Royal Statistical Society
Formation15 March 1834[1]
TypeProfessional body, learned society, charity
Legal statusNon-profit company
PurposeA world where data are at the heart of understanding and decision making
HeadquartersLondon, EC1
United Kingdom
Region served
British and worldwide statisticians and data professionals
Chief Executive
Sarah Cumbers
Main organ
RSS Council (President: Andrew Garrett)
AffiliationsAmerican Statistical Association Edit this at Wikidata

The Royal Statistical Society (RSS) is an established statistical society. It has three main roles: a British learned society for statistics, a professional body for statisticians and a charity which promotes statistics for the public good.


The early seal of the Statistical Society of London, a wheatsheaf with the motto Aliis exterendum
Later seal

The society was founded in 1834 as the Statistical Society of London, though a perhaps unrelated London Statistical Society was in existence at least as early as 1824.[2][3] At that time there were many provincial statistics societies throughout Britain, but most have not survived. The Manchester Statistical Society (which is older than the LSS) is a notable exception. The associations were formed with the object of gathering information about society.[4] The idea of statistics referred more to political knowledge rather than a series of methods. The members called themselves "statists" and the original aim was "...procuring, arranging and publishing facts to illustrate the condition and prospects of society" and the idea of interpreting data, or having opinions, was explicitly excluded. The original seal had the motto Aliis Exterendum (for others to thresh out, i.e. interpret) but this separation was found to be a hindrance and the motto was dropped in later logos.[5] It was many decades before mathematics was regarded as part of the statistical project.[6]


Fellowship of the Royal Statistical Society is open to anyone with an interest in statistics.[7] It is not restricted to only those with high achievement within the discipline. This distinguishes it from other learned societies, where usually the fellow grade is the highest grade in that discipline.

Key figures

Instrumental in founding the Statistical Society of London were Richard Jones, Charles Babbage, Adolphe Quetelet, William Whewell, Thomas Malthus, and William Henry Sykes. Among its famous members was Florence Nightingale, who was the society's first female member in 1858. Stella Cunliffe was the first female president. Other notable RSS presidents have included William Beveridge, Ronald Fisher, Harold Wilson, and David Cox.

For a more comprehensive list, see List of presidents of the Royal Statistical Society.

Honorary Secretaries include Gerald Goodhardt (1982–88).

Royal Charter

The LSS became the RSS (Royal Statistical Society) by Royal Charter in 1887,[8] and merged with the Institute of Statisticians in 1993. The merger enabled the society to take on the role of a professional body as well as that of a learned society. As of 2019, the society claims more than 10,000 members around the world, of whom some 1,500 are professionally qualified, with the status of Chartered Statistician (CStat). In January 2009, the RSS received Licensed Body status from the UK Science Council to award Chartered Scientist status. Since February 2009 the society has awarded Chartered Scientist status to suitably qualified members.

Unusually among professional societies, all members of the RSS are known as "Fellows". Fellowship is nowadays not usually used by post-merger members as a post-nominal mark of distinction. However, before the 1993 merger with the Institute of Statisticians, Fellows often used the post-nominal letters FSS. Before the merger, Fellows were required to have a statistical qualification. The alternative route was to be proposed by two Fellows. The nomination paper then had to be approved by the Council. After the merger these requirements were dropped and all the previous members of the Institute of Statisticians became Fellows as well. Since then, use by new members of their unearned post-nominal FSS qualification was viewed as inappropriate[9] and strongly discouraged, and it became less common.


The RSS has premises (including offices and meeting rooms) in Errol Street, EC1, in the London Borough of Islington close to the boundary with the City of London, between Old Street and Barbican stations.

The society has various local groups in the UK, together with a wide range of topic-related sections and special interest groups. Each of these sections and groups organises lectures and seminars on statistical topics.


The society was particularly engaged with the passage of the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, having long argued for legislation on statistics.


The RSS organises an annual conference. Among the society's awards are the Guy Medals in gold, silver and bronze, in honour of William Guy.

The RSS team reached the finals of University Challenge: The Professionals 2006, where they were beaten 230 to 125 by a team from the Bodleian Library, Oxford.


Significance magazine

The society publishes the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,[10] which currently consists of three separate series of journals whose contents include papers presented at ordinary meetings of the society, namely Series A (Statistics in Society), Series B (Statistical Methodology) and Series C (Applied Statistics), as well as a general audience magazine called Significance published in conjunction with the American Statistical Association. In September 2013, the society established StatsLife, an online magazine website that features news, interviews and opinion from the world of statistics and data.

See also


  1. ^ Hill, I. D. (1984). "Statistical Society of London--Royal Statistical Society: The First 100 Years: 1834-1934". Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (General). 147 (2): 130–139. doi:10.2307/2981670. JSTOR 2981670.
  2. ^ Statistical Illustrations ... of the British Empire, London Statistical Society, Third Edition, 1827
  3. ^ Willcox, WF (1934). "Note on the Chronology of Statistical Societies". Journal of the American Statistical Association. 29 (188): 418–420. doi:10.2307/2278614. JSTOR 2278614.
  4. ^ Hilts, V. L. (1978). "Aliis Exterendum, or the Origins of the Statistical Society of London". Isis. 69 (1): 21–43. doi:10.1086/351931. JSTOR 230606. S2CID 145259563.
  5. ^ Hilts, V. L. (1978). "Aliis Exterendum, or the Origins of the Statistical Society of London". Isis. 69 (1): 21–43. doi:10.1086/351931. JSTOR 230606. S2CID 145259563.
  6. ^ Aldrich, J. (2010) "Mathematics in the London/Royal Statistical Society 1834-1934", Electronic Journ@l for History of Probability and Statistics, 6, (1).
  7. ^ "Fellow Grade of Royal Statistical Society". Archived from the original on 13 August 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  8. ^ S. Rosenbaum (1984). "The Growth of the Royal Statistical Society". Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (General). 147 (2). Blackwell Publishing: 375–388. doi:10.2307/2981692. JSTOR 2981692.
  9. ^ Professional membership pages on the RSS website: "The Royal Statistical Society". Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011. and "The Royal Statistical Society". Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
  10. ^ S. Rosenbaum (2001). "Precursors of the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society". The Statistician. 50 (4): 457–466. doi:10.1111/1467-9884.00290. JSTOR 2681228.

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