.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Chinese. (November 2019) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 788 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Chinese Wikipedia article at [[:zh:石敢当]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|zh|石敢当)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
A Mount Tai Shigandang (泰山石敢當) in Beijing, China.
A Mount Tai Shigandang (泰山石敢當) in Beijing, China.
Shigandang: tablet, erected at the entrance of a lane, etc., to drive away misfortune or evil spirits.
Shigandang: tablet, erected at the entrance of a lane, etc., to drive away misfortune or evil spirits.
An Ishigantō in Okinawa, Japan
An Ishigantō in Okinawa, Japan

Shigandang (simplified Chinese: 石敢当; traditional Chinese: 石敢當; pinyin: shí gǎn dāng; Wade–Giles: shih-kan-tang; Japanese: 石敢當 ishigantō) is an ornamental stone tablet with writing,[1] which is used to exorcise evil spirits in east Asia. 石敢當 are often associated with Mount Tai, and are often placed on street intersections or three-way junctions, especially in the crossing, which is often considered a spiritually dangerous place ().

Erecting Taishan shi-gan-dang nearby the houses, villages, bridges and roads has a long history in China. The phrase “石敢當” first appeared in Han Dynasty. During Tang Dynasty, these three characters have been carved on stones and were used to protect houses from evil things. Until Song Dynasty “Taishan shi-gan-dang” came out. It had been widely popular throughout the country to set up “石敢當” or “泰山石敢當” near villages and houses. What's more, this custom has also been spread to Han cultural circle overseas. No other Chinese folk-beliefs can compare with it considering its wideness. However, shi-gan-dang's function has been diversified that it not only prevents people from evil things, but also from wind, water and disasters. 泰山石敢當 has been listed among the first batch of national nonmaterial cultural heritage in 2006. Now this thousand-year-old belief has been protected as an important nonmaterial cultural heritage.

Apart from Shigandang, another option is to place a stone with Nāmó Ēmítuófó (南無阿彌陀佛).

See also

Notes