Film poster
Directed byVittorio De Sica
Written bySergio Amidei
Adolfo Franci
Cesare Giulio Viola
Cesare Zavattini
Produced byGiuseppe Amato
Paolo William Tamburella
StarringFranco Interlenghi
Rinaldo Smordoni
Annielo Mele
Bruno Ortenzi
Emilio Cigoli
CinematographyAnchise Brizzi
Edited byNiccolò Lazzari
Music byAlessandro Cicognini
Distributed byENIC[1]
Release date
  • 27 April 1946 (1946-04-27)
Running time
93 minutes

Shoeshine (Italian: Sciuscià [ʃuʃˈʃa], from Neapolitan pronunciation of the English) is a 1946 Italian film directed by Vittorio De Sica. Sometimes regarded as his first masterpiece, the film follows two shoeshine boys who get into trouble with the police after trying to find the money to buy a horse.

In 2008, the film was included on the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage’s 100 Italian films to be saved, a list of 100 films that "have changed the collective memory of the country between 1942 and 1978."[2]

Shoeshine became the first film to win the Academy Award for Best International Feature Film at the 20th Academy Awards in 1947.


Two friends, Giuseppe Filippucci and Pasquale Maggi, test-ride horses. They are saving to purchase a horse, although they are only living off their income from shining shoes in the streets of Rome.

One day Giuseppe's older brother, Attilio, visits the boys and tells them that Panza (a fence) has some work for them. Pasquale brings Giuseppe along to meet Panza, who gives them two blankets to sell. Giuseppe and Pasquale take the blankets to a fortune teller, who buys them. After the sale, Panza, Attilio, and another man burst into the fortune teller's house, posing as policemen. They accuse the fortune teller of handling stolen goods, and finding Giuseppe and Pasquale, force them out and pretend to take them into custody. Attilio tells the boys to go away and keep quiet, letting them keep the blanket money (2,800 lira) as well as 3,000 additional lira. With this money, the boys have enough to finally buy a horse.

After purchasing their horse and riding it, the boys return to the city. There the real police, accompanied by the fortune teller, bring them into the precinct for questioning. The police accuse the boys of stealing 700,000 lira from the fortune teller's home, which obviously was stolen by Panza and Attilio, posing as the policemen. The boys deny all charges and do not mention their knowledge of the three true con men. Giuseppe and Pasquale are sent to a juvenile detention center. On arrival, Giuseppe and Pasquale are separated.

The con men send Giuseppe a parcel filled with food and he shares it with his fellow inmates in his own cell. Another inmate, Arcangeli, finds a note in a piece of the bread Giuseppe shares. It is from Attilio's boss, and it instructs him not to expose his brother and comrades regarding the con. Giuseppe informs Pasquale; they agree not to divulge the truth.

Later, the boys are called into the police chief's office for questioning. Frustrated, the chief threatens to beat the information out of them. Another policeman takes Giuseppe into a side room to beat him. Hidden from Pasquale's view, Giuseppe is taken back to his cell, while another child poses as Giuseppe's screaming voice. The policeman proceeds to flay a sandbag, while the child belts out false screams. Pasquale, thinking his friend was in unbearable pain, finally admits the names of Panza and Attilio to the police chief.

Giuseppe discovers that Pasquale confessed when his mother visits him and reveals that Attilio, his brother, has been informed. Giuseppe confronts Pasquale in front of the other inmates, calling him a spy.

A file is planted in Pasquale's cell, and Pasquale is flogged. At their official court hearing, Giuseppe and Pasquale are respectively sentenced to one and two years in prison. Giuseppe commits to Arcangeli's[3] escape plan. While a movie is being shown in the prison, they escape.

Pasquale tells the police chief where the escapees went and leads them there, but they have already escaped. Pasquale runs off and finds Giuseppe and Arcangeli riding on their horse across a bridge. They dismount, and Arcangeli flees, but Giuseppe stays. Pasquale takes off his belt and starts to flog Giuseppe. Giuseppe falls off the bridge and hits his head on the rocks below. Pasquale cries over his fallen friend's body as the police arrive and the horse trots off.



Upon its release, Shoeshine received critical acclaim both in Italy and internationally. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 100% based on 7 reviews, with an average score of 8.8/10.[4]

The film's use of non-professional actors, on-location shooting, and a focus on the struggles of ordinary people were characteristic of the neorealist style. Critics praised the film for its powerful storytelling, authentic performances, and social commentary. The performances of the two young leads, Rinaldo Smordoni (Giuseppe) and Franco Interlenghi (Pasquale), were particularly lauded for their naturalism and emotional depth.

Commercially, the film performed well in Italy, drawing large audiences and becoming a significant box office success. Its critical acclaim and Oscar win likely contributed to its continued success in international markets, further establishing Italian neorealism as a significant cinematic movement.


Shoeshine is one of the early Italian neorealist films. In 1948, it received an Honorary Award at the Academy Awards for its high quality. This award was the precursor of what would later become the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

Pauline Kael, in a 1961 review published, commented: "Life, as Shoeshine demonstrates, is too complex for facile endings. Shoeshine was not conceived in the patterns of romance or melodrama; it is one of those rare works of art which seem to emerge from the welter of human experience without smoothing away the raw edges, or losing what most movies lose — the sense of confusion and accident in human affairs...The greatness of Shoeshine is in that feeling we get of human emotions that have not been worked-over and worked-into something (a pattern? a structure?) and cannot really be comprised in such a structure. We receive something more naked, something that pours out of the screen...Shoeshine has a sweetness and a simplicity that suggest greatness of feeling, and this is so rare in film works that to cite a comparison one searches beyond the medium — if Mozart had written an opera set in poverty, it might have had this kind of painful beauty...This tragic study of the corruption of innocence is intense, compassionate, and above all, humane."[3]

Orson Welles said of Shoeshine: "What De Sica can do, that I can’t do. I ran his Shoeshine again recently and the camera disappeared, the screen disappeared; it was just life.”

The film inspired the comic book series Sciuscià, which ran from 1949 to 1956.[5]


  1. ^ "Sciuscià (1946)". Archivio del Cinema Italiano. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Ecco i cento film italiani da salvare Corriere della Sera". Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b admin (7 July 2017). "SHOESHINE (1946) - Review by Pauline Kael". Scraps from the loft. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Shoeshine - Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. 26 August 1947. Retrieved 9 November 2023.
  5. ^ Franco Fossati (1992). "Sciuscià". Dizionario Illustrato del Fumetto. Mondadori, 1992. pp. 231–2. ISBN 8804355441.