Ogiek
Okiek
Akiek
Native toKenya, Tanzania
RegionKinare: Kinare, Kenya, on the eastern slope of the Rift Valley.
Sogoo: Kenya, southern Mau forest between the Amala and Ewas Ng'iro rivers.
Akiek: Tanzania, southern part of Arusha Region.
EthnicityOkiek, Akiek
Native speakers
79,000 in Kenya (2009 census)[1]
A few older speakers in Tanzania
Dialects
  • Kinare (extinct)
  • Sogoo (endangered)
  • Akiek (endangered)
Language codes
ISO 639-3oki
Glottologokie1247
ELPOkiek
Linguasphere04-CAA-e

Ogiek (also Okiek and Akiek)[2] is a Southern Nilotic language of the Kalenjin family spoken or once spoken by the Ogiek peoples, scattered groups of hunter-gatherers in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania. Most if not all Ogiek speakers have assimilated to cultures of surrounding peoples: the Akiek in northern Tanzania now speak Maasai and the Akiek of Kinare, Kenya now speak Gikuyu. Ndorobo is a term considered derogatory, occasionally used to refer to various groups of hunter-gatherers in this area, including the Ogiek.

Dialects

There are three main Ogiek varieties that have been documented, though there are several dozen named local Ogiek groups:

See also

References

This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
  1. ^ Ogiek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ The initial vowel varies by dialect. The first consonant is /k/, but is pronounced [ɡ] or [ɣ] between vowels.

Bibliography