Shefford
Shefford High Street
Shefford is located in Bedfordshire
Shefford
Shefford
Location within Bedfordshire
Population7,311 (Parish, 2021)[1]
Civil parish
  • Shefford
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townShefford
Postcode districtSG17
Dialling code01462
PoliceBedfordshire
FireBedfordshire and Luton
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°02′13″N 0°19′55″W / 52.037°N 0.332°W / 52.037; -0.332

Shefford is a town and civil parish in the Central Bedfordshire district of Bedfordshire, England. At the 2021 census it had a population of 7,311. It lies 10 miles (16 km) south-east of Bedford. The town gives its name to Shefford, Quebec.[2]

Toponymy

The name Shefford means "sheep ford", referencing the fords over the River Flit and River Hit. The name was recorded as "Shipford" in 1229, with the modern spelling being recorded from as early as 1262.[3]

History

Roman remains were discovered in Shefford in the early nineteenth century.[4]

Shefford grew up between a pair of fords on the main road from Bedford to Hitchin where it crosses the River Flit and River Hit. Another road leading west from that main road, heading towards Ampthill, became the town's High Street. Both fords were later replaced by bridges; North Bridge over the Flit and South Bridge over the Hit. A market was being held at Shefford by 1225, with a formal market charter being issued in 1229.[5] By the fifteenth century the church of St Michael and All Angels had been built at the eastern end of the High Street near the junction with Southbridge Street, originally serving as a chapel of ease to Campton.[6][7]

The cottage where the poet Robert Bloomfield died in 1823

The working class poet Robert Bloomfield lived in Shefford from 1812 until his death there in 1823.[8] One of the town's schools is named after him.[9]

The Ivel Navigation was extended to reach the town in 1823, with the extension also being known as the Shefford Canal. It closed to traffic in 1876 following growing competition from the railways.[10] The Midland Railway opened Shefford railway station in 1857 on its original main line to London. The route was downgraded to become the Bedford to Hitchin branch line following the opening of a new main line in 1868. It closed to passengers in 1961 and freight in 1964.[11]

St Francis' Catholic Church and adjoining former orphanage buildings.

Between 1869 and 1974 Shefford was the site of an orphanage called St Francis' Boy's Home run by the Roman Catholic Church. It was situated on High Street next to the Catholic church of St Francis of Assisi. The church remains in use as a place of worship. The orphanage buildings have been converted into flats.[7][12]

During World War II an entire Jewish children's community came into being in Shefford as 500 pupils from Judith Grunfeld's school were billeted in and around the town. The school was moved in 1939 and remained in Shefford until 1945.[13] This was part of "Operation Pied Piper" where schools were moved in anticipation of wartime bombing. A book was written about this time, titled "Shefford: The Story of a Jewish School Community in Evacuation, 1939-1945", telling the story of the evacuated school.[14]

Geography

The River Flit and the River Hit run through the town. The Flit runs from Flitwick and joins the River Ivel on the edge of Shefford. The Ivel eventually joins the River Great Ouse just north of Sandy.

Governance

Shefford House, 15 High Street: Offices of Shefford Town Council.

There are two tiers of local government covering Shefford, at civil parish (town) and unitary authority level: Shefford Town Council and Central Bedfordshire Council. The town council is based at Shefford House at 15 High Street.[15] Central Bedfordshire Council has its main offices at Priory House in Chicksands, immediately west of Shefford.[16]

Shefford was historically a chapelry and township in the ancient parish of Campton. It became a separate civil parish in 1866.[17] It remained part of the ecclesiastical parish of Campton until 1903.[18]

Shefford Hardwick was an extra-parochial area north-west of Shefford. Such extra-parochial areas were made civil parishes in 1858. The parish of Shefford Hardwick was subsequently abolished in 1933 and absorbed into Shefford, which also gained territory from the neighbouring parishes of Southill, Clifton, Meppershall and Campton at the same time.[19]

