Logorik
Laggori, Liguri, Logori, Subori
Native toSudan
RegionSouth Kordofan
EthnicityLogorik
Native speakers
(2,000 cited 1971)[1]
Dialects
  • Liguri
  • Saburi
  • Tallau
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3liu
Glottologlogo1261
ELPLogorik
Logorik is classified as Critically Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

Logorik, Subori, or Saburi is a (critically) endangered[2][3] language spoken in Eastern Sudan and Western Chad.[4][5]

General information

It is a part of the Nilo-Saharan group and the subcategory of the Eastern Daju languages.[4][5] It is spoken by the Subori people in the Nuba Mountains and South Kordofan.[4][5]

Meinhof claims, that there are hardly any similarities between this language and other Kordofan languages vocabulary-wise.[6] At the same time, the Logorik-speaking community is overwhelmingly bilingual; other dominating languages being, among others, Arabic, (due to the Arabic migration in the region).[4][5] This causes a high percentage of loanwords and grammatical borrowings (mostly Arabic) in the Logorik language.[4]

Phonetics

Vowels

Logorik vowels[4]
i u
e o
ə
a

Consonants

Logorik consonants[4]
p, b t,d (ɖ, ʈ) k,g (ʔ)
ɓ ɗ f
ʧ, tʒ
(f)* s, z x h
m n ɲ ŋ
r (ɽ)
l
w

*The labiodental "f" is quite rare and it usually appears in loanwords and other borrowings from foreign languages.[4]

Also, it is worth mentioning, that the glottal stops, symbolized by (ʔ), are present in Logorik.[4]

Tonality

Logorik is a tonal language, meaning there are high tones and falling tones.[4] When it comes to tones, the tone of a preceding syllable must be different from the one coming after it.[4]

Grammar

Genus

There is no feminine genus in the Logorik language morphology-wise.[4] There are however six other classes and their plural form depends on the final position of the singular form.[4]

Nouns

A plural form of a noun is created by adding an appropriate suffix.[4]

Verbs

There are only perfective and imperfective conjugations documented.[4] Prefixes and suffixes play a very important role in signaling the context/tense, e.g. future tense is shown by the prefix and háŋ-; habitual activities by a suffix -cà.[4]

References

  1. ^ Logorik at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Atlas of the world's languages in danger. Christopher Moseley, Alexandre Nicolas, Unesco, Unesco. Intangible Cultural Heritage Section (3rd ed. entirely revised, enlarged and updated ed.). Paris: Unesco. 2010. ISBN 978-92-3-104095-5. OCLC 610522460.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fenning, Charles D. (2020). Ethnoloɠue: Languages in Africa and Europe (23rd ed.). Dallas: SIL International Publications. p.279. ISBN 978-1-55671-458-0.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Manfredi, Stefano (2013). Nuba Mountain Language Studies. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe. pp. 463–484. ((cite book)): |work= ignored (help)
  5. ^ a b c d Thelwall, Robin. 1978. Lexicostatistical Relations between Nubian, Daju and Dinka. In Études nubiennes: Colloque de Chantilly, 2-6 juillet 1975, 265-286. Le Caire: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale du Caire.
  6. ^ Meinhof, Carl (1965) [1910-1919]. "Saburi". Zeitschrift für Kolonialsprachen. 7/9: 48–49.