Chingoni, Xingoni
Native toTanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi
Native speakers
311,000 (2006–2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
xnj – Tanzanian Ngoni
xnq – Mozambican Ngoni

Ngoni is a Bantu language of Zambia, Tanzania, and Mozambique. There is a 'hard break' across the Tanzanian–Mozambican border, with marginal mutual intelligibility. It is one of several languages of the Ngoni people, who descend from the Nguni people of southern Africa, and the language is a member of the Nguni subgroup, with the variety spoken in Malawi sometimes referred to as a dialect of Zulu.[3][4] Other languages spoken by the Ngoni may also be referred to as "Chingoni"; many Ngoni in Malawi, for instance, speak Chewa, and other Ngoni speak Tumbuka or Nsenga.


  1. ^ "Ngoni". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
  2. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  3. ^ Miti, L. M. (1996) Subgrouping Ngoni varieties within Nguni: a lexicostatistical approach, SAJAL 16: 82–92.
  4. ^ Gowlett, D. (2003) "Zone S" in The Bantu Languages (eds. Derek Nurse and Gerard Phillippson), p. 735.