septimal major second
Inverseharmonic seventh
Other namesSeptimal whole tone, Supermajor second, Septimal supermajor second
AbbreviationS2, SM2
Interval class~2.5
Just interval8:7[1]
12-Tone equal temperament200
24-Tone equal temperament250
Just intonation231
3-limit 9:8 major tone Play.
7-limit 8:7 septimal whole tone Play.
Septimal major second on B7 Play.

In music, the septimal whole tone, septimal major second,[2] supermajor second,[3][4] or septimal supermajor second play is the musical interval exactly or approximately equal to an 8/7 ratio of frequencies.[5] It is about 231 cents wide in just intonation.[6] 24 equal temperament does not match this interval particularly well, its nearest representation being at 250 cents, approximately 19 cents sharp. The septimal whole tone may be derived from the harmonic series as the interval between the seventh and eighth harmonics and the term septimal refers to the fact that it utilizes the seventh harmonic.[6] It can also be thought of as the octave inversion of the 7/4 interval, the harmonic seventh.

Origin of large and small seconds and thirds in harmonic series.[7]

No close approximation to this interval exists in the standard 12 equal temperament used in most modern western music. The very simple 5 equal temperament is the smallest system to match this interval well. 26 equal temperament matches this interval almost perfectly with an error of only 0.4 cents, but at the cost of the significant flatness of its major thirds and fifths. 31 equal temperament, which has much more accurate fifths and major thirds, approximates 8/7 with a slightly higher error of 1.1 cents.


  1. ^ Haluska, Jan (2003). The Mathematical Theory of Tone Systems, p.xxiii. ISBN 0-8247-4714-3. Septimal whole tone.
  2. ^ Partch, Harry (1979). Genesis of a Music, p.68. ISBN 0-306-80106-X.
  3. ^ Royal Society (Great Britain) (1880, digitized Feb 26, 2008). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Volume 30, p.531. Harvard University.
  4. ^ Society of Arts (Great Britain) (1877, digitized Nov 19, 2009). Journal of the Society of Arts, Volume 25, p.670. The Society.
  5. ^ Andrew Horner, Lydia Ayres (2002). Cooking with Csound: Woodwind and Brass Recipes, p.131. ISBN 0-89579-507-8. "Super-Major Second".
  6. ^ a b Leta E. Miller, Fredric Lieberman (2006). Lou Harrison, p.72. ISBN 0-252-03120-2.
  7. ^ Leta E. Miller, ed. (1988). Lou Harrison: Selected keyboard and chamber music, 1937-1994, p.xliii. ISBN 978-0-89579-414-7.