Principality of Najran
1633–1934
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Principality of Najran is located in Saudi Arabia
Najran
Najran
Principality of Najran (Saudi Arabia)
Location of Najran in Saudi Arabia
CapitalNajran
Common languagesArabic
Religion
Islam
GovernmentPrincipality
Ruler 
• 1677 – 1717
Muhammad ibn Isma'il[1]
• 1912 – 1934
`Ali II ibn Muhsin ibn Husayn[1]
History 
• Established
1633
• Disestablished
1934
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Yemeni Zaidi State
Saudi Arabia
Today part ofSaudi Arabia

The Principality of Najran was a state that existed in the Arabian peninsula from 1633 to 1934. It originated as an Islamic ecclesiastic principality under Yemeni suzerainty in 1633, although it later came under Ottoman influence.[2] Najran opposed a Yemeni rebellion against the Ottomans in the 1880s.[3] In the Saudi-Idrisi treaty of 1920, the Emirate of Nejd and Hasa officially laid claim to the territories of Najran, and in 1921 the Ikhwan militia invaded Najran.[4] The Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen also had ambitions in Najran, and thus attempted its own conquest in 1924.[1] In the winter of 1931/1932, Yemeni forces once again attempted to take Najran, but were expelled by the Saudis in 1932.[5] In November 1933, Yemeni forces occupied Najran.[6] In 1934, following the Saudi-Yemeni War, Najran's independence definitively ended when Yemen renounced its claims to Najran and the principality was annexed into Saudi Arabia.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Other Arabian Polities". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
  2. ^ "Other Arabian Polities". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
  3. ^ Farah, Caesar E. (2002-04-26). The Sultan's Yemen: 19th-Century Challenges to Ottoman Rule. I.B.Tauris. p. 110. ISBN 978-1-86064-767-3.
  4. ^ Al-Maghafi, Fadhl (2012). "MORE THAN JUST A BOUNDARY DISPUTE: THE REGIONAL GEOPOLITICS OF SAUDI-YEMENI RELATIONS" (PDF). eprints.soas.ac.uk. p. 110.
  5. ^ Gibler, Dougla; Miller, Steven; Little, Erin (2017). "Report on MIDs that could not be found" (PDF). dmgibler.people.ua.edu. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  6. ^ "WAR TALK IN ARABIA - Britain Watching Developments CAIRO, November 15. - Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) - 16 Nov 1933". Trove. Retrieved 2019-12-11.