Laggori, Liguri, Logori, Subori
Native toSudan
RegionSouth Kordofan
Native speakers
(2,000 cited 1971)[1]
  • Liguri
  • Saburi
  • Tallau
Language codes
ISO 639-3liu
Logorik is classified as Critically Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

Logorik, Subori, or Saburi is a (critically) endangered[2][3] language spoken in Eastern Sudan and Western Chad.[4][5]

General information

It is a part of the Nilo-Saharan group and the subcategory of the Eastern Daju languages.[4][5] It is spoken by the Subori people in the Nuba Mountains and South Kordofan.[4][5]

Meinhof claims, that there are hardly any similarities between this language and other Kordofan languages vocabulary-wise.[6] At the same time, the Logorik-speaking community is overwhelmingly bilingual; other dominating languages being, among others, Arabic, (due to the Arabic migration in the region).[4][5] This causes a high percentage of loanwords and grammatical borrowings (mostly Arabic) in the Logorik language.[4]



Logorik vowels[4]
Front Central Back
High i u
Mid-High e o
Mid ə
Low a


Logorik consonants[4]
Labial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive/Affricate Voiceless p t (ʈ) ʧ k (ʔ)
Voiced b d (ɖ) [a] g
Implosive ɓ ɗ ʄ
Fricative Voiceless (f)[b] s x h
Voiced z
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Rhotic r (ɽ)
Lateral l
Approximant w
  1. ^ written in Manfredi 2013[4]
  2. ^ /f/ is quite rare. It usually appears in loanwords and other borrowings.[4]

Also, it is worth mentioning, that the glottal stops, symbolized by (ʔ), are present in Logorik.[4]


Logorik is a tonal language, meaning there are high tones and falling tones.[4] When it comes to tones, the tone of a preceding syllable must be different from the one coming after it.[4]



There is no feminine genus in the Logorik language morphology-wise.[4] There are however six other classes and their plural form depends on the final position of the singular form.[4]


A plural form of a noun is created by adding an appropriate suffix.[4]


There are only perfective and imperfective conjugations documented.[4] Prefixes and suffixes play a very important role in signaling the context/tense, e.g. future tense is shown by the prefix and háŋ-; habitual activities by a suffix -cà.[4]


  1. ^ Logorik at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Atlas of the world's languages in danger. Christopher Moseley, Alexandre Nicolas, Unesco, Unesco. Intangible Cultural Heritage Section (3rd ed. entirely revised, enlarged and updated ed.). Paris: Unesco. 2010. ISBN 978-92-3-104095-5. OCLC 610522460.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fenning, Charles D. (2020). Ethnoloɠue: Languages in Africa and Europe (23rd ed.). Dallas: SIL International Publications. p.279. ISBN 978-1-55671-458-0.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Manfredi, Stefano (2013). "Arabic borrowings in Laggori (Eastern Daju)". Nuba Mountain Language Studies. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe. pp. 463–484.
  5. ^ a b c d Thelwall, Robin. 1978. Lexicostatistical Relations between Nubian, Daju and Dinka. In Études nubiennes: Colloque de Chantilly, 2-6 juillet 1975, 265-286. Le Caire: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale du Caire.
  6. ^ Meinhof, Carl (1965) [1910-1919]. "Saburi". Zeitschrift für Kolonialsprachen. 7/9: 48–49.