Recreate Greece
Δημιουργία, Ξανά
Dimiourgia, Xana
LeaderThanos Tzimeros
Founded8 December 2011
Ideology
Political positionFar-right[6][7][8]
Parliament
0 / 300
European Parliament
0 / 22
Regions[9]
2 / 725
Website
www.dimiourgiaxana.gr

Recreate Greece (Greek: Δημιουργία, Ξανά, pronounced [ðimiurˈɣiɐ ksɐˈnɐ], Dimiourgia, Xana, literally 'Create, again!') is a Greek far-right[10][11] political party, which has adopted an ideology heavily focused on anti-immigration,[12] anti-Islam[13][14] and anti-communism.[15][16]

History

Founded in December 2011,[17][18] it is led by Thanos Tzimeros[19][20] and is self-identified as a citizen-centered political movement,[21] with emphasis on the rebuilding of the Greek state.[22][23]

The party participated in the May 2012 Greek legislative election shortly after being founded, receiving 2.15% of the total vote, short of the 3% threshold needed to enter Parliament.[24][25] In the repeat elections in June, it formed an electoral alliance with Drasi, a fellow liberal party that had finished directly below them in the May election[26] with 1.8% of the vote.[27] Recreate Greece also approached Democratic Alliance,[28] but the latter opted to run on the New Democracy list instead.[29] In the 17 June 2012 elections, the combined parties garnered only 1.59%, a lower vote than either got in the elections the month before.[30] Drasi would later merge with New Democracy, while Recreate Greece declined further, receiving 0.53% in the 2015 election and 0.74% in 2019. In 2020, Thanos Tzimeros announced a new coaliation with far-right politician Failos Kranidiotis.[31]

Ideology and leadership

Originally, the party's ideology has been referred to as classical liberalism and that it used to promote neoliberal ideas of free markets and small government. Because of his involvement for over a decade, it is widely believed that the party's leader Thanos Tzimeros shapes the party's ideology.[32] His speeches and beliefs have changed over the years, shifting the party further to the right.[33][34] He has been described as extreme or far-right.[10] Tzimeros has described the Greek Communist Party as dangerous and that it must be outlawed,[35] whilst he compares it to neo-Nazism.[36] In some cases, he even expressed controversial opinions about the Greek National Resistance being a historical crime.[37][38] He tends to have controversial views on migration, which have been described as racist, and often proclaims that Islam is a threat.[13][39][40]

Other notable incidents include Tzimeros' calls to overthrow the government in June 2015 which led to a criminal investigation.[41]

Election results

Hellenic Parliament

Election Leader Votes % Seats Rank
May 2012 Thanos Tzimeros 135.965 2,15%
0 / 300
11th
June 2012 Thanos Tzimeros 98.061
1,59%
(with Drassi and Liberal Alliance)
0 / 300
8th
September 2015 Thanos Tzimeros 28.936 0,53%
0 / 300
13th
July 2019 Thanos Tzimeros 41.647 0,74%
0 / 300
10th

European Parliament

Year Leader Votes % Seats Rank Group
2014 Thanos Tzimeros 51.749
0,91%
(with Drassi)
0 / 21
13th ALDE

