 201 days National Democratic Party [55]
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina 1915.jpg
Doctor
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
Provisional President
29 August 1914 1 March 1915 184 days National Democratic Party [56]
22
Carlos Meléndez.jpg
Carlos Meléndez Ramírez
(1861–1919)
1915 1 March 1915 21 December 1918 3 years, 295 days National Democratic Party [55]
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina 1915.jpg
Doctor
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
Provisional President
21 December 1918 1 March 1919 184 days National Democratic Party [56]
23
62 Jorge Melendez.jpg
Jorge Meléndez Ramírez
(1871–1953)
1919 1 March 1919 1 March 1923 4 years National Democratic Party [57]
24
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina 1915.jpg
Doctor
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
1923 1 March 1923 1 March 1927 4 years National Democratic Party [56]
25
Dr. Pio Romero Bosque.jpg
Doctor
Pío Romero Bosque
(1860–1935)
1927 1 March 1927 1 March 1931 4 years National Democratic Party [58]
26
Arturo Araujo Fajardo.jpg
Engineer
Arturo Araujo Fajardo
(1878–1967)
1931 1 March 1931 2 December 1931 276 days Labor Party [59]

Second military dictatorship (1931–1979)

Political parties

  Military
  National Pro Patria Party
  Unification Social Democratic Party
  Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification
  Independent
  National Conciliation Party

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political Affiliation Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Civic Directorate of El Salvador.jpg
Civic Directory 2 December 1931 4 December 1931 2 days Civic Directory [60]
Hernandez Martinez.jpg
Brigadier General
Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
(1882–1966)
Acting President
4 December 1931 28 August 1934 2 years, 267 days Military/National Pro Patria Party [61]
67 General Andres I. Menendez.jpg
Brigadier General
Andrés Ignacio Menéndez
(1879–1962)
Provisional President
28 August 1934 1 March 1935 185 days Military/National Pro Patria Party [62]
27
Hernandez Martinez.jpg
Brigadier General
Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
(1882–1966)
1935
1939
1944
1 March 1935 9 May 1944 9 years, 69 days Military/National Pro Patria Party [61]
67 General Andres I. Menendez.jpg
Brigadier General
Andrés Ignacio Menéndez
(1879–1962)
Provisional President
9 May 1944 21 October 1944 165 days Military/National Pro Patria Party [62]
Coronel Osmin Aguirre.jpg
Colonel
Osmín Aguirre y Salinas
(1889–1977)
Provisional President
21 October 1944 1 March 1945 131 days Military [63]
28
Gral-castaneda.jpg
General
Salvador Castaneda Castro
(1888–1965)
1945 1 March 1945 14 December 1948 3 years, 288 days Military/Unification Social Democratic Party [64]
EL GOBIERNO REVOLUCIONARIO DE LAS FUERZAS ARMADAS.jpg
Revolutionary Council of Government (es) 14 December 1948 14 September 1950 1 year, 274 days Revolutionary Council of Government [65]
29
Oscar Osorio.jpg
Lieutenant Colonel
Óscar Osorio Hernández
(1910–1969)
1950 14 September 1950 14 September 1956 6 years, 0 days Military/Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification [66]
30
José María Lemus.jpg
Lieutenant Colonel
José María Lemus López
(1911–1993)
1956 14 September 1956 26 October 1960 4 years, 42 days Military/Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification [67]
La Junta de Gobierno Revolucionario de octubre de 1960 a enero de 1961.jpg
Junta of Government 26 October 1960 25 January 1961 91 days Junta of Government
Directorio Cívico-Militar.jpg
Civic-Military Directory 25 January 1961 25 January 1962 1 year, 0 days Civic-Military Directory
Rodolfo Cordon.jpg
Doctor
Eusebio Rodolfo Cordón Cea
(1899–1966)
Provisional President
25 January 1962 1 July 1962 157 days Independent [68]
31
Copia de Coronel Julio Adalberto Rivera.jpg
Lieutenant Colonel
Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo
(1921–1973)
1962 1 July 1962 1 July 1967 5 years Military/National Conciliation Party [69]
32
La elección presidencial de El Salvador de 1967 fue el día domingo 5 de marzo de 1967. El resultado fue la victoria de Fidel Sánchez Hernández del PCN, quien ganó con el 54.37% de votos.jpg
General
Fidel Sánchez Hernández
(1917–2003)
1967 1 July 1967 1 July 1972 5 years Military/National Conciliation Party [70]
33
Coronel Arturo Molina.png
Colonel
Arturo Armando Molina Barraza
(1927–2021)
1972 1 July 1972 1 July 1977 5 years Military/National Conciliation Party [71]
34
Humberto Romero 1977.jpg
General
Carlos Humberto Romero Mena
(1924–2017)
1977 1 July 1977 15 October 1979 2 years, 106 days Military/National Conciliation Party [72]