Facilities

Shefford incorporates a fire station, bowls club, sports club, a Memorial Hall, a Community Hall, many pubs and a brewery. As well as this, it has a variety of restaurants, including Chinese takeaways, award-winning Indian takeaways/restaurants, Turkish takeaway/restaurant and a fish and chip shop. Shefford has two petrol stations, two car dealers, and two pharmacies. There are three estate agents, a newsagent, a convenience store, a charity shop, an angling centre, a bakery, a tea room, a wine bar, a Post Office with sorting facilities an ironmonger/building supply centre, and the Banks and Taylor micro brewery (est. 1982).[20]

There are two small supermarkets in town and one on the outskirts, a travel agent and a public library.[citation needed]

There are four Churches - Anglican, Baptist, Methodist and Roman Catholic. Several schools and nurseries, and a large medical practice.[citation needed]

The town has a scout group, Guiding Groups and a local Army Cadet Force hut at Chicksands on the Army Intelligence Corps base, which is part of Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire ACF, in 4 Company.[citation needed]

Transport

Shefford railway station was on the Bedford–Hitchin line but closed to passengers in 1961 and to freight in 1964; its goods yard is now the site of an industrial estate. Current public transport provision consists of hourly buses 9A and 9B between Bedford and Hitchin, operated by Intalink.[21]

Education

The areas around Shefford are served by the middle school Robert Bloomfield Academy which has a Grade 1 (outstanding) Ofsted report,[citation needed] Samuel Whitbread Academy, Shefford Lower School, Shefford Nursery, BEST nursery and Acorn Pre-School & The Mighty Oaks.

Sport and leisure

See also: Sport in Bedfordshire

Shefford has a Non-League football club Shefford Town & Campton F.C. who play at STMA (Digswell). It is where Jack Collison (Wales and West Ham Footballer) grew up and went to school. There is also a Shefford Saints (Junior) FC where girls and boys from Shefford and the surrounding villages are able to join from the U5 Development squad up to U16 merging into the Adult team.[citation needed]

A modern, concrete skatepark is currently[when?] in the planning stages to be constructed on the new building site located off of Campton road.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ "Shefford parish". City Population. Retrieved 21 September 2023.
  2. ^ "Banque de noms de lieux du Québec: Reference number 59461". toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec.
  3. ^ "The Parish of Shefford in general". Bedfordshire Archives. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  4. ^ Shefford Pages at the Community archive. http://www.bedfordshire.gov.uk/CommunityAndLiving/ArchivesAndRecordOffice/CommunityArchives/Shefford/Romano-BritishShefford.aspx Archived 19 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine; Roman cemetery, Roman coins, Possible Roman road.
  5. ^ "Shefford Market". Bedfordshire Archvies. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Parish Church of St Michael and All Angels (Grade II) (1321780)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  7. ^ a b Page, William (1908). A History of the County of Bedfordshire. London: Victoria County History. pp. 266–276. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  8. ^ Chamber’s Cyclopaedia of English Literature, Edinburgh, 1844, vol.2, pp.283-4, at Google Books, [1]
  9. ^ "Robert Bloomfield Academy". Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  10. ^ Faulkner, Alan. "The River Ivel and Shefford Canal". East Anglian Waterways Association. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  11. ^ Rowe, Phil. "Hitchin to Bedford Railway". Hitchin Historical Society. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  12. ^ "Saint Francis Home Shefford". Bedfordshire Archives. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  13. ^ "Grunfeld [née Rosenbaum], Judith (1902–1998), headmistress". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/75144. Retrieved 20 August 2020. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  14. ^ Grunfeld-Rosenbaum, Judith (2004). Shefford: The Story of a Jewish School Community in Evacuation, 1939-1945. Feldheim Publishers. ISBN 978-1-58330-633-8.
  15. ^ "Contact". Shefford Town Council. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  16. ^ "Chicksands - Priory House address Head Office". Central Bedfordshire Council. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  17. ^ "Shefford Township / Civil Parish". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  18. ^ "No. 27608". The London Gazette. 23 October 1903. p. 6436.
  19. ^ "Shefford Hardwick Extra-Parochial Area / Civil Parish". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  20. ^ Banks and Taylor website
  21. ^ https://www.intalink.org.uk/services/f994c7ca-0244-457c-8731-ddd6374679d5