Sabaot
Sebei
Native toKenya/Uganda
RegionMount Elgon
EthnicitySabaot people/Sebei people
Native speakers
240,000 (2009 census)[1]
Dialects
  • Bong’omeek (Bong’om)
  • Koony (Kony)
  • Book (Pok)
  • Sapiiny (Sapiny)
Language codes
ISO 639-3spy
Glottologsaba1262

Sabaot (Sebei) is a Kalenjin language of Kenya. The Sabaot people live around Mount Elgon in both Kenya and Uganda. The hills of their homeland gradually rise from an elevation of 5,000 to 14,000 feet. The KenyaUganda border goes straight through the mountain-top, cutting the Sabaot homeland into two halves.[2]

Grammar

Typical of Nilotic languages, Sabaot uses advanced tongue root (ATR) to express some morphological operations:

kɔ̀ɔmnyɔɔnɔɔté

ka-

PAST-

a-

1SG-

mnyaan

be.sick

-aa

-STAT

-tɛ

-DIR

-ATR

-IMPERF

ka- a- mnyaan -aa -tɛ -ATR

PAST- 1SG- be.sick -STAT -DIR -IMPERF

'I went being sick (but I am not sick now).' Unknown glossing abbreviation(s) (help);

káámnyáánáátɛ́

ka-

PAST-

'I

a-

1SG-

became

mnyaan

be.sick

sick

-aa

-STAT

while

-tɛ

-DIR

going

 

 

away

 

 

(and

 

 

I'm

 

 

still

 

 

sick)'.

ka- a- mnyaan -aa -tɛ

PAST- 1SG- be.sick -STAT -DIR

'I became sick while going away (and I'm still sick)'.

[3] Mismatch in the number of words between lines: 5 word(s) in line 1, 5 word(s) in line 2, 10 word(s) in line 3 (help); Unknown glossing abbreviation(s) (help);

References

Sabaot SIDO Website:[4]

  1. ^ Sabaot at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ "The Sabaot of Kenya" (PDF). Joshua Project. 1991. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-07-01.
  3. ^ Payne, Thomas E. (1997). Describing morphosyntax: A guide for field linguists. Cambridge University Press. p. 29.
  4. ^ "Home". sabaots.com.