References

  1. ^ a b c Η δεξιά του νεοφιλελευθερισμού
  2. ^ Θάνος Τζήμερος: Ένας γνήσιος εκφραστής του νεοφιλελευθερισμού
  3. ^ 2012 Greek (2nd) Parliamentary Post-Election Report
  4. ^ Τζημεροδεξιά
  5. ^ Το μέτωπο του παραλόγου
  6. ^ Εποχή - Εκλογικό αποτύπωμα και εμφωλευμένη άκρα δεξιά της Βασιλικής Γεωργιάδου
  7. ^ Οι ακροδεξιές απόψεις του Θάνου Τζήμερου: Ονειρεύεται μετανάστες - οικονομικούς σκλάβους!
  8. ^ https://www.amadeu-antonio-stiftung.de/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/ESOH-LOCKED-FINAL.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  9. ^ The counselors of the Regions.
  10. ^ a b Mulhall, Joe (2021). State of Hate: Far Right Extremism in Europe. Amadeu Antonio Stiftung.
  11. ^ Vamvakas, Vasilis (25 November 2020). "Social Media and the Institutionalization of Hate Speech in Greek Politics". Crisis' Representations: Frontiers and Identities in the Contemporary Media Narratives. Brill. pp. 48–63. doi:10.1163/9789004439559_004. ISBN 978-90-04-43955-9.
  12. ^ Grammenos, Athanasios; Institut, Visio (29 January 2020). "Greek New Right and Eve of Conservative Populism". 4Liberty.eu. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  13. ^ a b Law, Ian; Easat-Daas, Amina; Merali, Arzu; Sayyid, S., eds. (2019). Countering Islamophobia in Europe. Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-16260-3. ISBN 978-3-030-16259-7.
  14. ^ Bayrakli, Enes (2020). European Islamophobia Report 2019. SETA. ISBN 978-625-7040-52-5.
  15. ^ Porčnik, Tanja (2019). Europe: Liberalism vs Authoritarianism. Visio institut.
  16. ^ Ellis, Tom. "The next government, the center and the far-right | eKathimerini.com". www.ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  17. ^ Dimiourgia Xana - Idrytiki Diakyriksi
  18. ^ Real Politics - Archives
  19. ^ Thanos Tzimeros - CV
  20. ^ Capital.gr - Δημιουργία Ξανά...
  21. ^ TVXS - Dimiourgia Xana
  22. ^ Bayerisches Fernsehen
  23. ^ BBC news
  24. ^ Ημερησία online (article in greek)
  25. ^ Έθνος (article in greek)
  26. ^ "Parties forge alliances ahead of June vote". Kathimerini. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  27. ^ "Αποτελέσματα Εκλογών". newsbeast.gr. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  28. ^ "Leader of liberal Drasi sees ND and PASOK disappearing". Kathimerini. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  29. ^ "Bakoyannis returns to ND fold". Kathimerini. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  30. ^ official election results
  31. ^ "Μαζί στις εκλογές Δημιουργία Ξανά και Νέα Δεξιά | LiberalGr". www.liberal.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  32. ^ Λώρη, Κέζα (30 May 2012). "Τζημεροδεξιά". Ειδήσεις - νέα - Το Βήμα Online (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  33. ^ "Ζυμώσεις στα δεξιά της ΝΔ προαναγγέλλει κι επίσημα ο Θάνος Τζήμερος". HuffPost Greece (in Greek). 27 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  34. ^ "The networks and narratives of anti-refugee disinformation in Europe". ISD Global.
  35. ^ tvxs.gr (3 October 2021). "Αντικομμουνισμός για τρεις και το κόμμα Μπογδάνου". TVXS - TV Χωρίς Σύνορα (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Απαράδεκτες δηλώσεις Τζήμερου: Συγκρίνει τον Κουτσούμπα με παιδόφιλο serial killer | Το Κουτί της Πανδώρας". www.koutipandoras.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  37. ^ "https://twitter.com/thanostzimeros/status/911108523077054465". Twitter. Retrieved 11 November 2021. ((cite web)): External link in |title= (help)
  38. ^ "Η Εθνική Αντίσταση, ο Τζήμερος και μία οφειλόμενη απάντηση (pic) | PLUS by gazzetta". www.gazzetta.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  39. ^ Η απειλή του Ισλάμ - #AskTzimeros 21/05/2018, retrieved 11 November 2021
  40. ^ Capital.gr. "Πλατεία Μωάμεθ, πρώην Τραφάλγκαρ". Capital.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  41. ^ Clapp, Alexander (10 July 2015). "Europe Didn't Win". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved 24 May 2022.