Modern republic (1979–present)

Political parties

  Military
  Democratic Action Party
  Christian Democratic Party
  Nationalist Republican Alliance
  Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
  Nuevas Ideas

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political Affiliation Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Junta1.jpg
First Revolutionary Government Junta 15 October 1979 9 January 1980 86 days First Revolutionary Government Junta [73]
Junta2.jpg
Second Revolutionary Government Junta 9 January 1980 13 December 1980 339 days Second Revolutionary Government Junta [74]
Junta3.jpg
Third Revolutionary Government Junta 13 December 1980 2 May 1982 1 year, 140 days Third Revolutionary Government Junta [75]
35
Alvaro Magaña.jpg
Doctor
Álvaro Alfredo Magaña Borja
(1925–2001)
1982 2 May 1982 1 June 1984 2 years, 30 days Democratic Action Party [76]
36
José Napoleón Duarte 1987c.jpg
Engineer
José Napoleón Duarte Fuentes
(1925–1990)
1984 1 June 1984 1 June 1989 5 years Christian Democratic Party [77]
37
Alfredo Cristiani.jpg
Licentiate
Alfredo Félix Cristiani Burkard
(born 1947)
1989 1 June 1989 1 June 1994 5 years Nationalist Republican Alliance [78]
38
Former Presidents and First Ladies of El Salvador.jpg
Doctor
Armando Calderón Sol
(1949–2017)
1994 1 June 1994 1 June 1999 5 years Nationalist Republican Alliance [79]
39
President Francisco Flores El Salvador1.jpg
Licentiate
Francisco Guillermo Flores Pérez
(1959–2016)
1999 1 June 1999 1 June 2004 5 years Nationalist Republican Alliance [80]
40
Antonio Saca.png
Elías Antonio Saca González
(born 1965)
2004 1 June 2004 1 June 2009 5 years Nationalist Republican Alliance [81]
41
Mauricio Funes (Brasilia, May 2008).jpg
Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena
(born 1959)
2009 1 June 2009 1 June 2014 5 years Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
42
Salvador Sanchez Ceren.jpg
Salvador Sánchez Cerén
(born 1944)
2014 1 June 2014 1 June 2019 5 years Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
43
Presidente Bukele (cropped).jpg
Nayib Armando Bukele Ortez
(born 1981)
2019 1 June 2019 Incumbent
(Term ends on 1 June 2024)
3 years, 44 days Nuevas Ideas

Latest election

Main article: 2019 Salvadoran presidential election

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
Nayib BukeleFélix UlloaGrand Alliance for National Unity1,434,85653.10
Carlos CallejaCarmen Aída LazoNationalist Republican Alliance857,08431.72
Hugo MartínezKarina SosaFarabundo Martí National Liberation Front389,28914.41
Josué AlvaradoRoberto RiveraVamos20,7630.77
Total2,701,992100.00
Valid votes2,701,99298.86
Invalid/blank votes31,1861.14
Total votes2,733,178100.00
Registered voters/turnout5,268,41151.88
Source: TSE

See also

References

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