Emirate of Riyadh
إمارة الرياض (Arabic)
‘Imāra ar-Riyāḍ‘
Flag of Nejd
Location of Nejd
Common languagesArabic
Sunni Islam
GovernmentIslamic absolute monarchy
• 1902–1913
Abdul Aziz
13 January 1902
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Emirate of Ha'il
Emirate of Nejd and Hasa

The Emirate of Riyadh[1] was the first iteration of the Third Saudi State from 1902 to 1913.[2] It was a monarchy led by the House of Saud.[1] The state was formed after Saudi forces seized Riyadh from the control of the Emirate of Ha'il, led by the House of Rashid, during the Battle of Riyadh.[1] It was the direct antecedent of the Emirate of Nejd and Hasa, and the earliest legal predecessor of present-day Saudi Arabia. Al-Hasa was conquered in 1913.

See also


  1. ^ a b c Madawi Al-Rasheed. A History of Saudi Arabia. Cambridge, England, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. 40.
  2. ^ J. A. Hammerton. Peoples Of All Nations: Their Life Today And Story Of Their Past (in 14 Volumes). Concept Publishing Company, 2007. Pp. 193.