Native toKenya, Tanzania
RegionKinare: Kinare, Kenya, on the eastern slope of the Rift Valley.
Sogoo: Kenya, southern Mau forest between the Amala and Ewas Ng'iro rivers.
Akiek: Tanzania, southern part of Arusha Region.
EthnicityOkiek, Akiek
Native speakers
79,000 in Kenya (2009 census)[1]
A few older speakers in Tanzania
  • Kinare (extinct)
  • Sogoo (endangered)
  • Akiek (endangered)
Language codes
ISO 639-3oki

Ogiek (also Okiek and Akiek)[2] is a Southern Nilotic language of the Kalenjin family spoken or once spoken by the Ogiek peoples, scattered groups of hunter-gatherers in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania. Most if not all Ogiek speakers have assimilated to cultures of surrounding peoples: the Akiek in northern Tanzania now speak Maasai and the Akiek of Kinare, Kenya now speak Gikuyu. Ndorobo is a term considered derogatory, occasionally used to refer to various groups of hunter-gatherers in this area, including the Ogiek.


There are three main Ogiek varieties that have been documented, though there are several dozen named local Ogiek groups:

See also


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  1. ^ Ogiek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ The initial vowel varies by dialect. The first consonant is /k/, but is pronounced [ɡ] or [ɣ] between vowels.