Upper Caldecote
All Saints' Church, Upper Caldecote
Upper Caldecote is located in Bedfordshire
Upper Caldecote
Upper Caldecote
Location within Bedfordshire
OS grid referenceTL167459
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtSG18
Dialling code01767
FireBedfordshire and Luton
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
52°05′56″N 0°17′53″W / 52.099°N 0.298°W / 52.099; -0.298

Upper Caldecote is a village in the Central Bedfordshire district of Bedfordshire, England about 8 miles (13 km) south-east of Bedford.

Its population at the 2011 census was 1,218.[1]

It is part of Northill civil parish.

Most of Upper Caldecote is situated directly to the west of the A1 road, with facilities including Caldecote CE Academy (a lower school), a post office, Anglican church, Methodist chapel, antiques shop, garage, G&M Growers, cricket club, football pitches and changing rooms, tennis courts, netball court, children's park and two newsagents.

The Anglican church of All Saints was built in 1867–8, in yellow brick with red brick banding and dressings, to designs of Arthur Blomfield.[2]


Upper Caldecote is 1.5 miles (2 km) north-west of Biggleswade, 19 miles (31 km) west south-west of Cambridge and 42 miles (68 km) north of London.


The village lies within the Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire Claylands (NCA 88) as designated by Natural England.[3] Central Bedfordshire Council has locally classified the landscape as Lower Ivel Clay Valley (type 4B) where flat, open arable fields predominate.[4]


Upper Caldecote is 35 metres (115 ft) above sea level.[5]

Geology, soil type and land use

The village lies on glacial gravel.[6] The soil has low fertility, is freely draining and slightly acid with a loamy texture.[7]

Roads and footpaths

Upper Caldecote is set along two main roads: north-south along Hitchin Road and east–west along Biggleswade Road.

A public footpath runs from the thatched weatherboarded cottage on the Biggleswade Road to Beeston. Another begins from opposite no. 49 Hitchin Road and joins a bridleway to Ickwell.

The night sky and light pollution

Light pollution is the level of radiance (night lights) shining up into the night sky. The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) divides the level of night sky brightness into 9 bands with band 1 being the darkest i.e. with the lowest level of light pollution and band 9 the brightest and most polluted. Upper Caldecote with an index of 1-2 nanoWatts (nW) is in band 4. The night sky brightens towards Biggleswade.[8][9]


Councillors are elected to Northill Parish Council and to represent Northill ward on the Central Bedfordshire Unitary Authority Council. Upper Caldecote is in the North East Bedfordshire parliamentary constituency.[10]

Prior to 1894, Upper Caldecote was administered as part of the hundred of Wixamtree. From 1894 until 1974 it was in Biggleswade Rural District and from 1974 to 2009 in Mid Bedfordshire District.

Public transport

Bus route no. 74 to Biggleswade and Bedford is operated by Grant Palmer and runs most hours, morning to early evening, Monday to Saturday. Community bus operator Ivel Sprinter provides a service to Cambridge each Wednesday and Wanderbus a monthly service to St. Neots.

The nearest railway station is Biggleswade.

Community and amenities

A post office branch is within the Londis store on Hitchin Road. A farm shop is also on Hitchin Road just before the B658 roundabout and a small convenience store is on Biggleswade Road.

All Saints Parish Church was consecrated by the Bishop of Ely in 1868. The Methodist Church was built in 1909. An antique shop occupies the former Wesleyan Chapel on Hitchin Road.

Caldecote Church of England Academy educates children from age 3 to 9. The Diocese of St Albans Multi-Academy Trust is the governing body.

Bedfordshire Archives and Record Service list five former beerhouses/public houses in the village. The last to close was the Rose & Crown in 2001.[11]


There is a playing field and sports pavilion maintained by the Caldecote Playing Fields Association charity.

Caldecote Football Club competes in the Bedfordshire County Football League Premier Division. The team have finished champions of the Premier Division a record nine times in all: in 1996–7, four times in a row from 1998–9 to 2001–2, 2004–5, 2005–6, 2008-9 and 2012–13. The Britannia Cup was won a record seven times between 1996-7 and 2009–10.[12]

Caldecote Cricket Club finished top of the second division of the Bedfordshire County Cricket League in 2019.

See also


  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Upper Caldecote Built-up area (E34003906)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints, Upper Caldecote (1274788)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  3. ^ "National Character Areas". Natural England. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  4. ^ "4B Lower Ivel Clay Valley" (PDF). Central Bedfordshire. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Upper Caldecote: elevation". Route Calculator. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Sheet 204. Geological Survey of England & Wales". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  7. ^ "Soilscapes Viewer". LandIS - Land Information System. Cranfield University. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  8. ^ "Night Blight 2016: Mapping England's Light Pollution and Dark Skies". Campaign to Protect Rural England. CPRE. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  9. ^ "Map". nightblight. Campaign for the Protection of Rural England. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  10. ^ "UK Electoral Constituencies, Wards/Divisions". AZ. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Upper Caldecote Pubs". Bedfordshire Archives & Records Service. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  12. ^ "League Handbook Season 2019-20" (PDF). Bedfordshire County Football League. pages 40-44. Retrieved 2 October 2019.