Richard Trevor, Bishop of Durham
Richard Trevor, Bishop of Durham

Richard Trevor (30 September 1707 – 9 June 1771)[1] was an English prelate of Welsh descent, who served as Bishop of St Davids from 1744 to 1752 and Bishop of Durham from 1752 until his death.


Trevor was born at Glynde in Sussex, the family seat of the Trevors who had originated in 16th century Wales. He was educated at Westminster School and at Queen's College, Oxford, and became a fellow of All Souls in 1727. He became a canon of Christ Church, Oxford in 1735.

A statue of Bishop Trevor was placed in the Bishop's Chapel at Bishop Auckland in 1775 by Joseph Nollekens.[2]


After his death, the estate of Glynde passed to his elder brother, Robert Hampden-Trevor, 1st Viscount Hampden.

Art collection

Bishop Trevor was a supporter of the Jewish Naturalisation Act 1753. This interest in Jewish causes is reflected in his purchase in 1756 of 12 paintings by the 17th-century Spanish artist Zurbarán from a series known as Jacob and his twelve sons, depicting the Old Testament patriarch Jacob and his sons.[3] They were installed at Auckland Castle, a property of the Bishops of Durham, and remained in the ownership of the Church of England until 2011, when they were transferred, along with the castle, to a charitable trust backed by philanthropist Jonathan Ruffer,[4][5]



  1. ^ "TREVOR family, of Trevalun, Denbs., Plas Têg, Flints., and Glynde, Sussex". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  2. ^ Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851 by Rupert Gunnis p.277
  3. ^ Bailey, Martin (2011). "Zurbarán sale could lead to National Gallery branch". The Art Newspaper. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  4. ^ Lloyd, Chris (25 February 2012). "Prince Charles' charities support for Auckland Castle project". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  5. ^ "Zurbaran Paintings". Auckland Castle. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
Church of England titles Preceded byEdward Willes Bishop of St David's 1744–1752 Succeeded byAnthony Ellis Preceded byJoseph Butler Bishop of Durham 1752–1771 Succeeded byJohn Egerton