George Montaigne
Archbishop of York
George Montaigne during his time as Bishop of London.
ChurchChurch of England
InstalledJuly 1628
Term ended24 October 1628
PredecessorTobias Matthew
SuccessorSamuel Harsnett
Ordination28 June 1593
by Richard Howland
Consecration14 December 1617
by George Abbot
Personal details
Died24 October 1628
BuriedAll Saints' Church, Cawood
Ordination history of
George Montaigne
Diaconal ordination
Ordained byRichard Howland
Date28 June 1593
Priestly ordination
Ordained byRichard Howland
Date28 June 1593
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorGeorge Abbot
Co-consecratorsMarco Antonio de Dominis
John King
Lancelot Andrewes
John Buckeridge
John Overall
Date14 December 1617

George Montaigne (or Mountain; 1569 – 24 October 1628) was an English bishop.


Montaigne was born in 1569 at Cawood, Yorkshire.[2] He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge, matriculating at Michaelmas 1586, graduating B.A. 1590, M.A. 1593, B.D. 1602, D.D. 1607, and holding a fellowship at Queens' 1592–1611. He was ordained deacon and priest at Peterborough in 1593.[3]

In 1597 he was chaplain to Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, on his expedition against Cadiz. He became rector of Great Cressingham in 1602. He was Gresham College Professor of Divinity in 1607, and in 1608 Master of the Savoy and chaplain to James VI and I.[2]

He was Dean of Westminster in 1610. He was appointed Bishop of Lincoln in 1617 and was consecrated on 14 December that year by Archbishop George Abbot, and co-consecrated by the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Split Marco Antonio de Dominis. He was appointed Lord High Almoner in 1619, Bishop of London in 1621 and Bishop of Durham in 1627.[2]

When in 1628 the archbishopric of York fell vacant by the death of Tobias Matthew, Montaigne is said to have secured the nomination by remarking to Charles I, "Hadst thou faith as a grain of mustard seed, thou wouldst say unto this mountain, be removed into that sea [see]" (Matthew 17:20). He was duly elected to the archbishopric on 1 July, but died in London on 24 October 1628, and was buried in Cawood Church.[2]

He was one of the Arminian group of bishops who arose in opposition to the general Calvinism that prevailed in the Church of England in the early seventeenth century. One manifestation of his views were prosecutions in his London diocese for the disrespectful wearing of hats in services.[4]

Notes and references

  1. ^ Robert David Redmile (September 2006). The Apostolic Succession and the Catholic Episcopate in the Christian Episcopal. Xulon Press. p. 181. ISBN 978-1-60034-516-6.
  2. ^ a b c d Bradley, E. B. (1894). "Montaigne, George" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. ^ "Montaigne, George (MNTN586G)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. ^ Corns, Thomas N. (2003). A Companion to Milton. p. 115.
Academic offices Preceded byWilliam Dakins Gresham Professor of Divinity 1607–1610 Succeeded byWilliam Osbaldeston Church of England titles Preceded byRichard Neile Dean of Westminster 1610–1617 Succeeded byRobert Tounson Preceded byRichard Neile Bishop of Lincoln 1617–1621 Succeeded byJohn Williams Preceded byJohn King Bishop of London 1621–1627 Succeeded byWilliam Laud Preceded byRichard Neile Bishop of Durham 1627–1628 Succeeded byJohn Howson Preceded byTobias Matthew Archbishop of York 1628 Succeeded bySamuel Harsnett